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Aranchese
Arančilt
Type A priori
Alignment
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator ShiningOrange

Aranchese (in Aranchese "Arančilt" ) is a language spoken in Aranchea (Arančək) by about 8,000,000 people.

It is a Western Laveshian language.

Classification and Dialects[edit | edit source]

Northern Dialects[edit | edit source]

  • Kayrunean Aranchese (Kayru)
  • Suzyan Aranchese (Suzyə)
  • Coastal Aranchese
  • Mêrisian Aranchese (Mêris)

Southern Dialects[edit | edit source]

  • Mutsian Aranchese (Mücyə/Mütsia)
  • Nassaryan Aranchese (Nəssar)

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʒ ʃ ɣ x
Affricate t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ
Approximant j w
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l ʎ
Lateral flap

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High a u
Near-high
High-mid ɛ ɔ
Mid ə
Low-mid e ø o
Near-low
Low i y

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Writing System[edit | edit source]

Letter a - ə b c č d e ê f g h
Sound a - ə b t͡s t͡ʃ ɛ f g h/-
Letter i ĭ j k l ł m n ň o ô ö
Sound i j: ʒ k l ʎ m n ɲ o ɔ ø
Letter p r s š ś t u ü v x y z
Sound p r s ʃ z t u y v x j d͡z
Letter ð þ
Sound ð θ

Grammar[edit | edit source]

Pronouns[edit | edit source]

I You (singular) He/She/It We You (plural) They One (impersonal)
Nom. þə êr ô
Gen. þən vən ên jən hən nean ôn
Acc. þin vön ênn jin hin nin ôni
Dat þata vöta êrta jata hata nata ôta
Caus. þəlen völen êlen jəlen həlen nəlen ôlen
Abl. þinni vinni ênni jinni hinni nimmi ônni
Lat. þanna vanna ênnan janna hanna namma ônnan
Ins. þinti vinti ênti jinti hinti ninti ônti
Loc. þin vin êni jin hin nin ôni

Nouns[edit | edit source]

There are 9 cases: Nominative, Genitive, Accusative, Dative, Causative, Ablative, Lative, Locative-Prepositional and Instrumental.

  • nouns that end in -k can turn into g when a vowel is added in declension, however this is not mandatory in written language, although it is in spoken one.
  • If the suffix starts with s and the root ends with t they merge and become c
  • šeuvet (eagle) > šeuveci (the eagles)
  • Arančək > Arančəge (Aranchea's)

There are three/four declension patterns:

Concrete objects[edit | edit source]

Case Singular form Plural form
Nominative - -(*)r
Nominative definite -(y)ia -(s)i
Genitive -(t)e -(t)el
Accusative -(e)s -(e)s*r
Accusative definite -(e)sin -(e)sinir
Dative -(t)ən -(t)əl
Causative -(*)lən -(*)lək
Ablative -(t)ena -(t)enar
Lative -(t)anen

dative is often used too

-(t)alel
Loc.-prep. -(y)uda -(y)udar
Instrumental þöd(ə)- þöd(ə)- -(*)r

Living beings and food, adjectives (if necessary)[edit | edit source]

Case Singular form Plural form
Nominative - -(*)s
Nominative definite -(y)ai -(s)ti
Genitive -(*)del -(*)dei
Accusative -(h)a -(h)an
Accusative definite -(n)eas -(n)ei
Dative -(t)an -(t)als
Causative -(*)lan -(*)laks
Ablative -(t)ena -(t)enas
Lative -(t)anen

dative is often used too

-(t)ales
Loc.-prep. -(y)utas -(y)udas
Instrumental mi(k)- -(*)de mi(k)- -(*)dei

Concepts, places, materials, abstract things, deities[edit | edit source]

Case Singular form Plural form
Nominative - -i

(replace vowel if final or add)

