Summary[edit | edit source]

Anstlin
Áslaist
Type Fusional | Agglutinative
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Three
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Statistics
Nouns Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Verbs Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Adjectives Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Syntax Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Words yes of 10000
Creator PixelatedRetro

The Anstlin Language was created on September 24th, 2020. The main goal for this language is to be as foreign with vocabulary as possible, but still easy to maintain and use.

Classification and Dialects[edit | edit source]

Anstlin is a conlang as the lexicon is made by me.

Currently, there is only one dialect of Anstlin, Common Anstlin. However, I may soon be making other dialects.

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal /m/, /mʲ/ /n/ /ŋ/
Plosive /b/, /bʰ/, /bʲ/, /p/? /d/, /dʰ/, /dʲ/, /t/, /tʰ/, /tʲ/ /c/ /g/, /gʲ/, /k/, /kʰ/, /kʲ/
Fricative /f/, /fʲ/, /fʰ/ /ð/, /ðʲ/, /θ/, /θʰ/, /θʲ/ /s/, /sʰ/, /sʲ/ /ʃ/? /ç/ /ɣ/, /x/ /h/
Affricate /ʧ/, /ʧʰ/, /ʧʲ/
Approximant /w/ /j/
Trill
Flap or tap /ɾ/
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. /l/, /ɫ/
Lateral flap

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i iː, y? u
Near-high ɪ, ʏ ʏː ʊ ʊː
High-mid e, ø
Mid ə, ɵ
Low-mid ɔ ɔː
Near-low æ
Low a ɑ, ɒ

Diphthongs[edit | edit source]

Diphthong oe oi eo ow ea ei
Sound /əi/ /ø/ /ɵ/ /o/ /au/ /eɪ/
Diphthong

iw

aw

yw

Sound [u] [a] [y]

Consonant Clusters[edit | edit source]

Cluster sg bs lh lw hs þh
Sound [sk] [bz]/[ps] [cx] [cw] [xs] [d̪x]
Cluster þs wr gm hl ng st
Sound [θs] [wɾ]/[ʍɾ] [jm] [xl] [ŋ] [st]

Some consonant clusters have different sounds when they are at the ending of a word.

Cluster lw lh gm þh
Sound [cʷ] [cˠ], [cʰ] [ɣm] [d̪ʰ]


Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Anstlin can follow a few patterns within one. The syllable pattern at maximum is CCCVCCC.

Syllable Initial Consonants
First Consonant Middle Consonant Ending Consonant
C r, s, g, h, l, w, m, d, þ, f, c f, c, s, þ, ð, l, g,
CC sþ, þs, sg, bs, hs, hþ, hr, hw, hj, st, lj, mr, sn, wr, sj ll, lh, lw, hþ, sn, md þh, lh, lw, ng, lþ, rþ, lð, rð
CCC str, stj, sgr, sgl, ndl, ndr, mdl, mdr, þsn, rþs, rðs nds, ngs, lhs, þsn, hsn, rsn, þst, rþs, rðs

stjamderðse, hwisnerðsa, þsonýndse, þælwingse, sglenóþste, bsomýþhe

Writing System[edit | edit source]

The writing system is pretty straight forward. It uses the Latin script and uses 25 letters from the script. The purpose of the letter "y" is interesting. The letter "c" in Anstlin makes a soft /ʧ/ sound before soft vowels, which are "e" and "i." "I" makes the sounds /ɪ/ and /i/, and "y" does the same in Anstlin. The "y" is considered as a hard vowel in Anstlin, so the letter "c" before it will make a hard /k/ sound.

Letter A Á Æ Ǽ B C D Ð Þ E É F
Sound /a/ /aː/ /æ/ /æː/ /b/ /k/, /ʧ/ /d/ /ð/ /θ/ /ɛ/, /ə/ /e/ /f/
Letter G H I Í L M N O Ó P R S
Sound /g/, /ɣ/ /h/, /x/ /ɪ/, /i/ /iː/ /l/, /ɫ/ /m/ /n/ /ɔ/ /ɔː/ /p/ /ɾ/ /s/
Letter T U Ú W X Y Ý J
Sound /t/ /ʏ/ /ʏː/ /w/ /ks/ /ɪ/, /i/ /iː/ /j/, /ç/

Grammar[edit | edit source]

Nouns[edit | edit source]

Nouns decline based on gender and case. There are three grammatical genders, masculine, feminine, and neuter. Neuter is used rarely in Anstlin. The neutral form of a noun is its masculine form. The genders are used depending on the genders they associate with. The genders change nouns with a vowel shift, but only the first vowel in the noun changes.

