Acallese
acallá
Type Synthetic
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Mixed
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Masculine-Feminine
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]



Acallese is a rather posteriori Romance conlang inspired by a number of Romance and Germanic languages. Its major inspiration and influences are French and Spanish, followed by Catalan, Italian, German, English, Sardinian and Corsican. Acallese is supposed to be an easy-to-use/school-friendly yet exciting conlang, at least for its creator, who is its alpha user.


Phonology (La Fonológia)[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f s z ʃ ʒ
Affricate
Approximant j w
Trill r
Lateral l

The voiced stops may have intervocalic fricative allophones /β, ð, ɣ/ (fablá, cidad, lago).

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front Central Back
High i u
High-mid e o
Low-mid ɛ ɔ
Low a

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Acallese syllable structure can be summarized as follows; parentheses enclose optional components:

  • (C1 (C2 (C3))) (S1) V (S2) (C3 (C4))

Acallese syllable structure consists of an optional syllable onset, consisting of one or two consonants; an obligatory syllable nucleus, consisting of a vowel optionally preceded by and/or followed by a semivowel; and an optional syllable coda, consisting of one or two consonants. The following restrictions apply:

  • Onset
    • First consonant (C1): Can be /s/ or a labiodental fricative.
    • First consonant (C2): Can be any stop or /f/.
    • Third consonant (C3): If and only if the second consonant is a stop /p, t, k, b, d, ɡ/ or a voiceless labiodental fricative /f/, a second consonant, always a liquid /l, r/, is permitted. Exceptions: /tl/ and /dl/
  • Nucleus
    • Semivowel (S1)
    • Vowel (V)
    • Semivowel (S2)
  • Coda
    • First consonant (C3): Can be any consonant
    • Second consonant (C4): Most often /s/, but can be /ɡ/ after /n/ in English loanwords like marketing. A coda combination of two consonants appears only in loanwords (mainly from Classical Latin) but never in words inherited from Vulgar Latin.
    • Medial codas assimilate place features of the following onsets and are often stressed.

Stress[edit | edit source]

Acallese stress is functional: to change the placement of stress changes the meaning of a sentence or phrase.

Transcription[edit | edit source]

In traditional transcription, primary stress is marked with an acute accent (´) over the vowel. Unstressed parts of a word are emphasized by placing a breve (˘) over the vowel if a mark is needed, or it is left unmarked.

Position[edit | edit source]

Stress usually occurs in three positions in Acallese: on the final syllable, the penultimate syllable, or the antepenultimate syllable.


Alphabet (L'Alfabeto)[edit | edit source]

Letter Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Ll Mm
Name a é efi gi ha i jo el em
Sound /a/ /b/ /k, tʃ1/ /d/ /e, ɛ2/ /f/ /g, ʒ1/ /Ø/ /i, j/ /ʒ/ /l/ /m/
Letter Nn Oo Pp Qq* Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Xx Zz
Name en o cu er es u ve xi zet
Sound /n/ /o, ɔ2/ /p/ /k/ /r/ /s/ /t/ /u, w/ /v/ /ks, s1/ /z/
*only appears in the digraph qu /k/, which is used to represent the sound after /e, ɛ, i/.

1before /e, ɛ, i/

2at the final unstressed syllable

The letters K, W and Y are also used, but they are only used in loanwords (although the K used in the prefix kilo- (kilométro, kilobíto) is very common).

Grammar (Le Gramaticó)[edit | edit source]

The Article (L'Articulo)[edit | edit source]

The definite article (L'articulo definito)[edit | edit source]

The definite articles are declined to gender and number. They correspond to English the.

Definite articles in Acallese
Masculine Feminine
Singular le, l' la, l'
Plural les las

le and la change to l' when following a vowel or a silent h.

Examples:

  • le cato - the cat
  • la flore - the flower
  • l'avio ♂ - the airplane
  • les cate - the cats
  • las flori - the flowers

The indefinite article (L'articulo indefinito)[edit | edit source]

The indefinite articles are also declined to gender and number. They correspond to English a and an.

Indefinite articles in Acallese
Masculine Feminine
Singular un una
Plural unos unas

Examples:

  • un cato - a cat
  • una flore - a flower
  • unos catos - some cats
  • unas flores - some flowers

The partitive article (L'articulo definito)[edit | edit source]

The partitive articles are used to indicate an indefinite portion of something uncountable, or an indefinite number of something countable. They correspond to English some.

Definite articles in Acallese
Masculine Feminine
Singular do, d' dé la, dé l'
Plural des

do changes to d' when following a vowel or silent h.

Examples:

  • jus de rasino - grape juice
  • vase dé la flori - vase of flowers
  • jus d'orange - orange juice

Nouns (Les Nomes)[edit | edit source]

Gender (Gendro)[edit | edit source]

Every Acallese noun has a grammatical gender, either masculine or feminine.

Verbs (Les Vérbes)[edit | edit source]

Syntax (Syntaxís)[edit | edit source]

Lexicon (Le Lexico)[edit | edit source]

Example text[edit | edit source]

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