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Name: Aāng Mǎo Shí Won

Type: Analytic

Alignment: Nominative–accusative

Head Direction: First

Number of genders: 1

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

General information[edit | edit source]

Aāng Mǎo Shí Won (Literally: Joy valley nation speak. Loosely translated: The language of the nation where joy is spread through the valleys) is a far-east-asian language spoken by the Aāng Mǎo Shí people of the similarly named nation of Aāng Mǎo Shí, a set of islands located far off of the coast of Japan, which have long since sunken into the ocean, 3,000 years ago. It shares some phonetic characteristics with nearby nations, such as China and Japan, however has a completely unique vocabulary. It is formed from short words that rarely become over two syllables long.

Although often mistaken as logographic by many who understand few eastern languages, due to it's striking resemblance to Hanzi script, the script of Aāng Mǎo Shí Won is one of the most phonetically descriptive to exist, explaining the order of the phonemes, the tones of the syllable and the syllables themselves, much like the Korean Hangul script.

Phonology[edit | edit source]

This section will only cover the phonemes, diphthongs and tones of Aāng Mǎo Shí Won. There are strict rules as to how consonants and vowels must be ordered within a syllable. This ordering information can be found in the Writing section.

These tables shows the romanized phonemes of Aāng Mǎo Shí Won.

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ng

p  b

t  d k  g
Fricative s  z sh  zh
Affricate f  v g
Trill r
Lateral app. l

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front Near-front Central Back
Close i (y when initial) u
Open-mid e o
Open a

Diphthongs[edit | edit source]

Any two vowels seen in the Vowels section can be combined to make a diphthong. Diphthongs appear more commonly in Aāng Mǎo Shí Won than regular vowels do.

Tones[edit | edit source]

There are 5 tones in Aāng Mǎo Shí Won: High, Rising, Falling then rising, Falling, Rising then falling, and Low. The High tone is placed just above the normal tone of the voice, with the exact pitch depending on one's preference and the clarity with which they wish to speak. It is represented by the number 1 or a horisontal line above the second vowel of the syllable. The Rising tone rapidly ascends from the speaker's normal tone of voice and the high tone. It is represented by the number 2 or a line that rises from left to right above the second vowel of the syllable. The Falling then rising tone rapidly falls from the high tone to the normal tone of voice, before rapidly ascending to the high tone once again. It is represented by the number 3 or a small V-shape above the second vowel of the syllable. The Falling tone rapidly descends from the high tone to the speaker's normal tone of voice. It is represented by the number 4 or a line that descends rom left to right above the second vowel of the syllable. The Rising then falling tone rapidly ascends from the The speaker's normal tone of voice to the High tone, before rapidly descending back to the speaker's normal tone of voice. It is represented by the number 5 or an upside-down V-shape above the second vowel in the syllable. The Low tone is spoken at the speaker's normal tone of voice. It is not represented by any number or accent. In this sense, Aāng Mǎo Shí Won could also be written as Aang1 Mao3 Shi2 Won.

Writing[edit | edit source]

There are three alphabets that exist within Aāng Mǎo Shí Won; the Initial Alphabet, the Vowel Alphabet, and the Final Alphabet. These are all used together to produce whole syllables. Remember, Aāng Mǎo Shí Won is always written from left to right or from top to bottom (more commonly the latter)

Initial Alphabet[edit | edit source]

The Initial Alphabet is an alphabet made entirely of consonants. As its name suggests, letters in this alphabet can only go at the start of a syllable. There can only be one letter from the Initial Alphabet per syllable. This letter is written to the right of the vowels. Initial letters must be used in conjunction with a vowel and can additionally be used in conjunction with a final letter.

Vowel Alphabet[edit | edit source]

The Vowel Alphabet, as its name suggests, contains the 5 vowels of Aāng Mǎo Shí Won. Two vowels must be present in each syllable, one on top of the other. Different vowels will form a diphthong, using the top vowel followed by the second one, while the same vowel will result in the vowels origional sound being pronounced. In the absence of an initial letter, the vowel will become the initial sound.

Final Alpthabet[edit | edit source]

The Final Alphabet only consists of two letters, which are optional for use at the end of a word. In the absence of a Final letter, the last vowel takes its place. The Final letter is written beneath both the vowels and the Initial letter.

Syllable construction[edit | edit source]

Putting all of these rules together, one should get a syllable made of no more than five symbols: one tonal mark, 

Kuǒng: Hello

one initial letter, two vowels, and a final letter. The image to the right shows the word hello (kuǒng): an example of the longest possible syllable in Aāng Mǎo Shí Won.

Grammar[edit | edit source]

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No No No No
Nouns No No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No Yes No No No No
Pronouns No No Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Tones with tenses[edit | edit source]

The tones of Aāng Mǎo Shí Won directly correspond to the tense of the verb. The first tone (high) indicates the present tense (e.g. Zhao1 wen1: I am/I am being). The second tone (rising) indicates the past preterite tense (e.g. Zhao2 wen1: I was). The third tone (falling then rising) indicates the conditional tense (e.g. Zhao3 wen1: I would be/I might be). The fourth tone (falling) indicates the future tense (e.g. Zhao4 wen1: I will be/I am going to be). The fifth tone (rising then falling) indicates the past imperfect tense (e.g. Zhao5 wen1: I used to be). The toneless verb is in the infinitive (e.g. Zhao(6): To be). For negatives, a prefix of Kai4 is added to the verb.