Vowel Backed Fronted
a æ ea
e o i
i ea oe
y ea oe
o u a
u iw? oi?

Masculine nouns stay the same, feminine backs the vowel sound, and neuter fronts the vowel sound.

Masculine Feminine Neuter
Word frin frean froen

If the noun is a compound word, then both or all nouns in that compound word do vowel shifts.

Anstlin has four grammatical cases being nominative, accusative, genitive, and dative. The language has definite and indefinite articles as well, which decline based on gender and case.

Definite Articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nominative wēi wāi wōi
Accusative hwūge hwōi hwā hwea hwea hwī
Genitive hwōð hwēð hwēð hwāð hwīð hwōð
Dative hwūge hwōi hwā hwea hwea hwī

The noun quantities are singular and plural. Declensions are shown below.

First Declension
frin - "sibling" Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter
Quantity Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Case Nominative frine frinei freane freanei froene froenei
Accusative frina frinai freana freanai froena froenai
Genitive frini frineo freani freaneo froeni froeneo
Dative frinu friniw freanu freaniw froenu froeniw


Second Declension
sþá - "rib" Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter
Quantity Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Case Nominative sþáje sþájei sþǽje sþǽjei sþeaje sþeajei
Accusative sþája sþájai sþǽja sþǽjai sþeaja sþeajai
Genitive sþáji sþájeo sþǽji sþǽjeo sþeaji sþeajeo
Dative sþáju sþájiw sþǽju sþǽjiw sþeaju sþeajiw

As seen above, Anstlin has two declensions. Depending on the ending of the root noun, the declension changes.

Compound Words[edit | edit source]

Kinship System
Mother Þælcyne Aunt (Parent's Sister) Þealcyni Freane Daughter Þweane Second Cousin (Once Overcrossed Sibling) Gowsþeme Crygehlésoþise Froene
Father Þalcyne Uncle (Parent's Brother) Þealcyni Frine Son Þwine Fourth Cousin (Three Times Overcrossed Sibling) Férþeme Crygehlésoþise Froene
Brother Frine Female Cousin (Crossed Sister) Hlésoþise Freane Niece (Crossed Daughter) Hlésoþise Þweane First Cousin Twice Removed ()
Sister Freane Male Cousin (Crossed Brother) Hlésoþise Frine Nephew (Crossed Son) Hlésoþise Þwine


Adjectives[edit | edit source]

Adjectives in Anstlin decline based on the noun's ending. However, gender doesn't apply.

Adjective Declension
Adjective Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative
erwinds - "good" Hwe erwindse siþweste Hwe fodwise wyðáse fým he erwindsa siþwesta Helja sgásti sje hleðilmeo siþwestai.
wéft - "mad"
ólð - "sad"
þæ - "dry"
reið - "cold"
þsó - "clean"
hleðilm - fearing

Verbs[edit | edit source]

Verbs do have an infinitive "-yh." They also have conjugation based on the grammatical person.

Ó - I É - You Mí - They Dó/Dé/Dí - He/She/It Sá - We Á - You all Þé - One
rýsþyh - to forget rýsþe rýsþi rýsþow rýsþa rýsþow rýsþiw rýsþaw
sgástyh - to have sgāste sgāsti sgāstow sgāsta sgāstow sgāstiw sgāstaw
cánwyh - to hear cānwe cānwi cānwow cānwa cānwow cānwiw cānwaw
swinyh - to walk swine swini swinow swina swinow swiniw swinaw
þúsnyh - to tell þúsne þúsni þúsnow þúsna þúsnow þúsniw þúsnaw
héþwyh - to speak hēþwe hēþwi hēþwow hēþwa hēþwow hēþwiw hēþwaw
hysnyh - to like hysne hysni hysnow hysna hysnow hysniw hysnaw
sýhðyh - to want sýhðe sýhði sýhðow sýhða sýhðow sýhðiw sýhðaw
djórsyh - to need djōrse djōrsi djōrsow djōrsa djōrsow djōrsiw djōrsaw

Tense[edit | edit source]

Verbs are changed by vowel shifts and endings, just like nouns. Tenses change by vowel shifts, backing the vowel is the past, and fronting it is the future.