Nominative definite -(n)ui -(n)uis
Genitive -(t)e -(t)el
Accusative -(*)t -it
Accusative definite -(e)sit -(e)sinit
Dative -(t)an -(t)ab
Causative -(*)lan -(*)lab
Ablative -(t)ena -(t)enar
Lative -(t)alt -(t)als
Loc.-prep. -(y)uda -(y)udas
Instrumental -(a)mit -(a)mitar

Loanwords, substantivated nouns[edit | edit source]

Case Singular form Plural form
Nominative - -(*)s
Nominative definite da(t)- da(t)- -(e)r
Genitive -(u)s (u)ses
Accusative - -(*)s
Accusative definite di(t)- di(t)- -(e)r
Dative -(t)on -(t)ons
Causative -(*)lan -(*)lans
Ablative dut -(u)s dut -(u)ses
Lative dut -(t)on dut -(t)ons
Loc.-prep. dut - dui -(*)s
Instrumental -(a)kon -(a)kons

[*] = vowel harmony, depends on last or first vowel of the word.

If can also be replaced with Causative + ka postpositioned sometimes.

Verbs[edit | edit source]

Verbs tend to conjugate according to both subject and object.

Verb "to be"[edit | edit source]

To make the verb to be with a noun or an adjective you can add the suffix -(n)*l followed by the verb suffix, where * is the last vowel of the word root.

Example: həundulə= I am a dog, wahəundulestakur = I wouldn't want to be a dog

to make it "to become" use the suffix -(d)inêkel(ə)

Həundinêkelə = I become a dog, I am becoming a dog

I have made you become a dog = Þəlen həundinêkelafo

REFLEXIVE[edit | edit source]

REFLEXIVE[edit | edit source]
Tense þə êr nə/ô
Present -əs/es -as -ins -eśis -avis -iśas
Persistive -estas -astas -istas -esteis -əstes -istes
Near past -efas -afos -ifas -esefis -əvefs -isefes
Remote past -enefas -anafes -enifas -enesefis -inəvefas -inisefs
Near future -elas -alos -is -esels -əvels -isels
Far future -eles -ales -enilas -enesels -inəvels -inisels
with 2nd person object[edit | edit source]

add (d)uk to all no-object endings

Indicative Mood[edit | edit source]

with no object

Tense þə êr nə/ô
Present -ə/e -a -in -eś -əv -iś
Persistive -est -ast -ist -este -əste -iste
Near past -ef -afo -if -esef -əvef -isef
Remote past -enef -anafe -enif -enesef -inəvef -inisef
Near future -el -alo -il -esel -əvel -isel
Far future -ele -ale -enil -enesel -inəvel -inisel

Conditional Mood[edit | edit source]

Same as indicative with 'wə-' or 'wa(h)-' prefix before the verb root. There is no real rule on which one to use, usually people just use the one that sounds better in a said context.

Infinitive[edit | edit source]

-na

Imperative Mood[edit | edit source]

2nd person singular: verb root+unt (umas with defined 3 object, umuk 2)

2nd person plural: verb root+untir (umras, umruk)

Other persons present form + (n)unt (they should **** = conditional+imperative)

Inferential Mood[edit | edit source]

Same as indicative with 'aśa(v)-' prefix. Used to report unsure information.

Participle[edit | edit source]

Participle is made with -(k)ap

Passive[edit | edit source]

To make the verb passive add the suffix -(t)inde (before the negative suffix)

Passive-negative is -(t)indekur

Specifying progressive action[edit | edit source]

Progressive aspect can be shown using "ardast".

Maňes ardast, irum lüdən!!! = I am eating, go away!!!

Negative[edit | edit source]

To make the verb negative add -(a)kur

Adjectives[edit | edit source]

Adjectives are usually formed by noun root plus '-(a)c̆ə' suffix.

The prefix pl(i)- makes it become more (adjective)

pluðəc̆ə = faster

The prefix kurpl(i)- makes it become less (adjective)

kurpluðəc̆ə = less faster

han = comparation proposition

Həundur pluðəc̆eneliste han gulur.

