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Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General information[edit | edit source]

Aban language is a language of Köz family spoken by around 30,000 people in a small kingdom of Aban. As many languages of the family, it has many triconsonantal words. It is also the most archaic Köz language (as Sanskrit is to IE family), which means it is crucial in reconstructing Proto-Köz.

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/
Plosive p /p/
b /b/
t /t/
d /d/
k /k/
g /g/
Fricative f /f/
v /v/
s /s/
z /z/
š /ʃ/
ž /ʒ/
ŧ /c/
đ /ɟ/
x /x~χ/ q /q~χ/ h (h)
Affricate ts, c /ts/ č /tʃ/
Approximant y /j/
Trill
Flap or tap r /ɾ/
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l /l/
Lateral flap

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i /i/
ü /y/

u /u/
Near-close
Close-mid ë /ɘ/
Mid e /e/
ö /ø/
o /o/
Open-mid
Near-open
Open a /a/

Diphthongs: ei /eɪ/, ai /aɪ/. More will be added later.

Classes of vowels: e-class (ë, e); o-class (o, ö); u-class (u, ü). 4th class (i, a).

Alphabet[edit | edit source]

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Grammar[edit | edit source]

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Nouns[edit | edit source]

Nouns have 5 cases, nominative, genitive, dative, accusative and instrumental. Occasional umlaut can occur in irregularities.

Consonant change is fairly simple, with usually predictable fricativization, weakening (devoicing for voiced, nearly the same effect as fricativization for unvoiced) and strengthening (voicing for unvoiced, plosivization for voiced fricatives).

keged odë
Sing. Pl. Sing. Pl.
Nom. keged kegedë(t) odë odët
Gen. kegez kegedei odës odër
Dat. kegede kegedem odëm odën
Acc. keget kegat odël odëš
Ins. kegedo kegeda oder odet

Consonant change: d - fricative z, weakened t, no strengthened form; p - f/f/b; b - v/p/--; t - s/h (he)/z; ŧ - y/š/č; đ - ž/ŧ/d; k - x/ŧ/g; g - q/k/--.

All outside the list is either unchanged or very predictable.

Vowel change is usually changing to its class' second vowel. But there is one irregularity, e changes to a when weakened.

The above table is used in educated speech, instead the following table is used colloquially:

keged odë
Sing. Pl. Sing. Pl.
Nom. keged kegedë(t) odë odët
Gen. kegedës kegedei odës odër
Dat. kegede kegedem odëm odën
Acc. keget kegat/kegedër odël odëš
Ins. kegedo kegeda odëp odëk

(i.e. in accusative singular the last sound is either unvoiced or left the same, and in accusative plural the vowel's lowered.)

Verbs[edit | edit source]

Syntax[edit | edit source]

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47cat
48dog
49louse
50snake
51worm
52tree
53forest
54stick
55fruit
56seed
57leaf
58root
59bark
60flower
61grass
62rope
63skin
64meat
65blood
66bone
67fat
68egg
69horn
70tail
71feather
72hair
73head
74ear
75eye
76nose
77mouth
78tooth
79tongue
80fingernail
81foot
82leg
83knee
84hand
85wing
86belly
87guts
88neck
89back
90breast
91heart
92liver
93drink
94eat
95bite
96suck
97spit
98vomit
99blow
100breathe
101laugh
102see
103hear
104know
105think
106smell
107fear
108sleep
109live
110die
111kill
112fight
113hunt
114hit
115cut
116split
117stab
118scratch
119dig
120swim
121fly
122walk
123come
124lie
125sit
126stand
127turn
128fall
129give
130hold
131squeeze
132rub
133wash
134wipe
135pull
136push
137throw
138tie
139sew
140count
141say
142sing
143play
144float
145flow
146freeze
147swell
148sun
149moon
150star
151water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
160earth
161cloud
162fog
163sky
164wind
165snow
166ice
167smoke
168fire
169ash
170burn
171road
172mountain
173red
174green
175yellow
176white
177black
178night
179day
180year
181warm
182cold
183full
184new
185old
186good
187bad
188rotten
189dirty
190straight
191round
192sharp
193dull
194smooth
195wet
196dry
197correct
198near
199far
200right
201left
202at
203in
204with
205and
206if
207because
208name


Example text[edit | edit source]

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