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Phonology

Consonants

Bilabial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Stop p b t d k g
Affricate ts dz
Fricative ɸ β s z x h
Trill r
Lateral Approximate l

Vowels

Front Back
High i u
Mid-high e o
Low a

Phonotactics

All vowels can be lengthened and all consonants can be geminated. These features are shown in the orthography by double letters.

All fricatives except /h/ become approximates when syllable final.

Syllables follow a (C)V(C) structure, with only stops, nasals and the trill /r/ permitted in the rime.

No stress accent.

Female speakers place a rising tone on all syllables except final syllable, which is given a falling tone. Male speakers do the opposite, placing a falling tone on all syllables except the last, which is given a rising tone. Monosyllabic words are given no tone.

Grammar

SVO(V2O2) word order.

Adjectives are placed before the words they describe, and can describe nouns, verbs, or other adjectives.

All clauses are preceded by the particle fid. Noun, verb and adjective clauses are all permitted, with one word in any clause able to be 'highlighted' by the prefix gu-, which has the same function as the English particles that, which and who in the sentences

It was the one that he saw yesterday.

The red car which he drove was parked outside.

and

The man who pruned my garden laughed.

Gender given by prefixes fu- (feminine), da- (masculine) and er- (neuter). These can be placed on nouns and pronouns only.

All nouns and pronouns are naturally singular unless inflected.

Plurality is given by superfix which renders all vowels in a word voiceless. This is represented in the orthography by an apostrophe before a word. Voiceless vowels are not given full phonemic status. When placed on a verb, this superfix indicates a repeated action. Adjectives cannot be pluralised.

Apart from plurality, there are no grammatical structures that denote number in Alandabor. Numbers (both cardinal and ordinal) are represented by nouns. The noun ri, for example, represents the concept of 'thirdness'.

Person can be given to both nouns and pronouns, by the preceding particles gai (first), li (second) and kic (third).

Only a single pronoun is used, kaer, which can be given gender, plurality and/or person by the affixes and other modifying structures listed above.

If a noun or pronoun is not given a particular gender or person, these aspects of it are considered unspecified.

Dictionary

Nouns

-People

adolescent nipa
adult koto
aunt/uncle rae
child kir
daughter/son maku
grandparent orote
hunter/forager bilu
parent nol
provincial ruler kaireu
ruler cac
sibling notokta
warrior tsagra

-Animals

anemone riipo
barnacle kusa
bat nae
bird roi
cat naka
chicken orac
cow tipe
crab eeko
crayfish; lobster cactabua
deer irlo
dog aabu
dolphin rabafa
donkey vu
duck aro
eel; snake; worm fidza
ferret nokuo
fish taescu
frog nasca
horse or
insect bit
lizard; newt hoka
mouse inubo
octopus tsa
pelican iru
pig kli
rabbit gof
rat rin
shark adza
scorpion aeru
spider karope
squid mii
tortoise; turtle aeka
whale fivudzu

The Natural World

air nosca
ash bi
beach; coast noraka
bracken ostaba
bush; shrub go
cave hire
charcoal nau
clearing (in a forest) oabaa
cliff rik
cloud dabu
creek; stream dzak
darkness toso
daytime sky fiko
desert aramaki
echo suhu
evening sky blara
fire tiho
hill air
ice urka
lake blis
lava otoma
leaf fuika
light asi
lightning catseu
log roa
moon nohaki
mountain hoaa
mushroom tsakiho
night sky sifkac
ocean; sea rue
pool nauomi
reflection dza
river tubi
rock; stone ama
sand crit
shadow doba
smoke fivro
snow ascu
snowfield doraekti
star amm
stick shibekta
sun ro
thunder auts
tree kasalo
tree stump riike
volcano vaen
water usa
waterfall idzopki
wave rua

-Man Made Objects

arrow norom
axe kidd
bit (horse tack) nnukla
blade tsatsaa
board; beam hurk
bow uu
bowl; pot aramfi
breastplate tsarlog
browband (horse tack) giool
building parakfa
ceiling; roof niu
chair haikk
cheek piece (horse tack) fivee
carriage norap
cart hitente
carved wood dzuuba
club kaliogga
cut wood atseu
crossbow bubra
dagger; knife hass
fireplace; furnace; stove hirumno
flap (horse tack) ranimo
gauntlet issu
girth (horse tack) banasku
grindstone inekkso
hammer aribot
handle; hilt iss
hat but
hauberk ainn
headstall (horse tack) urek
helmet badaktra
house tsaf
ingot unbo
jug basi
leather kui
leathers (horse tack) umgall
mace hufadziul
martingale (horse tack) utsetse
metal magul
metal disk gaespu
nail hii
nose band (horse tack) orka
pants gihakapp
pitchfork; trident ggiorda
pole harnu
pommel (of weapon) kiua
prowlgrin daroko
quiver sauu
rein tioo
saddle ascuppa
shield girredon
shirt taesu
shoe bbi
spear kus
spoon; ladle rapi
staff ttor
stirrup gierna
sword gaski
table lic
throatlatch (horse tack) dobo
undergarment ac
wall nipuru
wheel saua
whip his
wooden disk hunanda
wristguard bru

-Anatomy

back of hand; top of foot kippa
blood guu
bone siue
ear ssaa
eye bbi
eyebrow ure
eyelash akusa
fat tso
finger hibi
fingernail; toenail iar
forearm so
hair orni
head amm
heart usak
heel dzebeto
inside of mouth riddo
intestines irupe
joint asu
lip basa
liver kolia
lower leg haif
lung sapu
mouth (opening) tsikk
muscle hanasa
naval dzorie
neck bumakra
nose zo
organ ani
palm of hand; sole of foot hugoso
roof of mouth kaidzeul
skeleton kaa
spleen uum
stomach (organ) iak
thigh sakuka
throat; windpipe; oesophagus dziarbo
toe ma
tongue hia
torso iubo
upper arm isese
vein; artery kazo

-Psychological

admiration oko
ambition; desire sibaa
anger torho
belief in something inusa
belief that something is likely sidende
bravery osorki
compassion; love vaefu
confusion tsikeka
cowardice hadzu
disbelief oniitso
doubt dzae
dread os
dream (while asleep) hiap
eagerness oudzie
envy; jealousy braeduk
fear isuuma
happiness; joy kalo
hatred ggiur
indifference isonde
knowledge badoi
laziness dziuppeu
sadness fookke
self pity ariom
uncertainty caszat
understanding fosaezi
waking state tsi

-Shapes

circle paesu
cone paesupp
cube coza
cylinder taerue
dome hisott
polygon with five or more sides purar
rectangle basaku
rectangle based pyramid hidzo
rectangular prism aerosa
semicircle giokto
semicircular prism gio
sphere ggapaes
square basak
square based prism bas
triangle ciku
triangle or square based pyramid cikupp
triangle with a five or greater sided base rara
triangular prism cik

-Numbers

Cardinal Ordinal
zero baa aab*
one ropo roop
two sasci sasic
three kibbe kiebb
four gazu gauz
five ripa riap
many dzabo dzaob
all tesu teus*
infinity kasu kaus*

*These words are only used metaphorically, poetically or in philosophical writings, and are of no practical value in everyday life.

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