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{{Progress|Modality = 0|Phonology = 100|Words = 40|NounCases = 10}}
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{{Progress|Modality = 0|Phonology = 100|Words = 40|NounCases = 20}}
 
{{Template:LangBox
 
{{Template:LangBox
|Type =
+
|Type =Fusional
 
|Alignment = Nominative-Accusative
 
|Alignment = Nominative-Accusative
 
|Tonal = no
 
|Tonal = no
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|TargetLexiconSize = 250
 
|TargetLexiconSize = 250
 
|Creator = Sgt Haleakala
 
|Creator = Sgt Haleakala
|Name = Akala|Case = yes|Definiteness = no|Gender = no|Voice = no|Mood = no|Person = no|VNumber = yes|Tense = yes|Aspect = no|NounCases = 10}}
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|Name = Akala|Case = yes|Definiteness = no|Gender = no|Voice = no|Mood = no|Person = no|VNumber = yes|Tense = yes|Aspect = no|NounCases = 20}}
 
==Classification and Dialects==
 
==Classification and Dialects==
   
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! colspan="2" |Singular
 
! colspan="2" |Singular
 
! colspan="2" |Plural
 
! colspan="2" |Plural
  +
! rowspan="2" |Use
 
|-
 
|-
 
!ending
 
!ending
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!translation
 
!translation
 
|-
 
|-
!Nominative
+
!Subject
|
+
|-si
|the noun
+
| rowspan="2" |the noun
 
|<nowiki>-ñ</nowiki>
 
|<nowiki>-ñ</nowiki>
|the nouns
+
| rowspan="2" |the nouns
  +
|subject
  +
|-
  +
!Predicate
  +
|<nowiki>-vaz</nowiki>
  +
|<nowiki>-ka</nowiki>
  +
|predicate
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Genitive
 
!Genitive
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|<nowiki>-züna</nowiki>
 
|<nowiki>-züna</nowiki>
 
|of the nouns
 
|of the nouns
  +
|possession
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Dative
 
!Dative
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|<nowiki>-go</nowiki>
 
|<nowiki>-go</nowiki>
 
|to/for the nouns
 
|to/for the nouns
  +
|indirect object
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Accusative
 
!Accusative
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|<nowiki>-ba</nowiki>
 
|<nowiki>-ba</nowiki>
 
|nouns
 
|nouns
  +
|direct object
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Ablative
 
!Ablative
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out of the noun
 
out of the noun
|<nowiki>-mot</nowiki>
+
|<nowiki>-mat</nowiki>
 
|from the nouns
 
|from the nouns
 
out of the nouns
 
out of the nouns
  +
|motion from
  +
|-
  +
!Perlative
  +
|<nowiki>-se</nowiki>
  +
|through the noun
  +
|<nowiki>-mus</nowiki>
  +
|through the nouns
  +
|motion through
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Instrumental
 
!Instrumental
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|<nowiki>-géna</nowiki>
 
|<nowiki>-géna</nowiki>
 
|by means of the nouns
 
|by means of the nouns
  +
|means
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Locative
 
!Locative
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near to the nouns
 
near to the nouns
  +
|location
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Allative
 
!Allative
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as far as the nouns
 
as far as the nouns
  +
|motion to
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Causal
 
!Causal
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|<nowiki>-yu</nowiki>
 
|<nowiki>-yu</nowiki>
 
|because of the noun
 
|because of the noun
  +
|
  +
|-
  +
!Temporal
  +
|<nowiki>-we</nowiki>
  +
|
  +
|<nowiki>-gha</nowiki>
  +
|
  +
|time
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Oblique
 
!Oblique
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|<nowiki>-ker</nowiki>
 
|<nowiki>-ker</nowiki>
 
|concerning the nouns
 
|concerning the nouns
  +
|
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Sociative
 
!Sociative
|<nowiki>-pa</nowiki>
+
|<nowiki>-</nowiki>
 
|with the noun
 
|with the noun
 
|gés
 
|gés
 
|with the nouns
 
|with the nouns
  +
|accompaniment
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Vocative
 
!Vocative
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|<nowiki>-d</nowiki>
 
|<nowiki>-d</nowiki>
 
|o nouns
 
|o nouns
  +
|direct address
 
|}
 
|}
   

Revision as of 18:47, February 21, 2020




Progress 5%
Akala
Type Fusional
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 6%
Statistics
Nouns 5%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 17%
Words 40 of 250
Creator Sgt Haleakala

Classification and Dialects

It is one of the many rich and vibrant languages of the planet Jaalvar, which is known by the Akali tribe as Fonesa. Akala is believed to be a language isolate.


Mythology

Legend has it that the language descended down from the heavens on Creation Day. It was gifted to mortals from Nalakila, the god of languages.

Phonology

Consonants

Labial* Alveolar Palatal Labio-Palatal Velar Labio-Velar Uvular Glottal

Nasal

m n ŋ
Stop Voiceless p t k
Voiced b d g
Fricative

Voiceless

ɸ ~ f s x χ h

Voiced

β ~ v z ɣ
Approximant Medial ɹ** j ɥ ~ ɰ ~ w**
Lateral l**

*Includes Bilabial and Labio-Dental

**Allophonic with similar sounding phonemes

Vowels

Front Near-Front Near-Back Back
Close i u
Near-Close ɪ ʊ
High-Mid e o
Low-Mid ɛ ʌ ɔ
Near-Open æ
Open a

Phonotactics

Two consonants in a row should be avoided.

