introduction[edit | edit source]
Amerilang is a conlang made by me, made to function as an auxlang (though it'll probably never gain popularity), and therefore be simple to learn. its lexicon is derived from English, Spanish, Chinese, French, and Tagalog, the 5 most spoken languages in the US, and it's grammar was somewhat inspired by Esperanto.
Phonology & orthography[edit | edit source]
Consonants[edit | edit source]
|nasal||m||n||ɲ <ny>||ŋ <gn~n>|
|stop||p b||t d||k <c~k> g|
|fricative||s||ʃ <sh>||x~h <h>|
- /n/ can become /ŋ/ before /k g/.
- /r~ɾ~ɻ/ and /x~h/ are interchangeable, depending on what the speaker is more comfortable with.
vowels[edit | edit source]
grammar[edit | edit source]
word order & syntax[edit | edit source]
Amerilang is a strict SVO adjective-noun language. questions can be formed by placing an interrogative pronoun (see below) at the beginning of a sentence, like in English.
Amerilang has simple, Esperanto-like morphology, only inclining for number in nouns and case in verbs.
nouns[edit | edit source]
There are no genders or cases in Amerilang, but there are numbers and articles.
Number can either be marked with “-s” or “-as,” depending on whether the plural word normally ends in a consonant or a vowel.
Imoshen (emotion) > imoshenas (emotions)
Coche (car) > coches (cars)
There is only a definite article, that being “de.”
For nouns related to work, it is structured more as a compound, built as “(person) of (object related to job).” for example, “butcher” is “hombre av karne,” meaning “man of meat.”
pronouns[edit | edit source]
There are three types of pronouns: personal, interrogative and demonstrative.
Personal[edit | edit source]
1st singular: mwa
1st plural: nu
2nd singular: tu
2nd plural: vutu
3rd singular: el
3rd plural: ela
Personal pronouns can also be used to mark possession.
Interrogative[edit | edit source]
These are placed at the start of a sentence, before the subject.
When: kalan (can also stand for ‘if’)
Demonstrative[edit | edit source]
verbs[edit | edit source]
There are three verb endings, each standing for tense: “-as” for present, “-es” for past, and “-os” for future.
Mwa comeras; I eat
Mwa comeres; I ate
Mwa comeros; I will eat
Verbs become negated when following “no.” verbs can also become passive using the copula verb “shikas,” meaning “to be.”
Another use of copula verbs is the verb “avas,” meaning “to have,” which can be used to form a perfective verb.
Mwa avas comeras; I have eaten.
adjectives & adverbs[edit | edit source]
Adjectives are derived from nouns, and adverbs from verbs, using the roots “-(a)hos” and “-(a)li” respectively.
Karne (meat) > karnehos (meaty)
Comeras (to eat) > comerasali (hungrily)
prepositions[edit | edit source]
Of, from: av
In, inside of, at: sa
For, to: fo
vocabulary[edit | edit source]
colors[edit | edit source]
numbers[edit | edit source]
1,000,000: milon `
phrases[edit | edit source]
How are you: pano tu?
What is your name?: ano tu nem?