Progress 20%
Ancient Va'aini
Quūvarānī
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Ergative-Absolutive
Head direction
Final
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General information[edit | edit source]

The first written language in all of Nirūnei, it was made by the Laivanī of Va'ainū and used an alphabet reminiscent of Semitic scripts, representing only consonants. It is highly agglutinative (sorry, gave up on making it polysynthetic. It's..close though), compared to more analytical languages like English, or fusional languages such as Latin or Greek.

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Labial Alveolar Post-alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m

n

Plosive

p, b t, d

g, gu, c, qu

'

Fricative f, v

s, z

š h
Affricate

č

Approximant

l

Trill

r

Notice: There are much more consonants than before. This is because I have made the switch so that vowels are not written, so I needed more consonants so that words could be more distinct.

Related Consonants[edit | edit source]

Some consonants are very phonetically similar and were represented by the same letter in the Quūvarānī alphabet, only with a bar above to distinguish one from the other. For the most part, this is for voiced versus unvoiced, however there are a few exceptions. The alphabet chart explains which consonants are related and which is "dominant" (dominant consonants have the bar over them.)

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close ī ū
Near-close i u
Close-mid e o
Mid
Open-mid ē
Near-open
Open a/ā

The only diphthongs are "ou" (which is the only way the letter is ever used) "ei" and "ai." NB: the diphthong "ou" is written "ō" and pronounced as in "oh."

All vowels can be lengthened by adding a macron. For most vowels, the pronunciation changes as well as the time it is held, except for a, which is simply held longer.

Alphabet[edit | edit source]

Letter Name Dominant Consonant Non-Dominant Consonant
Malācū.png
Malācū m n
Pilāgei.png
Pilāgei p b
Taremī.png
Taremī t d
Curešī.png
Curešī c g
Qualeimā.png
Qualeimā qu gu
Falāca.png
Falāca f v
Sirūlī.png
Sirūlī s z
Čilāquei.png
Čīlaquei č š
'arešī.png
'arešī ' h
Lesīla.png
Lešīla l r

Beneath is the entire Quūvarānī alphabet in four possible combinations: the first row features non-dominant consonants with short vowels, the second dominant consonants with short vowels, the third non-dominant with long vowels or diphthongs, and the last dominant consonants with long vowels or diphthongs. Note that though vowels are not indicated orthographically, whether or not they are long (diphthongs are considered long) is, to help with pronunciation of stress.

Ancient Va'aini.png

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Quūvarani has a very simple set of phonotactics due to its alphabet, with a strict CVCV... pattern with no method of deviation. This is helpful because of the fact that vowels were not indicated orthographically.

Grammar[edit | edit source]

Quūvarānī is a heavily agglutinative language, so where in English where we would use multiple prepositions, adverbs, particles and infinitives, Quūvarānī would often have a verb mood or noun case to express it in one word (especially where in English a verb often takes an infinitive, and when prepositions are used)



Cases[edit | edit source]

Case Ending English Example Grammatical Usage 

Ergative

None (default) hit him. Subject of transitive verb
Absolutive -qua

am well/ he hit me

Subject of intransitive verb/

Direct object

Dative

-ga I give a gift to you Indirect object

Genitive

-nī His dog Possession

Descriptive

-lī

Made of/ some of/ about

Partitive, Quantitive

Allative

-rō I walk to the store Place to

Pre-Proximative

-'ōrī

I am in front of him

Place where in relation to

Post-Proximative

-'ōvē

I am behind him

Place where in relation to

Proximitive

-'ō

I am near him

Place where in relation to

Locative

-tō I am at the store Place where

Ablative

-šō

I am walking from the

store

Place from

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]


No. English Quūvarānī
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47cat
48dog
49louse
50snake
51worm
52tree
53forest
54stick
55fruit
56seed
57leaf
58root
59bark
60flower
61grass
62rope
63skin
64meat
65blood
66bone
67fat
68egg
69horn
70tail
71feather
72hair
73head
74ear
75eye
76nose
77mouth
78tooth
79tongue
80fingernail
81foot
82leg
83knee
84hand
85wing
86belly
87guts
88neck
89back
90breast
91heart
92liver
93drink
94eat
95bite
96suck
97spit
98vomit
99blow
100breathe
101laugh
102see
103hear
104know
105think
106smell
107fear
108sleep
109live
110die
111kill
112fight
113hunt
114hit
115cut
116split
117stab
118scratch
119dig
120swim
121fly
122walk
123come
124lie
125sit
126stand
127turn
128fall
129give
130hold
131squeeze
132rub
133wash
134wipe
135pull
136push
137throw
138tie
139sew
140count
141say
142sing
143play
144float
145flow
146freeze
147swell
148sun
149moon
150star
151water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
160earthCālōcī (earth) Nirūnei (planet)
161cloud
162fog
163sky
164wind
165snow
166ice
167smoke
168fire
169ash
170burn
171road
172mountain
173red
174green
175yellow
176white
177black
178night
179day
180year
181warm
182cold
183full
184new
185old
186good
187bad
188rotten
189dirty
190straight
191round
192sharp
193dull
194smooth
195wet
196dry
197correct
198near
199far
200right
201left
202at
203in
204with
205and
206if
207because
208name


Example text[edit | edit source]

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.