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Akəla
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Head-Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 72%
Statistics
Nouns 55%
Verbs 40%
Adjectives 100%
Syntax 98%
Words 48 of 1500
Creator Sgt Haleakala

Classification and Dialects[edit | edit source]

It is one of the many rich and vibrant languages of the moon, Fosèna. Akəla is related to Losa.

Culture[edit | edit source]

Mythology[edit | edit source]

Legend has it that the language descended down from the heavens on Creation Day. It was gifted to mortals from Naləkilə, the god of languages.

Kinship[edit | edit source]

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Labial Alveolar Post-Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal

Nasal

m n ɲ ŋ
Stop Voiceless p t k ʔ
Voiced b d g
Fric. Voiceless f s ʃ x χ h
Voiced v z ʒ ɣ
Affr. Voiceless ʧ
Voiced ʤ
App. Medial w r~ɹ~ɾ j
Lateral l

/ni/ turns into /ɲ/ when there is a vowel after it.

/nj/ turns into /ɲ/.

/n/ turns into /ŋ/ when there is a velar stop after it.

/ŋg/ turns into /ŋ/.

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front

Near-Front

Central

Near-Back

Back
Close i u
Near-Close ɪ ʊ
Close-Mid e o
Mid ə
Open-Mid ɛ ɔ
Open a~ɑ

Diphthongs[edit | edit source]

ai ɛi au eu oi

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Writing System[edit | edit source]

Uppercase Letter Lowercase Letter IPA value Pronunciation of the letter (IPA)
A a a~ɑ a~ɑ
B b b bi
Č č ʧ ʧi
D d d di
E e e e
È è ɛ ɛ
Ə ə ə ə
F f f fa
G g ɡ gi
Ġ ġ ɣ ɣa
H h h he
I i i i
Ì ì ɪ ɪ
J j ʤ ʤa
K k k ka
L l

l

la
M m m mu
N n n nu
Ñ ñ ɲ aɲa
ŋ aŋa
O o o o
Ò ò ɔ ɔ
P p p pa
R r r~ɹ~ɾ aɹa
S s s sa
Š š ʃ ʃa
T t t ta
U u u u
Ù ù ʊ ʊ
V v v vi
W w w we
X x x exe
χ eχe
Y y j jadə
Z z z zi
Ž ž ʒ ʒi
ʔ oʔi

Grammar[edit | edit source]

Nouns[edit | edit source]

Cases[edit | edit source]

Singular Plural
Nominative Ø -s/-z
Genitive -

Verbs[edit | edit source]

Conjugations[edit | edit source]

Singular Plural
1st Person Indicative Past Exlusive -sa -sas
Inclusive -so
Present Exclusive Ø -s
Inclusive -rus
Future Exclusive -se -ses
Inclusive -si
2nd Person Indicative Past -ta -tas
Present -ti -tis
Future -te -tes
Imperative -tu -tus
3rd Person Indicative Past -va -vas
Present -vi -vis
Future -ve -ves
Infinitive -r
Example[edit | edit source]
kano- to talk
Singular Plural
1st Person Indicative Past Exlusive kanosa kanosas
Inclusive kanoso
Present Exclusive kano kanos
Inclusive kanorus
Future Exclusive kanose kanoses
Inclusive kanosi
2nd Person Indicative Past kanota kanotas
Present kanoti kanotis
Future kanote kanotes
Imperative kanotu kanotus
3rd Person Indicative Past kanova kanovas
Present kanovi kanovis
Future kanove kanoves
Infinitive kanor

Adjectives[edit | edit source]

Add -to to the end of the word after the case ending or verb ending.

Adverbs[edit | edit source]

Add -li to the end of the word

Pronouns[edit | edit source]

Singular Plural
1st person Exclusive ni nis/niz
Inclusive nos/noz
2nd Person ra ras/raz
3rd person su sus/suz

Articles[edit | edit source]

Singular Plural
Definite
Indefinite

Syntax[edit | edit source]

There aren't any supines, participles, or infinitives. Akəla word order is SVO (Subject Verb Object).

Lexicon[edit | edit source]

Akəla Word (the unmodified versions)

English Word

Part of Speech

Transliteration

Sound changes Notes
na now Adjective
šə color Noun
ma parent Noun
to care for Verb
parental Adjective
Ora

light, pale; solar

Adjective
day, the star Fosèna orbits, light, sunlight Noun
to brighten, turn pale, shine Verb
pi sky Noun
Fosèna ground, soil, the planet that the Akəli tribe lives on Noun place (of) life s → Ø

i → Ø

derived from archaic form of osi, which is fosi.
sèna life Noun
oka plant, vegetation, herb Noun
to plant Verb
le

