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Aninara
Aninara
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Tripartite
Head direction Head-Final
Tonal Yes
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Statistics
Nouns Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Verbs Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Adjectives Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

New Conlang. Just starting out!

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal
Plosive
Fricative
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High
Near-high
High-mid
Mid
Low-mid
Near-low
Low

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound

SyntaxEdit

Nouns Edit

Nouns are highly agglutinative.

Number Edit

All Aninara nouns are technically uncountable mass nouns and do not inflect for number; instead, they agglutinate with classifiers--measure words--to express number. The most common measure words are /he/, which roughly means "a unit, an individual," and /ce/, "a group." Hence, singulars and plurals would usually present themselves in the form of "one unit of (noun)" or "one group of (noun)". Though quite different from English plurals, this concept is not totally alien; for example, phrases such as "one head of cattle" and "one piece of advice" exist in English also.

Indefinite - A word on its own
Word Ani Buga Astur
Gloss human clothing water
Meaning "Humans in general, the abstract concept of humanity" "Clothing in general" "Water in general"
Singular: Word+Classifier (-ha, -hi)
Word Aniha Bugahi Astur'i
Gloss human-unit clothing-unit water-unit
Meaning "A person" lit. "One unit of human" "An item of clothing", "One unit of clothing" "One body of water", lit. "One unit of water"
Countable: Word+Number+Classifier (-ha, -hi)
Word Anisam'i Bugasam'i Astursam'i
Gloss human-three-unit clothing-three-unit water-three-unit
Meaning "Three people" lit. "Three units of human" "Three items of clothing" "Three bodies of water" lit. "Three units of water"
Plural: Word+Classifier (-ca, -ci)
Word Anica Bugaci Asturci
Gloss human-group clothes-group water-group
Meaning "People" lit. "A group of humans" "Clothes" lit. "A bunch of clothing" "A group of several bodies of water"
Countable Plural: Word+Number+Classifier (-ca, -ci)
Word Anisamci Bugasamci Astursamci
Gloss human-three-group clothes-three-group water-three-group
Meaning "Three groups of people" "Three bundles of clothes" "Three groups of water"


Demonstratives Edit

Demonstratives precede the classifier.

Distal demonstrative "That"
Word Aninahi Buganahi Asturnahi
Gloss human-that-unit clothes-that-unit water-that-unit
Meaning "That person" lit. "That unit of human" "That item of clothing" "That body of water"
Proximal demonstrative "this"
Word Anitahi Bugatahi Asturtahi
Gloss human-this-unit clothes-this-unit water-this-unit
Meaning "This person" "This item of clothing" "This body of water"

Case Edit

Aninara nouns do not inherently inflect for case; instead, they agglutinate with postpositions to express case. If a classifier exists, it is attached after the classifier.

Case Article Example
Topical/Intransitive -∅, -ya
Nominative: the one who is performing the action -ra -ga
This man kills that animal
Accusative: the one to whom the action is being done -re -ge
That animal kills this man.
Genitive: the possessor -ri -gi
The man's cat.
Instrumental: by means of -ru -gu
Dative/Lative: to whom -ni -nu -nege
Locative: at whence -ta -te
Ablative: from whence -la
Comitative: with whom -nam -nim

Verbs Edit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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