Conlang
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History[]

Émplina is spoken in de Kingdom of Dagonaut. It is quite closely related to the old language of Unoa, although Émplina is evolved much more so only the roots of the words are related to the Unoan ones. It belongs to the same family as the language of Eviellan and Modern Unoan, but each of these three languages is very different from the other ones.

Dialects[]

Émplina has three dialects: the Southern Dialect/River Dialect, the Northern Dialect/Town Dialect and the Mountain Dialect. The River Dialect is a bit related to the language of Eviellan, the Mountain Dialect is most clearly related to Modern Unoan and the Northern Dialect is the language that is officially used by the government and is commonly seen as "the real Émplina".

Writing system[]

Émplina uses the Latin alphabet, with some slight changes.







Characters
A - long K                                      
À - with a suggestion of a l L
Á - always long M
B N
C O - English o
D P
E - long R
É - always long S
È - like in French crème T
F U - French u
G V
H W
I - French ie Y
J Z

Notes:

A and E are long, except for when it is in the last syllable of a word in front of a consonant. Á en É are always long, even if they're in the last syllable of a word followed by a consonant.

O, I and U can also have accents on them, but as they aren't as commonly used as Á and É and À and È, so they're not implemented into the alphabet.

Grammar[]

Nouns

Émplina uses noun cases: nominative, accusative, genitive, dative and vocative.

The first group of case declension is for the feminin nouns ending in -a. Example word: Isla (=middle, centre)

Definite article: "ían"

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Ían isl-a Íán isl-án
Accusative Íem isl-em Íán isl-án
Genitive Ían isl-an Ían isl-àn
Dative Íen isl-en Íen isl-èn
Vocative Ia isl-a Ia isl-án

The second group of case declension is for the feminin nouns ending in -im. Example word: Arnim (=horse)

Definite article: the same for -a words, declines the same way as well

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Arn-im Arn-in
Accusative Arn-is Arn-in
Genitive Arn-in Arn-ine
Dative Arn-an Arn-án
Vocative Arn-i Arn-in

The third group of case declension is for the masculin words ending in -en. Example word: Munen (=city)

Definite article: Íen

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Íen mun-en Íon mun-ón
Accusative Íom mun-om Íon mun-óm
Genitive Íes mun-es Íén mun-én
Dative Íos mun-os Íon mun-on
Vocative Io mun-e Io mun-en

The fourth group of case declension is for the masculin words ending in -ur. Example word: Astur (=star)

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Ast-ur Ast-un
Accusative Ast-um Ast-uma
Genitive Ast-us Ast-usa
Dative Ast-em Ast-ema
Vocative Ast-u Ast-un

The fifth group of case declension is for the neuter words ending in -il. Example word: Mulil (=country)

Definite article: Íl

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Íl mul-il Ílin mul-in
Accusative Ílan mul-an Ílas mul-es
Genitive Ían mul-im Ílum mul-um
Dative Ían mul-en Ían mul-in
Vocative Mul-e Mul-in

The sixth group of case declensions is for the feminin, masculin ánd neuter words ending in consonants. The definite article is the same as the articles mentioned above, depending on which gender the noun has. Example word: Vastuk (=road), masculin

Case Singular Plural
Nominative Vastuk Vast-ile
Accusative Vast-en Vast-ilen
Genitive Vast-is Vast-isa
Dative Vast-er Vast-eri
Vocative Vast-e Vast-i

Verbs

Verbs conjugate according to person and number. The infinitive ends in -in. Example verb: istin (to see). The next table shows the present tense

Person Singular Plural
1st ist-em ist-ene
2nd ist-il ist-ele
3d ist-er ist-era
Imperative ist-e ist-en

The next table shows the past tense

Person Singular Plural
1st ist-ede ist-eden
2nd ist-ilde ist-ilda
3d ist-etri ist-etra

The next table shows the future tense

Person Singular Plural
1st ist-imit ist-emit
2nd ist-ilit ist-elit
3d ist-iter ist-itra

The next table shows the pluperfect tense

Person Singular Plural
1st ist-emat ist-emade
2nd ist-ilat ist-ilade
3d ist-etrit ist-etrida

The passive is formed by a form of 'to be' (present, past, future or pluperfect) + the past form of the main verb.

To be (jaman)

Present

Person Singular Plural
1st jem jene
2nd jimil jemele
3d íat jaren

Past

Person Singular Plural
1st jedim jedena
2nd jedil jedila
3d jeder jedira

Future

Person Singular Plural
1st jemite jemina
2nd jemile jemila
3d jidatre jeritra

Pluperfect

Person Singular Plural
1st jemat jetima
2nd jemilat jemilade
3d jemirat jerita

Except from 'to be', there is no irregular verb.

Adjectives

Adjectives decline the same way as the nouns and come right behind the noun they belong to in a sentence. Adjectives always have the same ending letter as the noun they belong to, except for the sixth group, for that group the suffix -er is used behind the root of the adjective.

Adverbs

Adverbs are formed by putting -rim behind the root of the adjective. The adverb is placed in the sentence right behind the verb it belongs to.

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