|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Classification and DialectsEdit
Arkathian is a language spoken by the nomadic Arkathy people. Part of the Skirithic language group(a group of languages all descended from Old Skirithic or one of the multiple dialects of Bastard Skirithic), Arkathian has three recognisable dialects: West Arkathian; North Arkathian and Central Arkathian. Of all these dialects, West Arkathian is the furthest removed from Central Arkathian, the most widely spoken varient and therefore the dialect that is often viewed as the "standard" version of the language.
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Arkathian posses a Past, Present and Future. In the Present, there is the Present Passive and the Present Imperative, the Past has the Relative past and the Intimate past(with both also have an imperative and passive form) and the Future has the Relative future and Intimate future(again, both posses an imperative and passive form).
In Arkathian, nouns decline based on the gender they are obliged to take in the sentence, with masculine taking the 1st declension, feminine taking the 2nd declension and neuter taking the 3rd declension. Arkathian has 3 cases, accusative(used for expressing the direct object or motion towards), genetive(used to indicate possession) and dative(used to replace by, with or from).
Marakzhevos, noun meaning slave.
Verbs are central to Arkathian as the subject of the sentence must agree with the primary verb in gender and number. The gender of an Arkathian verb is determined by what prefix it's given, -az for masculine, -is for feminine and lack of prefix for neuter. Neuter is always used when the subject of the verb has no discernable gender. Verbs in Arkathian are conjugated based on whether their ending in the infinitive(-as, -ir, -tur, -na) and whether they are "strong" verbs or "weak" verbs.
Kaynas, to ride(regular strong verb from the -as group)
1st person: Azkanak(m.), Iskanak(f.), Kanak(n.)
2nd person: Azkanan(m.), Iskanan(f.), Kanan(n.)
3rd person: Azkana(m.), Iskana(f.), Kana(n.)
1st person: Azkanakan(m.), Iskanakan(f.), Kanakan(n.)
2nd person: Azkânakath(m.), Iskanakath(f.), Kanakath(n.)
3rd person: Azkanakay(m.), Iskanakay(f.), Kanakay(n.)
In Arkathian the normal sentence structure is Verb-Object-Subject, so a standard Arkathian sentence would be written as follows:
Azjinoka ishasgalil azmarakil
The man greeted the queen
kânas: Regular Strong -as verb meaning to ride.
Makas: Regular Strong -as verb meaning to kill.
Chekzhas: Regular Strong -as verb meaning to rule.
Zhor: Word meaning Gold.
Azi: Word meaning Silver.
Azu-ah: Word meaning old man, although the literall meaning is grey beard.
Marakzhevos: Noun meaning slave
Jakos: Noun meaning language
brêgos: Noun meaning horse
Chakjenos: Noun meaning people
Hasgalos: Noun meaning King
Marak: Noun meaning man
Hasulos: Noun meaning master
Jinikas: Irregular -as verb meaning to greet
Azkanan azi'i brêgi azu-ahin The old man rides a silver horse.
Azchekzhana azchakjeniy azhasgali The king rules his people.
Azmakana azhasuliy azmarakzhevi The slave killed his master.