|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
General information[edit | edit source]
Akih is an Akaric language.
Phonology[edit | edit source]
Vowels[edit | edit source]
Akih has ten vowels distributed more or less evenly in the vowel space. Normally they aren't distinguished by quantity: all differences stem from vowel quality.
|High||i (i)||ɨ (y)||ʉ (w)||u (u)|
|Mid||ɛ (ë)||ɜ (e)||ɔ (o)|
|Low||æ (ä)||a (a)||ɒ (å)|
Vowels in Akih have something that resembles tone. Each vowel can either have a normal or low tone. The actual realisation of these tones is more akin to modal/breathy (interchangeable) and creaky voice, respectively. In isolation, when applied to /a/, they can be transcribed in the IPA as: [a̤] (normal) vs. [a̰] (low).
Tone isn't usually written in regular text. Normal tone is implied; low tone can be written with either a superscript pharyngeal fricative or just an apostrophe (either <aˤ> or <a'>).
Low tone rarely occurs in syllables that have both an initial and final consonant.
Consonants[edit | edit source]
|Plosive||Tenuis||t (t)||ʈ (ṭ)
|k (k)||q (q)||ʔ (x)|
|kʼ (k')||qʼ (q')|
|Fricative||s (s)||ʂ (š)||x (h)|
|Liquid||v (v)||r (r)||ɽ (ṛ)||j (j)|
Glottalisation is neutralised word-finally.
Phonotactics[edit | edit source]
Akih has some elementary rules that govern word shape:
- Consonant clusters can at most be made up of two consonants.
- Initial and final geminate plosives are disallowed
- No glottalised plosive except for /ʔ/ can precede consonants
Morphology[edit | edit source]
Nouns[edit | edit source]
Nouns in Akih inflect for several categories:
- Definitess and Proximity