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Arak language
Arak säq'oot
Type
Polysynthetic
Alignment
Ergative-absolutive
Head direction
Final
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General information[edit | edit source]

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Nasal n /n/ ğ /ŋ/*
Plosive d /d/ g /g/ ğ /ɢ/ ' /ʔ/
t /t/ k /k/ q /q/
t' /t'/ k' /k'/ q' /q'/
Fricative s /s/ sh /ʃ/ x /χ/ ȟ /ʕ/* h /h/
/ħ/
Affricate ts /t͡s/ c /t͡ʃ/ qx /q͡χ/
ts' /t͡s'/ c' /t͡ʃ'/
Approximant r /ɹ/ y /j/ w /ɰ/
Lateral fric. ł /ɬ/
Lateral app. l /l/
Lateral affr. /t͡ɬ/
tł' /t͡ɬ'/
  • This alophone occurs in the middle of the word or finally
  • /ʕ/ is largelly disappearing and merging with the glottal stop /ʔ/. Nowadays, only elder people are able to make the distinction

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front Central Back
Close i /i/ u /u/
Mid e /e̞/ ä /ə/ o /o̞/
Open a /ä/

Alphabet[edit | edit source]

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Grammar[edit | edit source]

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Vocabulary[edit | edit source]


No. English Arak
1Isaan
2you (singular)ğaan
3henih
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7thisedä
8thatudä
9hereełk'i
10thereułk'i
11whosad
12whatcit
13wherenei
14whenşk'ei
15howxutä
16nothira
17all-utaan
18many
19some
20few
21other
22onenis'i
23twoweyok
24threeät'äh
25fourłasa
26fiveqona
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36womankits'i
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)arak
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47cat
48dogqusgun
49louse
50snake
51worm
52tree
53forest
54stick
55fruit
56seed
57leaf
58root
59bark
60flower
61grassqo
62rope
63skin
64meat
65blood
66bone
67fat
68egg
69horn
70tail
71feather
72hair
73head
74ear
75eye
76nose
77mouth
78tooth
79tongue
80fingernail
81foot
82leg
83knee
84hand
85wing
86belly
87guts
88neck
89back
90breast
91heart
92liver
93drink
94eat
95bite
96suck
97spit
98vomit
99blow
100breathe
101laugh
102see
103hear
104know
105think
106smell
107fear
108sleep
109live
110die
111kill
112fight
113hunt
114hit
115cut
116split
117stab
118scratch
119dig
120swim
121fly
122walk
123come
124lie
125sit
126stand
127turn
128fall
129give
130hold
131squeeze
132rub
133wash
134wipe
135pull
136push
137throw
138tie
139sew
140count
141say
142sing
143playt'äłnä
144float
145flow
146freeze
147swell
148sun
149moon
150star
151waterqxa
151rain
152river
153lakenärä
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
160earth
161cloud
162fog
163sky
164wind
165snow
166ice
167smoke
168fire
169ash
170burn
171road
172mountain
173red
174green
175yellow
176white
177black
178night
179day
180year
181warm
182cold
183full
184new
185old
186good
187bad
188rotten
189dirty
190straight
191round
192sharp
193dull
194smooth
195wet
196dry
197correct
198nearnaxa
199farisqä
200right
201left
202at
203in
204with
205and
206if
207because
208nameäsc'äd


Example text[edit | edit source]

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