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alpanlandic
Ælpandic
Type
fusional
Alignment
fluid-s
Head direction
intial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



Alper flag.png

General information[edit | edit source]

Alpanlandic is a South Germanic language which has been spoken in the Alps for thousands of years, isolated from other languages, remaining archaic and going through strange sound shifts. Its grammar also shifted to include dynamic and stative verbs as well as fluid-S alignment. It remained untouched by other languages until French-speaking missionaries in the 14th century converted the Alpanlanders to Christianity, when they borrowed religious words from Latin and French; they also traded with Basques and Germans, meaning that business words are primarily from Basque and German. Alpies (as they are known colloquially) tend to be herders and pastoralists as well as fur trappers.

Germanic languages.png

The dialects are three dialects. North Alpanlandic is spoken in Germany and Switzerland, which is influenced the most by modern German and Swiss German. West Alpanlandic, which is spoken in Switzerland and France and is the main dialect. Its loanwords come from French, Rumansh and Swiss German; for unknown reasons there are some Caucasian influences (Chechen and Circassian, mainly). Additionally, the grammar is more agglutinative. Central Alpanlandic is the most archaic dialect and its speakers are very isolated; it is here that its relationship with other Germanic languages, including English, Dutch, Icelandic, German and Gothic, is strongest.

Alplandic language.png
Alpanlandic English Dutch Icelandic Gothic
1 eme [m]
ama [f]
ema [a]
ame [ia]
one een einn (m)
ein (f)
eitt (n)
ains
2 tshuo two twee tveir (m)
tvær (f)
tvö (n)
twai
3 pfar three drie þrír (m)
þrjár (f)
þrjú (n)
þreis
4 þrattar four vier fjórir (m)
fjórar (f)
fjögur (n)
5 besch/vesch five vijf
6 acha six zes
7 plaþ seven zeven
8 auchat eight acht
9 nånå nine negen
10 ðochok ten tien

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal [m̥] m n [n]
Plosive p [p] [bⁿ] b [t̪] t [d̪ⁿ] d k ɡⁿ
Fricative [ɸ] f θ ð [ɕ] sch ʝ
Affricate [pf] pf t̪s̪ d̪z̪ⁿ [tɕ] tsch kx
Approximant w̥ [w] ɹ [j] 
Trill
Flap or tap 1[ɾ̥]
Lateral app l̥ʰ
Lateral afr.
Lateral flap ʎ̯
  • 1] ɾ̥ is an allophone of r̥ it is used in quick speech after ⱱ, t̪, d̪ⁿ
  • 2] ʡ is an allophone of k in some dialects
  • 3] ʜ is used in some dialects as well

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y ɨ ɯ
Near-close
Close-mid ø ɤ o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ œ
Near-open æ ɐ [voiceless]
Open ä
Diphthongs closing close opening
close component front æi̯ øy̯ [iə] yi̯ yø̯
close component open ɑi̯ [ai] ɑu̯ ou̯ oi̯ ui̯ uo̯

Alphabet[edit | edit source]

Alplandic runes.png

These are the Alpine runes. They are descendent from Old Turkic.

A a Å å Æ æ B b D d Ð ð E e Ë ë f þ ȝ Ȝ G g h I i j
ä ɐ æ bⁿ d̪ⁿ ð ɛ ə ɸ θ ʀⁿ ɡⁿ i ɨ ʝ
Alpine vowels.png

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

CCCVCCC  CVC CCV VCC CCV CCVC CCCV are the main syllable types. For example the word for strength sðrampta, son sin, tower Trau.


Grammar[edit | edit source]

Nouns[edit | edit source]

There are 10 noun cases and 4 to 3 genders. There also articles.

Cases must agree with the gender. There are more cases than in most Indo-European languages and the cases are sort of agglutinative. 

number
singular unmarked
double oir
triple oirn
quadruple aun
plural en
Case Masculine Femine Inanimate
Nominative/Ergative unmarked
sin
son

ðochtæ
daughter
-o
tschøno
stone
Accusative/Absolutive -u 
sinu
-y
ðochty
-ej
stønej
Genitve -t -d -n
Ablative -p -i -oj
Locative -ch -s
Allative -au -ui -s
Benefective -v -h -ch
Instrumental -v -p
Vocative -yi -yo -au

Articles must agree with gender and number.

Nominative Accusative Vocative Other Cases
Masculine llei el lloi le
Feminine llai ail llau la
Inanimate tai tei toi tou
Pronouns
1sm 1sf 1p common 1p polite 2sm common 2sm polite 2sf polite 2sf common 2p 3sm 3sf 3p
Nominative oisch aisch woi nau oiou vooi voai aiou vos yoi yai
Accusative oitsch aitsch voi nu oioo wooi woai aioo wos lloi
Vocative oich aich foi noo oiuo fooi foai aiuo fos joi
Locative oigh aigh pfoi nuo oiui pfooi pfoai aiui pfos gnoi
Benefective oij aij boi nou oier booi boai aier bos u'oi

The pronouns for animals and inanimates were lost during the 1300s.

There are four genders which work entirely semantically and are unmarked unless it is very specific to mark them, otherwise gender is just shown through agreement.

Masculine Feminine Animal Inanimate
oi ai ei uy

Verbs[edit | edit source]

The verbs are complex and they often incorporate benefactive and instrumental nouns.

The verbs conjugate for tense and aspect. This is a table of how it works, for example the word for walk Ȝanaga.

far future future near presenet present near past past remote past ancestrel past fictional negative 
type 1 aorist oz os eich ach ach ag ey eg ar ay
type 2 imperfect ot oth eit at ad ad ed et ek eich
type 3 simple ogh ok eik ai ak ath egh etsch esch ef
type 4 complete eid eig eipf apf apf adh ev eb epf es
type 5 habitual/continuative
can also be gnomic
eih eis eij aj af agh ez eh em en
type 6 progressive eiv eitsch eisch asch atsch ajr aik aih aim ain
mood infex
conditional aka
normal eche or unmarked speakers preference
interrorgative ojo
commandive ailei
probable alla
verb modifiers
-ad terms into adverb
mutate final consonant or final vowel turns into semi vowel more can be used as comprative
mutate initial  less than

Adjectives[edit | edit source]

Adjectives agree with case only. Adjectives come before the noun or after the noun. 


Syntax[edit | edit source]

SOV

Transitive sentence:
The man walked to the house.
[the masculine man nominative masculine  the inanimate house accusative walk past tense perfect]
Ta manoi þa hoischuyej pfweind.


Vocabulary[edit | edit source]

The vocabulary primarily comes from Proto-Germanic and French.

Example text[edit | edit source]

Here is a version of the song De La Rey by Afrikaans singer Block van Blerk but for the triumphs of the Alpanlander freedom fighter who fought a guerilla rule against the forces of Italy during World War 2.

Op 'n berg in die nag.
Woi schos oskarabasej pfecheoiach uta apecheraatach. We lie in the darkness and wait. Ê ons in die donker en wag.
In the mud and blood, I lie cold, In die modder en bloed
Grain bag and rain cling to me Lê 'n kind streepsak en teen my
Alpanlandic  English Afrikaans  
daon þau baarghuys schos þa nuituys On a mountain in the night Op 'n berg in die nag
woi schos oskarabasej pfecheoiach uta apecheraatach we lie in the darkness and wait lê ons in die donker en wag 
schos maaduys uta sanks, oisch coschaj footre. recheino uta sac-tsand in the mud and the blood I lie cold. rain and sandbag cling to me in die modder en bloed lê 'n kind streepsak en teen my
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