Punctuation[edit | edit source]

The Cheun-kā

In Aāng Mǎo Shí Won, punctuation is very important, as it marks out not only pauses, but also many different emotions and features of the sentence. There are two forms of punctuation: Cheun-kā - which mark out the pauses and emotions of the sentence, and Cheun-gā - which mark out the features of the sentence itself.

Cheun-kā[edit | edit source]

These pieces of punctuation include the typical pieces one might expect to find: full stops (periods), quotation marks, exclaimation marks, and question marks; as well as other marks of expression: including embarrassment marks, suspicion marks, happiness marks, sadness marks, fear marks, and humbleness marks. the piece of punctuation is placed both at the start and at the end of the sentence, or the area they outline (with exclusion to full stops, placed only at the end of the sentence)

Cheun-gā[edit | edit source]

The Cheun-gā

Unlike the Cheun-kā, this set of punctuation does not exist in most languages, however it is similar to the particles of Japanese. These include the topic marker, the direct object marker, the indirect object marker, the subject marker, the direction marker, the time marker, the verb marker, the adjective marker, the plural marker, and the link - a piece of punctuation that connects multiple syllables to make one multi-syllable word. None of these symbols are pronounced, save for the plural marker, which adds a prefix of "Buon1" and a suffix of "Tueng4". Each of the markers has a "roof" and "legs", allowing for the marker to be placed around the character it outlines. The marker can also be stretched to encompass multiple characters. The only exclusion to this is the link, which goes between multiple characters.

Word order[edit | edit source]

The word order of Aāng Mǎo Shí Won is rather different to English. It goes:

Topic - Verb - Subject - Direct object - Indirect object - Direction/location - Time

Adjectives are put after the noun they describe. To denote ownership, the prefix Kuang is added to the word (e.g. I = wen1, my = kuang wen1)

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]

English Aāng Mǎo Shí Won
Hello Kuong3
Goodbye Kuong5
I Wen1
You Wen2
He/she/it Wen3
We Buon1 wen1 tueng4
You (plural) Buon1 wen2 tueng4
They Buon1 wen3 tueng4
To be Zhao
To have Kuan
To do Shong
To go/come Miun
To make/create Vao
To say Won
To know Bian
To get Teu
To take Teun
To see/look Goung
To think Jao
To thank Rieng
To want Kieng
To give Deung
To use Bue
To find Luong
To tell Nao
To ask Weng
To work Fen
To appear Jaung
To feel (physically) Paun
To feel (mentally) Baun
To try Mun
To leave Chao
To call/hail Ding
To call (name) Oung
To make/force Vie
To be able to Laung
To eat Tau
Yes Chueng1
No/Not Chueng
Maybe Chueng3
I think so Chueng2
I don't think so Chueng4
I can't answer that Chueng5
Red Ko1
Blue Ko3
Green Ko
White Ko2
Black Ko4
Yellow Ko5
Orange Ko1 ko5
Purple Ko1 ko3
Cyan Ko3 ko
Brown Ko1 ko3 ko5
Happy/joyous Aang1 pue
Sad/miserable Aang pue
Confused Aang2 pue
Angry/furious Aang4 pue
Ok/neutral mood/calm Aang3 pue
Passionate/emotional Aang5 pue
Emotion/mood Pue
In/inside Kao3
Out/outside Kao5
Below/behind Kao
Above/in front of Kao1
To the left of Kao4
To the right of Kao2
Here Dao3
There Dao5
My/mine Kuang Wen1
Your/yours Kuang Wen2
His/her/hers/its Kuang Wen3
Our/ours Kuang Buon1 wen1 tueng4
Your/yours (plural) Kuang Buon1 wen2 tueng4
Their/theirs Kuang Buon1 wen3 tueng4
Elements of the periodic table Huen2 (atomic number)
And/also Ziu1
But/however Ziu3
Good/fun/funny Ying1
Bad/boring Ying
Scary Ying4

Mathematics[edit | edit source]

The numbers of Aāng Mǎo Shí Won are rather easy to draw, however the mathematics along with them can be difficult, as the decimal system isn't used to count, but instead a 20 number system (the numbers from 1 to 20 each have their own names). Below, is a list of the basic digits that would be used in everyday life.

English Aāng Mǎo Shí Won Digit
1 Yin1
2 Yin2
3 Yin3
4 Yin4 ㅇㅇ
5 Yin5
6 Yin
7 Reun1 ᄌᄋ
8 Reun2
9 Reun3 ᄋᄌᄋ
10 Reun4
11 Reun5
12 Reun ᄂᄋ
13 San1
14 San2 ᄋᄂᄋ
15 San3 ᄂᄌ
16 San4 ᄂ즈
17 San5 ᄂᄋᄌ
18 San 능ᄌ
19 Hong2 ᄂᄋᄌᄋ
20 Hong1
23 (20 + 3) Yin3 Hong1 으=퓰
56 (20x2 + 16) San4 Yi2 Hong1 ᄂ즈=퓰퓰
100 Haun1
1000 Haun3
2472 (1000x2 + 100x4 + 20x3 +12) Reun Yi3 Hong1 Yi4 Haun1 Yi2 Haun3 ᄂᄋ=퓰퓰퓰=까까까까=틈틈
Add Ziu1 #
Take away Kai4 Ziu1 /#
Negative Kai4 /
Multiply Jeng2
Divide Ven4

Example text[edit | edit source]

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