Nouns[edit | edit source]

Nouns are simple and don't have declensions, all information like number, case, et cetera is conveyed with other words such as determinatives or adjectives. For example, you can say øv ҵeklad (one chocolate), but to say "two chocolates", you don't add anything to "ҵeklad"—it just becomes dⱥẁz ҵeklad.

Pronouns[edit | edit source]

Pronouns are a bit more complicated. There are three number categories, the latter two featuring clusivity in the first person. A fourth person is also included, similar to English's "they" in "you know what they say" or the generic "one".

Subject Pronouns
Number >

v Person

Singular Plural Universal
First Incl. nỳ nenz nỳmr
Excl. neaz nỳar
Second Fam. vỳ venz vỳmr
Form. von vonz
Third kỳn kỳon kỳmr
Fourth ƶen

The universal number represents everyone in a group; for example, if you were making a speech to your entire class, you'd use vỳmr, but if you were talking to just a couple of friends, you'd instead use venz.

More cases can be found below:

Object Pronouns
Number >

v Person

Singular Plural Universal
First Incl. nomme nenze nỳmere
Excl. neaze nỳare
Second Fam. vomme venze vỳmere
Form. vonze
Third kỳmme kỳonne kỳmere
Fourth ƶemme
Possesive Determinatives
Number >

v Person

Singular Plural Universal
First Incl. na nena nỳmra
Excl. nea nỳara
Second Fam. va vena vỳmra
Form. vona
Third kỳa kỳona kỳmra
Fourth ƶea
Possessive Pronouns
Number >

v Person

Singular Plural Universal
First Incl. nỳwa nenwa nỳmwa
Excl. neawa nỳawa
Second Fam. vỳwa venwa vỳmwa
Form. vowa vonwa
Third kỳwa kỳowa kỳnwa
Fourth ƶewa
Reflexive Pronouns
Number >

v Person

Singular Plural Universal
First Incl. nỳnen nenzỳn nỳmrỳn
Excl. neazỳn nỳarỳn
Second Fam. vỳnen venzỳn vỳmrỳn
Form. vonen vonzỳn
Third kỳnen kỳonen kỳmrỳn
Fourth ƶenen

Verbs[edit | edit source]

Most verbs have an -er ending. Conjugations are simple; even though many of them seem complex, there is a common theme between each part. Persons, tenses, and moods all have their own conjugation parts that build on each other. Certain verbs conjugate irregularly.

Regular -ER Verb Conjugations
Tense & Mood >

v Person

Preterite Present Future



"would have spoken"


"was speaking"




"would speak"


"is speaking"




"will be speaking"

First Singular -ỳla e-ỳla -ỳlade -ỳ e-ỳ -ỳde No conjugation -erỳ -eryde


Incl. -ỳna e-ỳna -ỳnade -ỳn e-ỳn -ỳnde a-a -erỳn -erỳnde
Excl. -aỳna e-aỳna -aỳnade -aỳn e-aỳn -aỳnde -eraỳn -eraỳnde
Second Sing. Fam. -ela e-ela -elade -e e-e -ede -a -ere -erede
Form. -eza e-eza -ezade -ez e-z -ezde -erez -erezde
Plural Fam. -ena e-ena -enade -en e-en -ende -eren -erende
Third Singular -ola e-ola -olade -o e-o -ode No conjugation -ero -erode
Plural -ona e-ona -onade -on e-on -onde -eron -eronde
Fourth -ẁla e-ẁla -ẁlade -ẁ e-ẁ -ẁde -erẁ -erẁde

Syntax[edit | edit source]

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.