Adverbs[edit | edit source]

Adverbs are usually formed by noun root plus '-(a)vlə' prefix.

Syntax[edit | edit source]

Word order is mainly SVO.

Questions are made with "ka" at the end.

INFINITE = U(N) before

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]


No. English Feyðlit
1Iþə
2you (singular)
3heêr
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7thiskuś
8thatked
9herečui
10therečei
11whośin
12whatśon
13whereśen
14whenśep
15howśenlə
16notvên
17allaht
18manyðôl
19somesim
20fewpôki
21othernełeda
22oneinś
23twośvo
24threeðai
25fourþü
26fivewən
27biggrôs
28longlôn
29widelöun
30thickśôðok
31heavypšant
32smallmikər
33shortze
34narrowzeb
35thinzek
36womanduňam
37man (adult male)nam
38man (human being)udnam
39childpeunam
40wifeverduňam
41husbandvernam
42mothergrôsduňam
43fathergrôsnam
44animalbêstiê
45fishgləbaglajelo
46birdþôdo
47cat
48doghəund
49louse
50snakefiði
51worm
52treearber
53forestvarkarberne
54stickstêk
55fruitmeive
56seedłuna
57leaffoła
58rootjənnüs
59barkböröti
60flowerleör
61grassönbi
62ropekuśu
63skinþałe
64meatkress
65bloodötə
66boneöset
67fatgrêś
68eggöf
69hornpunt
70tailkôd
71featherplömə
72hairbubuňö
73headintə
74earərək
75eyeojə
76nosenêč
77mouthbuj
78toothdiyyant
79tongueenbujke
80fingernail
81footpüš
82leggerpüš
83kneegênk
84handharin
85wingača
86bellypanč
87guts
88neckfokui
89backsken
90breastčeyyat
91heartkoyyôr
92liverfəgəti
93drinkglôjə
94eatmaňə
95bitehêvə
96suckśüšə
97spit
98vomitvômə
99blowśaffə
100breatheupaśəfə
101laughlidə
102see
103hearêndərə
104knowśêperə
105thinkpêśə
106smell
107fear
108sleepdremə
109livevisə
110diefulvisə
111killdebebnievnə
112fightklêngə
113huntkacə
114hitklapêdə
115cuttałarə
116split
117stab
118scratch
119dig
120swim
121flyfləvə
122walk
123comegnəgə
124lie
125sit
126stand
127turn
128fall
129give
130holdtônguliə
131squeeze
132rub
133wash
134wipe
135pullkrôlə
136push
137throw
138tie
139sew
140count
141saybəsə
142singkanbəsə
143play
144float
145flow
146freeze
147swell
148sunśal
149moon
150starbrelo
151waterakvo
151rain
152river
153lake
154seadolakvo
155saltsulto
156stone
157sand
158dust
160earthmondə
161cloud
162fog
163skysêlo
164wind
165snow
166ice
167smokefömje
168firefokto
169ashdefokto
170burnfokt
171roadvind
172mountainjaðu
173redśenn
174greenarbe
175yellowviala
176whitesprame
177blackdvedə
178nightfulglurə
179dayglurə
180yearaln
181warm
182cold
183full
184new
185oldagöl
186goodkan
187badful
188rottenfulkan
189dirty
190straight
191round
192sharp
193dull
194smooth
195wet
196dry
197correct
198near
199far
200rightnajjada
201leftkômča
202atpôd
203inpôn
204withkôs
205and
206ifdeta
207becausedekalə
208namečedet


Example text[edit | edit source]

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Aht udnamas niskatiste eleter də ijosačə diňatiyuda də þikyoyudas. Nə aśinšapaliste kôs kandasat də konsenšyat də mastiste ayuna inśi nełedatals bratarnete almamit.

Spoken sample[edit | edit source]

The following is a reading of the above text.

[1]

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