3rd Person Singular with (to be: wiðyh) Past Present Future
Simple weasða wisða woesða

Again, only the first vowel changes.

Aspect[edit | edit source]

Verbs also conjugate based on aspect and this is done with fusional endings.

3rd Person Singular with (to be: wiðyh) Past Present Future
Perfective weasðasti wisðasti woesðasti
Simple weasða wisða woesða
Imperfective (Continuous) weasðaswi wisðaswi woesðaswi
Perfective Continuous weasðaswesti wisðaswesti woesðaswesti

Verbs also have a participle and a gerund. The past participle is -oþ, and the present participle is -ilm.

Hwe bsytilme stiwge. - The flying bird. VS Hwe stiwge bsytaswi. - The bird is flying

Hwe þsójoþe broþiste. - The cleaned plate. VS Hwe broþiste wisða þsójoþe - The plate is cleaned.

Verb Mood[edit | edit source]

For verb moods, Anstlin has the following:

  • Conditional: hjere
  • Subjunctive: hym
  • Indicative: fra and "?"
  • Imperative Indicate: lige fra and "?!"
  • Imperative Surprise: lige and "!"
  • Imperative Anger: "lige sne" and "!"
  • Imperative Sadness: "lige deosje" and "!"
  • Should: sinje
  • Could: weaðyh sca
  • Infinitive: -yh
Examples Sentence Sentence
Conditional Hosga hjerse lésðesti OR Hosga windse lésðesti OR Hosga weasðesti sca lésðyh I would have done OR I should have done OR I could have done
Subjunctive Þyn hosga gysn wisðe heljas... If I were you...
Interrogative Fra hosga lésðesti neljas? Have I done it?
Imperative (Interrogate) Lige fra hosga lésðesti neljas?! Have I done it?!
Imperative (Surprise) Lige hosga lésðesti neljas! I have done it!
Imperative (Anger) Lige sne hosga lésðesti neljas! I have done it! (In an angry tone)
Imperative (Sadness) Lige deosje hosga lésðesti neljas! I have done it! (In a sad tone)

Syntax[edit | edit source]

The syntax is pretty basic. Anstlin uses the subject-verb-object (SVO) order and has the adjective-noun order.

Number[edit | edit source]

Cardinal Ordinal Multiplicative Nominal English
Gows Gowsþen Gowsfer 1 One, First, Once
Cys Cysþen Cysfer 2 Two, Second, Twice
Mér Mérþen Mérfer 3 Three, Third, Thrice
Sæl Sælþen Sælfer 4 Four, Fourth, Four Times
Hyl Hylþen Hylfer 5 Five, Fifth, Five Times
Næs Næsþen Næsfer 6 Six, Sixth, Six Times
Hjes Hjesþen Hjesfer 7 Seven, Seventh, Seven Times
Ljás Ljásþen Ljásfer 8 Eight, Eighth, Eight Times
Sás Sásþen Sásfer 9 Nine, Ninth, Nine Times
Wos Wosþen Wosfer 10 Ten, Tenth, Ten Times

Lige hosga sgáste he gowsþena lynwasþa! - I have the first award!

Fra helja glænti neljas cysþena fylasþa? - Did you find it the second time?

Lexicon[edit | edit source]

This is the translator for the straight-up words: https://lingojam.com/anstlin

Here is the name Anstlin in different languages:

English: Anstlin

Anstlin: Háslaiþe

Greek: Ανστλικά (Anstliká)

Russian: Анстлинский (Anstlinskiy)

Amharic: ሃኒሲቲላኒ (Hanīsītīlanī) Arabic: ألانيزيتيلينا (al'Anyzytilina)

German: Änstlenisch

Goidelic Celtic: Ánstlinnach

Brythonic Celtic: Anstlisg

Finnish: Anstlalainen, Anstlai Kieli

Example text[edit | edit source]

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