Akih
Aqačjä
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Ergative/Transitive
Head direction
Final
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General information[edit | edit source]

Akih is an Akaric language.

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Akih has ten vowels distributed more or less evenly in the vowel space. Normally they aren't distinguished by quantity: all differences stem from vowel quality.

Front Central Back
High i (i) ɨ (y) ʉ (w) u (u)
Mid ɛ (ë) ɜ (e) ɔ (o)
Low æ (ä) a (a) ɒ (å)

Vowels in Akih have something that resembles tone. Each vowel can either have a normal or low tone. The actual realisation of these tones is more akin to modal/breathy (interchangeable) and creaky voice, respectively. In isolation, when applied to /a/, they can be transcribed in the IPA as: [a̤] (normal) vs. [a̰] (low).
Tone isn't usually written in regular text. Normal tone is implied; low tone can be written with either a superscript pharyngeal fricative or just an apostrophe (either <> or <a'>).
Low tone rarely occurs in syllables that have both an initial and final consonant.

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Labial Dentialveolar Retroflex Velar Uvular Glottal
Plosive Tenuis t (t) ʈ (ṭ)
ʈʂ (č)
k (k) q (q) ʔ (x)
Glottalised ʈʼ (ṭ')
ʈʂʼ (č')
 (k')  (q')
Fricative s (s) ʂ (š) x (h)
Liquid v (v) r (r) ɽ (ṛ) j (j)

Glottalisation is neutralised word-finally.

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Akih has some elementary rules that govern word shape:

  • Consonant clusters can at most be made up of two consonants.
  • Initial and final geminate plosives are disallowed
  • No glottalised plosive except for /ʔ/ can precede consonants

Morphology[edit | edit source]

Nouns[edit | edit source]

Nouns in Akih inflect for several categories:

  1. Case
  2. Number
  3. Definitess and Proximity

Pronouns[edit | edit source]

Verbs and Adjectives[edit | edit source]

Syntax[edit | edit source]

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]

Example text[edit | edit source]

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