Conlang
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Ausi is a language spoken by about 7 000 native speakers in the city-state of Ausia on the planet Kaitagi.

(Do note: This is still WIP and if you have any questions or suggestions post them in the comments)

(I suck at this so I am open to suggestions. TY)

Ausi
Ausi
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Mixed
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 2%
Statistics
Nouns 6%
Verbs 5%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and Dialects[]

There are no official dialects even though there are some really minor differences in pronunciation between western (higher) and eastern (lower) part of the city, which are mostly overlooked and are considered the same dialect.

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d c k g
Fricative f v s z h
Affricate
Approximant j
Lateral app. l

Vowels[]

Front Near-front Central Back
Close i u
Near-close
Close-mid e o
Open a

Phonotactics[]

Two Consonants cannot be next to each other unless they belong to a different syllable.

If, by any case, two of the same letter are next to each other, they are merged into one.

Syllables can only have up to two consonants and one vowel.

Most nouns end in a vowel.

Writing System[]

Letter a b c d e f g h i j k l
Sound /a/ /b/ /c/ /d/ /e/ /f/ /g/ /h/ /i/ /j/ /k/ /l/
Letter m n o p s t u v z
Sound /m/ /n/ /o/ /p/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /v/ /z/

Grammar[]

Pronouns[]

Personal pronouns[]

Personal pronouns are associated with a certain person, thing or group.

Personal pronouns do not fully decline. They have only Nominative and Accusative case.

Personal pronouns(Singular)[]
singular 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
nominative Anvi Suovi Govi
accusative Anve Suove Gove

The declination of pronouns is regular and all the pronouns have ending -i in nominative and -e in accusative.

Personal pronouns(dual)[]
dual 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
nominative Banvi Besuovi Begovi
accusative Banve Besuove Begove

Dual is formed by adding the prefix b(e)- to the stem of the pronoun

Personal pronouns(plural)[]
plural 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
nominative Sanvi Sasuovi Sagovi
accusative Sanve Sasuove Sagove

Plural is formed by adding s(a)- to the stem of the pronoun

Personal pronouns(collective)[]
collective 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
nominative Sabanvi Sabesuovi Sabegovi
accusative Sabanve Sabesuove Sabegove

Collective is formed by adding sab(e)- to the stem of the pronoun.

Note: The last vowel of the added part is missing when the stem begins with a vowel.

Indefinite pronouns[]

Indefinite pronouns are referring to one or more unspecified objects, beings or places

Indefinite pronouns are formed irregularly.

no- some- any- every-
-thing Kainu Eusti Vanka Tolok
-one Kaisi Poitu Baika Saisi
-where Gastu Hoiki Paiste Douli

Indefinite pronouns go with the verb in third person singular.

Reflexive Pronouns[]

Refexive pronouns state that the subject in the sentence is also the object of it.

There is only one pronoun which can go with no matter who the subject(s) is/are.

That pronoun is Aisu.

Possessive pronouns[]

Possessive pronouns state the ownership of the subject.

They only have the possessive case.

Number Singular Dual Plural Collective
Person First Second Third First Second Third First Second Third First Second Third
Possessive Anuh Anus Anut Banuh Banus Banut Senuh Senus Senut Basenuh Basenus Basenut

Demonstative pronouns[]

Demonstrative pronouns are used to point to something specific in a sentence.

Singular Plural
Near Baisi Baisiti
Far Tabaisi Tabaisiti

Nouns[]

Nouns mostly end with a vowel, even though there are some which end with a consonant.

There are two declination groups: Strong(Regular, Vowel) and Weak(Irregular, Consonant).

Weak nouns are called irregular because they do not follow the main rule of declination, modifying the ending to fit itself better.

Cases[]

Nominative[]

Nominative case marks the subject of the sentence. It is the form of the sentence located in a dictionary.

Accusative[]

Accusative case marks the object of the sentence.

Instructive[]

Instructive answers to the question "how" and it is mostly answered as "by means of ...".

Instrumental[]

Instrumental answers to the question "with who? with which thing?" it is mostly answered as "with ...".

