Akih
Aqačjä
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Ergative/Transitive
Head direction
Final
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
n/a
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General information[edit | edit source]

Akih is an Akaric language.

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Akih has ten vowels distributed more or less evenly in the vowel space. Normally they aren't distinguished by quantity: all differences stem from vowel quality.

Front Central Back
High i (i) ɨ (y) ʉ (w) u (u)
Mid ɛ (ë) ɜ (e) ɔ (o)
Low æ (ä) a (a) ɒ (å)

Vowels in Akih have something that resembles tone. Each vowel can either have a normal or low tone. The actual realisation of these tones is more akin to modal/breathy (interchangeable) and creaky voice, respectively. In isolation, when applied to /a/, they can be transcribed in the IPA as: [a̤] (normal) vs. [a̰] (low).
Tone isn't usually written in regular text. Normal tone is implied; low tone can be written with either a superscript pharyngeal fricative or just an apostrophe (either <> or <a'>).
Low tone rarely occurs in syllables that have both an initial and final consonant.

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Labial Dentialveolar Retroflex Velar Uvular Glottal
Plosive Tenuis t (t) ʈ (ṭ)
ʈʂ (č)
k (k) q (q) ʔ (x)
Glottalised ʈʼ (ṭ')
ʈʂʼ (č')
 (k')  (q')
Fricative s (s) ʂ (š) x (h)
Liquid v (v) r (r) ɽ (ṛ) j (j)

Glottalisation is neutralised word-finally.

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Akih has some elementary rules that govern word shape:

  • Consonant clusters can at most be made up of two consonants.
  • Initial and final geminate plosives are disallowed
  • No glottalised plosive except for /ʔ/ can precede consonants

Morphology[edit | edit source]

Nouns[edit | edit source]

Nouns in Akih inflect for several categories:

  1. Case
  2. Number
  3. Definitess and Proximity

Pronouns[edit | edit source]

Verbs and Adjectives[edit | edit source]

Syntax[edit | edit source]

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]

Example text[edit | edit source]

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