Phonology[edit | edit source]

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Basic Grammar[edit | edit source]

Sentence Structure[edit | edit source]

Sentence structure generally follows the following structure:

  • "ELAM" + SUBJECT(s) + "EITAV" + INDIRECT OBJECT(s) + DIRECT OBJECT(s) + "KANU"/ "KAINA"/ "AHMAN" + VERB + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE(S)
    • "ELAM" and "EITAV" mean "FROM" and "AT" respectively. These are only used if the subject and indirect object are both present in the sentence.
    • "KANU" "KAINA" and "AHMAN" Mean "HE" "SHE" and "IT" respectively. This refers to the subject and can be omitted if the subject is directly before the verb.
      • If there are multiple subjects, use "KANUN"/ "KAINAN"/ "EIL"
        • "KANUN" is masculine and plural, "KAINAN" is feminine plural "EIL" is gender-neutral and plural (like "they") although "KANUN" can be used the same as "EIL"
          • "The man and the woman exchanged their presents" becomes "The man and the woman their presents they (KANUN or EIL) exchange."
        • If there is only one subject, even if it is plural, use "KANU"/ "KAINA"/ "EIL"
          • NOTE: In this situation, the verb is still conjugated as a plural even though the reference pronoun is singular.
          • "The brothers exchanges their presents" becomes "The brothers their presents he (KANU) exchange", not "The brothers their presents they exchange".
    • Modifiers are placed before the words the modify.
    • Prepositional phrases are structured modifier+object+preposition
      • "Beyond the city" becomes "The city beyond"

Verbs[edit | edit source]

Conjugation[edit | edit source]

Every verb in Ailak has a "stem" which is modified. The stem alone serves as the verb in infinitive form.

Conjugation of Verb Stems
Singular Plural
1st person stem + "i"

stem + "as"

stem + "asi"

2nd person stem + "u" stem + "asu"
3rd person stem + "eil"

stem + "asal"

  • The "-AS" and "-ASI" endings differ in that "-AS" means "WE" as in "you and I" while "-ASI" means "WE" as in "you, they, and I" or "they and I"
  • Example:


Example conjugation- EHLAL (TO BE)
Ehlali

Ehlalas

Ehlalasi

Ehlalu Ehlalasu
Ehlaleil Ehlalasal







Tense[edit | edit source]

Simple tense verbs (such as JUMPED, JUMP(s), and WILL JUMP) is determined by one of three prefixes, which are separating from the conjugated verb by a space.

  • Past-Use the preffix "IN"
    • Past (Uncertain/Theoretical) - If the past action is not being expressed as a certainty, use "INMAN"
  • Present-No preffix is used
    • If this is uncertain, use the preffix "NAN"
  • Future - Use the preffix "IM"
    • Future (Uncertain/Theoretical) - If the future action is not being represented as a certainty, use "IHMAN"

Progressive tense verbs (such as WAS JUMPING, IS JUMPING, and WILL BE JUMPING) use the same five prefixes as verbs in simple tense, but instead of using a conjugated verb, a verb in jerund form (verb stem + "AT") is used.

Perfect tense verbs (such as HAD JUMPED, HAVE/HAS JUMPED, and WILL HAVE JUMPED) also use the same five five preffixes as verbs in simple tense, but instead of using a verb in past tense, the suffix "AHM" is added to the end of the stem (stem+"AM").

Present Progressive tense verbs (such as HAVE BEEN JUMPING, HAVE/HAS BEEN JUMPING, and WILL HAVE BEEN JUMPING) do not exist in Ailak. Perfect tense are most often used instead.

Reflexive[edit | edit source]

Reflexive verbs take the place of a pronouns referring to indirect objects (i.e. "ME," "YOU," "HIM," "HER," "US," and "THEM")

Reflexive Verb Suffixes
Singular Plural
1st person Conjugated verb + "-elil"

Conjugated verb + "eilil"


Conjugated verb + "eilai"

2nd person Conjugated verb + "-elat" Conjugated verb + "eilat"
3rd person Conjugated verb + "-elim" Conjugated verb + "eilim"
  • The "-EILIL" and "-EILEI" endings differ in that "-EILIL" means "WE" as in "you and me" while "-EILAI" means "WE" as in "me, you, and them" or "me and them".
  • If the conjugated verb ends with a vowel, add a "KH" to the between the conjugated word and the reflexive pronoun if the pronoun is "-ELIL," "-EILIL," "-EILAI," "-EILAT," or "-EILIM". If the pronoun is "-ELAT" or "-ELIM" and the conjugated verb ends with a vowel, add "Y" between the verb and the reflexive pronoun.
  • Examples:
    • "He is me" becomes "Ehlaleilelil"

Dictionary[edit | edit source]

Verbs

Example text[edit | edit source]

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