house, home, habitat, a dwelling

Noun
to dwell Verb
raga

song

Noun
song-like Adjective
to sing Verb
tu to give, gift Verb
gift Noun
lei

dark

Adjective
night, darkness, midnight Noun
to darken Verb
ilo time Noun
luna

star, nightlight, moon, constellation

Noun
lunar, stellar Adjective
leso solar eclipse Noun dark star

i → Ø

l → Ø

a → Ø

da and Conjunction
aġa unless Conjunction
ha

sustenance

Noun
tua to give sustenance Verb give sustenance h → Ø
eko to ingest Verb
dasa torso Noun
veta hair Noun
oto to smell, stink Verb
smelly Adjective
stench, odor, nose Noun
se to need Verb
a need Noun
sea hunger/thirst Noun need sustenance h → Ø
to hunger/thirst Verb
vala

speed

Noun
quick, fast Adjective
quickly Adverb
to hurry Verb
ela ear Noun
To listen, hear Verb
kano

speech, mouth

Noun

to talk, converse, have a conversation

Verb
amo

love

Noun

to love Verb
vo permission Noun

to allow, let, enable, give permission

Verb
ka mind, head, neck, soul Noun

main, leading

Adjective
to control, steer, rule, lead Verb
oko eyes Noun
to look, see Verb
ocular Adjective
fira fire; cooking element, chemical reaction, heat source Noun object (of) Ora o → i

s → Ø

i → Ø

derived from archaic form of osi, which is fosi.
to light (on fire) Verb
flammable Adjective
haka any part of a plant that is edible Noun sustenance plant o → Ø
yero hatred Noun
to hate, despise Verb
osi person, animal, place, thing, object Noun
rax̌a bad, evil, foul, terrible, dirty, disgusting, corrupt, toxic, crazy, drunk, psychotic, awful, despicable, poisonous, venomous, strange, foreign, deceptive Adjective
to dirty, turn evil, corrupt, intoxicate, foul, lie, decieve Verb
evil, devil, demon, dirt, filth, pollution, disease, poison, lie, liar, venom, lunatic Noun
badly, filthily, crazily, fouly, terribly, awfully, drunkenly, venomously, deceptively Adverb
makes a word derogatory Particle
raxalo poisonous plant Noun
sudə good, just, righteous Adjective
justly Adverb

good, angel

Noun
firai sunrise, sunset Noun fire sky

p → Ø

a → Ø

peta flower Noun
peño toe, foot, leg; a walk Noun
to walk Verb
maka creation Noun
to create Verb
anə finger, hand, arm Noun
lapə to sleep Verb
sleep Noun
Uka‘uka Heaven Noun above above
Pelopelo Hell Noun below below

Prepositions[edit | edit source]

Akəla English What it is used for Cases it is used with Word Combination Example
Akəla English
ki in, within, inside Location Oblique
ke on, outside Location Oblique
uka above Location Oblique
pelo below Location Oblique
fi away from Movement from Oblique
kifi out of Movement from Oblique
kefi from the top of Movement from Oblique
pelofi down/down from Movement from Oblique
ukafi up from Movement from Oblique
fa towards Movement towards Oblique
kifa into Movement towards Oblique
kefa onto Movement towards Oblique
ukafa up to Movement towards Oblique
pelofa down to Movement towards Oblique
fo to, for Indirect Object Oblique
vu of Possession Oblique
ku with who/what you're with, thing used to do something Oblique

Numerals[edit | edit source]

This language has a base 6 number system.

Akəla English Word Combination Sound Changes Notes
senal (base 6) decimal

(base 10

za 0 0
re 1 1
ti 2 2
xa 3 3
ne 4 4
le 5 5
rozu 10 6
roro 11 7
rota 12 8
roxa 13 9
rone 14 10
role 15 11
tazu 20 12
taro 21 13
tata 22 14
taxa 23 15
tane 24 16
tale 25 17
30 18
31 19
32 20
33 21
34 22
35 23
40 24
41 25
42 26
43 27
44 28
45 29
50 30
many

Body[edit | edit source]

Body Parts (Akəla)
ka

veta
ela oko oto oko ela
kano
dasa
anə anə
peño peño
Body Parts (translated)
Head

Hair
Ear Eye Nose Eye Ear
Mouth
Neck and/or Torso
Finger, Hand, and/or Arm Finger, Hand, and/or Arm
Leg, Foot, and/or Toe Leg, Foot, and/or Toe

Colors[edit | edit source]

Akəla Transliteration English Sound Changes
color (of) the sky, the ocean and plants blue, gray, green, purple
color (of) night, darkness black, dark blue, dark gray
color (of) fire and Ora red, orange, yellow, white
color (of) the moon silver
color (of) Fosèna brown, gray, brownish-gray, dark brown

Example text[edit | edit source]

Akəla[edit | edit source]

Eko vetaz vu ni.

Case Translation[edit | edit source]

ingest-1stPresentSg hair-Plural of 1st-Sg.

Transliteration[edit | edit source]

I ingest the hair of I.

Translation[edit | edit source]

I eat my hair.

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