Conlang
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Atlantean English is a constructed accent of English spoken by the population of Atlantis. In the context of the fictional universe where it is used, Atlantis was not completely destroyed in the event described by Plato, but merely rendered uninhabitable for several thousand years. Subsequently, it was populated again by people of British ancestry in the late 1700s.

Main features[]

The main phonological features of Atlantean English are

  • lowering of schwa, which is realized as [ɐ],
  • monophthongization of all closing diphthongs: /eɪ/, /aɪ/, /oɪ/ → /eː/, /aː/, /oː/; /aʊ/, /oʊ/ → /œː/, /uː/ (which leads to a CHOICE-NORTH merger and GOOSE-GOAT merger),
  • non-rhotic, r realized as /ɹ/ in pre-vocalic position,
  • wine-whine merger is complete,
  • TRAP-BATH split exists,
  • L is always "dark" /ɬ/,
  • H-dropping is not common, not even in the reduced forms,
  • /nj/ coalesce into /ɲ/ (e. g. new [ɲuː]) , /lj/ coalesce into /ʎ/ (e. g. lute [ʎuːt], the latter sometimes stigmatized but extremely common),
    • blue and blew is pronounced [bʎuː] by the more heavily accented speakers, but [bɬuː] otherwise
  • /ʃ/, /ʒ/, /tʃ/, /dʒ/ are realized as [sʲ~ɕ], [zʲ~ʑ], [tʲ~c], [dʲ~ɟ],
    • generally, the more educated speakers tend to use the palatalized forms ([sʲ], [zʲ], [tʲ], [dʲ]) more often, the less educated the coalesced forms ([ɕ], [ʑ], [c], [ɟ]), but even the highly educated speakers use coalesed forms in spontaneous utterances very frequently,
    • if those form appear before other stops, a schwa or the KIT-sound (in case of the -ed suffix) is inserted, e. g. judged [ɟʊɟɪd] or [dʲʊdʲɪd].
  • also, /sj/, zj/, /tj/, /dj/ coalesce into [sʲ~ɕ], [zʲ~ʑ], [tʲ~c], [dʲ~ɟ].

Consonants[]

Consonant sounds
Labial Dental Alveolar Alveo-palatal Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop p/pʰ b t/tʰ d tʲ/c dʲ/ɟ k g
Fricative f v θ ð s z ɕ/sʲ ʑ/zʲ h
Central approximants ɹ j w
Lateral approximants ɬ ʎ

/p/, /t/, /k/ are aspirated when followed by a vowel and unless preceded by /s/ (even accross word boundaries); the degree of aspiration is generally stronger than in the other dialects, sometimes it may sound as a full-fledged /ph/, /th/, /kh/.

Other allophones are free variants.

Vowels[]

Atlantean vowels
Wells' lexical set RP realization Atlantean realization
KIT/HAPPY ɪ ɪ
DRESS e e
TRAP æ æ
BATH/PALM/START ɑ: ɑ:
LOT ɒ ɔ
STRUT ʌ ɑ
FOOT ʊ ʊ
NURSE ɜː ɜː
FLEECE
FACE e:
THOUGHT ɔː ɔː
GOAT/GOOSE əʊ
PRICE
CHOICE/NORTH ɔɪ
MOUTH œː
NEAR iɐ~ij
SQUARE ɛə ɛɐ~ɛj
CURE ʊə ʊɐ~ʊj
LETTER/COMMA ə ɐ


Example[]

The North Wind and the Sun were disputing which was the stronger, when a traveller came along wrapped in a warm cloak. They agreed that the one who first succeeded in making the traveller take his cloak off should be considered stronger than the other. Then the North Wind blew as hard as he could, but the more he blew the more closely did the traveller fold his cloak around him, and at last the North Wind gave up the attempt. Then the Sun shone out warmly, and immediately the traveller took off his cloak. And so the North Wind was obliged to confess that the Sun was the stronger of the two.

[ðɐ ˈnɔːθ ˈwɪnd ˈɐn ðɐ ˈsɑn ˈwɐ dɪˈspjuːtɪŋ ˈwɪc wɐz ðɐ ˈstɹɔŋgɐ | wen ɐ ˈtɹævɐɬɐ ˈkʰeːm ɐɬɔŋ ˈɹæpt ɪn ɐ ˈwoːm ˈkɬuːk ‖ ðeː ɐˈgɹiːd ðɐt ðɐ ˈwɑn hu ˈfɜːst sɐkˈsiːdɪd ɪn ˈmeːkʰɪŋ ðɐ ˈtɹævɐɬɐ ˈtʰeːk hɪz ˈkɬuːk ɔf ɕʊd biː kʰɐnˈsɪdɐd ˈstɹɔŋgɐ ðɐn ðɪ ˈɑðɐ ‖ ðen ðɐ ˈnɔːθ ˈwɪnd bɬuː ɐz ˈhɑːd ɐz hi ˈkʰʊd | bɐt ðɐ ˈmoː hi ˈbɬuː ðɐ ˈmoː ˈkɬuːsɬɪ dɪd ðɐ ˈtɹævɐɬɐ ˈfuːɬd hɪz ˈkɬuːk ɐˈɹuːnd hɪm | ænd ɐt ˈɬɑːst ðɐ ˈnɔːθ ˈwɪnd ˈgeːv ɑp ði ɐˈtʰempt ‖ ˈðen ðɐ ˈsɑn ˈɕɔn œːt ˈwoːmɬɪ | ænd ɪˈmiːdiɐtɬɪ ðə ˈtɹævɐɬɐ ˈtʰʊkʰ ɔf hɪz ˈkɬuːk ‖ ænd suː ðɐ ˈnɔːθ ˈwɪnd wɐz ɐˈbɬaːɟɪd tʰʊ kʰɐnˈfes ðɐt ðɐ ˈsɑn wɐz ðɐ ˈstɹɔŋgɐ ɐv ðɐ ˈtʰuː]

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