Aran (pronounced /'eɪr-ɪn/ or /'æˌræn/) is a language created by me, for me, and with the help of me. It may sound a bit like Irish, and although that's what I based the pronunciation on, the grammar was created without inspiration from another language.

Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

Word Stress[edit | edit source]

The primary stress of a word is on the first syllable. If the stress is put on another syllable, the first letter of that syllable is capitalized. For example, the name maRach.

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Aran has long and short vowels, with long ones being indicated by a grave accent over the letter. Some of them are pronounced differently when touching a high or low consonant. If a letter is touching both, the high overpowers the low.

High Consonant[edit | edit source]

Long vowels:[edit | edit source]

  • à - as in say
  • è - e as in ten
  • ì - i as in free
  • ò - as in vote
  • ù - u as in actual

Short vowels:[edit | edit source]

  • a - æ as in cat
  • e - (ə) as in battle or ə as in banana
  • i - ɪ as in sit
  • o - ɔ as in bot
  • u - ʊ as in put

Low Consonant[edit | edit source]

Long vowels:[edit | edit source]

  • à - as in say (same)
  • è - i as in tiny
  • ì - as in fry
  • ò - as in vote (same)
  • ù - u as in actual (same)

Short vowels:[edit | edit source]

  • a - ɑ as in caught
  • e - (ə) as in battle or ə as in banana (same)
  • i - ɪ as in sit (same)
  • o - ɔ as in bot (same)
  • u - ə as in cut (same)

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Aran consonants can change the way vowels are pronounced. They are split into two groups, High consonants and Low consonants.

High Consonants[edit | edit source]

B C D G K P T W Y

Low Consonants[edit | edit source]

F H J L M N R S V

Inflections[edit | edit source]

Plural Words[edit | edit source]

If the last letter is a consonant, the vowel before it is removed. If this is not pronouncable, the vowel is replaced by an è, or an 'i' if the letter is already an è.

Examples[edit | edit source]

tòlèm - tòlm

nìsìn - nìsèn

Gender[edit | edit source]

There are many rules about gender.

  • To show gender, the consonant closest to the middle is changed, or has a letter added before or after it.
  • If there are two consonants touching, this affects both.
  • If the two closest ones are not touching, whichever one is stressed is changed. (If none are stressed, change the first one.)
  • Two consonants that make one sound are treated as one.
  • If the letter added is the same as the one before or after it, remove the letter.
  • If two letters are added before another, whichever one goes directly before is second.
  • All changes are made at the same time. For example, if an M was replaced with R, and a T was added before the M, you would get TR.
  • Multiple changes can be made, such as race and sex.

For example, tòrm, the word for historian.

Sex[edit | edit source]

  • tòm (R added directly before letter) - male
  • tòtfrm (TF added directly before letter) - female

Race[edit | edit source]

  •  (letter replaced with M) - human
  • tòlm (letter replaced with L) - elf
  • tòdm (letter replaced with D) - dwarf
  • tògm (letter replaced with G) - halfling
  • tòcm (letter replaced with C) - orc, goblin, or similar monster

Others[edit | edit source]

  • tòlèm (È added directly after letter) - half human (in this case, half human and elf)

Examples[edit | edit source]

Human male historian - tòrmm - tòr /rtoʊ/

Dwarven female historian - tòtfdm /'toʊθˌd(ə)m/

Orcish male historian - tòrcm /'toʊˌc(ə)m/

Case[edit | edit source]

There is only one change in case in Aran, which I've shown below.

For example, nìsìn, the word for kitten.

  • nìsìtf (last two letters and any vowels directly before them replaced with ìtf) - subject or nominative - the world (is, does, ...)
  • nìsìn (same) - object or accusative - (something affects) the world
  • nìsìn (same) - vocative - O world!
  • nìsìn (same) - possessive or genitive - the world’s
  • nìsìn (same) - indirect object or dative - (given, sold, etc.) to the world
  • nìsìtf (last two letters and any vowels directly before them replaced with ìtf) - ablative - (something is done) by the world

Word Roots[edit | edit source]

In Aran, all words come from roots. The roots are listed below, organised into categories. The roots are one syllable, with very few exceptions.

People[edit | edit source]

tar - male

tùr - female

fèr - human

tìs - elf

dùr - dwarf

hal - halfling

gaì - gnome

drùc - dragon

Colors[edit | edit source]

ac - black

rù - white

ar - grey

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