Writing System

Uppercase Letter Lowercase Letter IPA value Pronunciation of the letter (IPA)
A a a a
Ä ä æ æ
B b b bi
D d d di
E e e e
É é ɛ ɛ
F f ɸ ~ f ɛf
G g g gi
GH gh ɣ ɣi
H h h hei
I i i i
Ï ï ɪ ɪ
K k k kei
KH kh x xei
L l

l

ɛl
M m m ɛm
N n n ɛn
Ñ ñ ŋ ɛŋ
O o o o
Ó ó ɔ ɔ
P p p pi
QH qh χ χi
R r ɹ
S s s ɛs
T t t ti
U u u u
Ü ü ʊ ʊ
Ú ú ʌ ʌ
V v β ~ v vi
W w w wei
Y y j jad
Z z z zi

Grammar

Nouns

Cases

Singular Plural Use
ending translation ending translation
Subject
the noun the nouns subject
Predicate -vaz -ka predicate
Genitive -fó of the noun -züna of the nouns possession
Dative -tisi to/for the noun -go to/for the nouns indirect object
Accusative -k noun -ba nouns direct object
Ablative -khas from the noun

out of the noun

-mat from the nouns

out of the nouns

motion from
Perlative -se through the noun -mus through the nouns motion through
Instrumental -yi by means of the noun -géna by means of the nouns means
Locative -qhé in the noun

on the noun

by the noun

at the noun

under the noun

inside the noun

next to the noun

near to the noun

-ni in the nouns

on the nouns

by the nouns

at the nouns

under the nouns

inside the nouns

next to the nouns

near to the nouns

location
Allative -lus to the noun

onto the noun

into the noun

as far as the noun

-mi to the nouns

onto the nouns

into the nouns

as far as the nouns

motion to
Causal -ma because of the noun -yu because of the noun
Temporal -we -gha time
Oblique -lü concerning the noun -ker concerning the nouns
Sociative -pó with the noun gés with the nouns accompaniment
Vocative -s o noun -d o nouns direct address

Verbs

Conjugations

Singular Plural
Past
Present
Future

Syntax

Akala word order is SVO (Subject Verb Object).

Lexicon

Akala Word

English Word

Part of Speech sound changes
keu

light, pale; solar; yellow, white

Adjective
day, sun, light, sunlight Noun
to brighten, turn pale, shine Verb
si sky Noun
blue, gray Adjective
lo

plant, vegetation

Noun

to plant

Verb
green, brown Adjective
ni in Preposition
le

house, home, habitat, a dwelling

Noun
to dwell Verb
lole treehouse Noun plant + house
akau

song

Noun
To sing Verb
du to give, gift Verb
gift Noun
kesa

water, beverage

Noun
to water (a plant) Verb
lei

dark, black

Adjective
night, darkness Noun
to darken Verb
siwa time Noun
luna

star, nightlight, moon, constellation

Noun dark + light
lunar, stellar Adjective
keulei solar eclipse Noun light+dark
firaluna lunar eclipse Noun fire+moon
ha

food

Noun
kuha to feed Verb give + food d → k
hani to eat Verb

food + in

kesani to drink Verb beverage + in
ojo to smell, stink Verb
smelly Adjective
stench, odor, nose Noun
se to need Verb
a need Noun
seha hunger Noun need + food
sekesa thirst Noun need + water
vakha

speed

Noun
quick, fast Adjective
quickly Adverb
to hurry Verb
simai ear Noun
To listen, hear Verb
kano

speech

Noun

to talk, converse, have a conversation

Verb
amo

love

Noun

to love Verb
ci permission Noun

to allow, let, enable, give permission

Verb
adi non-cute animal Noun
loli cute animal Noun
cute Adjective
miu cute animal noise (meow, woof) Noun
ka mind, head Noun

main, leading

Adjective
to control, steer, rule, lead Verb
oko eyes Noun
to look, see Verb
ocular Adjective
fira flame Noun
to light (on fire) Verb
red, orange; flammable Adjective
hikalo any part of a plant that is edible Noun food + plant
lohika fertilizer, anything a plant needs to live Noun plant + food
hiero hatred Noun
to hate, despise Verb
osi object, thing Noun
raqha bad, evil, foul, terrible, dirty, corrupt, toxic, crazy, drunk, psychotic, awful Adjective
to dirty, turn evil, corrupt, intoxicate, foul Verb
evil, devil, demon, dirt, filth, pollution, disease, poison, lunatic Noun
makes a word derogatory Particle
seda good, just Adjective

good, angel

Noun
firasi sunrise, sunset Noun fire + sky
heño toe, foot, leg; a walk Noun
to walk Verb
añe finger, hand, arm Noun

Example text

Akala:

Hele hani hak. Hele kesani kesak.


Transliteration:

I food in food. I water in water.


Translation:

I eat food. I drink water.

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