Partitive[]

Partitive case is used for specifying amounts.

Translative[]

Translative case is used for changing a condition.

Abessive[]

Abessive case is used for specifying a lack of something.

Genitive[]

Genitive case is used to show relationships and structure.

Causal[]

Causal case is used to the cause for something.

Possessive[]

Possessive case is used to specify direct possession of something.

Comitative[]

Comitative case is used to denote accompaniment.

Inessive[]

Inessive case carries the meaning "in ...".

Intrative[]

Intrative case carries the meaning "between ...".

Ablative[]

Ablative case carries the meaning "away from ...".

Elative[]

Elative case carries the meaning "out of ...".

Initiative[]

Initiative case denotes the starting point of the action.

Terminative[]

Terminative case denotes the ending point of the action

Locative[]

Locative cases are all other ways of expressing location, and are basically formed by adding an adverbial before the verb. The adverbial is an adverb which indicates the location.

Numbers[]

Singular[]

Only one

Plural[]

More

Collective[]

All of them

Verbs[]

There are four regular verb types.

The verb's group can be seen from it's infinitive.

Infinitive[]

The basic form of the verb.

There are four infinitive groups. They are:

1.Vowel-vowel(it's first letter is a vowel as well as it's last)

2.Vowel-consonant(it's first letter is a vowel, it's last is a consonant)

3.Consonant-vowel(it's first letter is a consonant, it's last is a vowel)

4.Consonant-consonant(it's first letter is a consonant as well as it's last)

They all have different conjugations.

Person[]

Indicates the doer of the action in the verb.

1st person[]

The speaker(s).

Has the following endings:

Singular: -an

Plural: -aman

2nd person[]

The listener(s).

Has the following endings:

Singular: -suo

Plural: -amasuo

3rd person[]

Neither the speaker(s) nor the listener(s).

Has the following endings:

Singular: -go

Plural: -amigo

Number[]

Indicates the amount of subjects doing the action

Singular[]

Only one entity is doing the action

Person Type I Type II Type III Type IV
Infinitive Andala Istam Houli Tilak
First Andala-an Istam-i*-an Huoli-an Tilak-i*-an
Second Andala-suo Istam-i*-suo Houli-suo Tilak-i*-suo
Third Andala-go Istam-i*-go Huoli-go Tilak-i*-go

*-if the verb ends with a consonants it adds between the stem and the ending the first vowel of the stem of the verb.

The verbs do not need the personal pronoun by it, because it is clear who is doing the action.

Since all the personal pronouns in nominative end in -vi, it is removed, and the stem is added as an ending to the verb.

Plural[]

More enitities are doing the action.

Person I II III IV
Inf. Andala Istam Huoli Tilak
1. Andala-(a)*m(a)*-an Istam-am(a)*-an Huoli-am(a)*-an Tilak-am(a)*-an
2. Andala-(a)*ma-suo Istam-ama-suo Huoli-ama-suo Tilak-ama-suo
3. Andala-(a)*-ma-go Istam-ama-go Huoli-ama-go Tilak-ama-go

In the plural, the suffix -ama- is added between the stem and the ending.

*-When two same letter are next to each other they fuse into one.

Voice[]

Describe the relationship between the action and participants in the said action.

Active[]

The action done is important (In most other languages the doer of the action is important).

Passive[]

It is not important who is doing the action but rather on whom the action is done.

Antipassive[]

(The doer of the action is important, and on whom the action is done is unimportant.

Mood[]

Indicate a state of being.

Indicative[]

Indicates that the action is being done.

Imperative[]

Expresses command.

Interrogative[]

Indicates Interrogation.

Conditional[]

Indicates wishes and desires.

Hypothetical[]

Indicates something that might have happened but didn't.

Tense[]

Expresses the time the action was done

Present[]

Indicates that the action is done now

Present Simple[]

Indicates that the action is being done now.

Present Progressive[]

Indicates that the action takes some time to finish.

Hodiernal tense[]

The action that will be done that day(not known when)

Past[]

Indicates the action that was done.

Past Simple[]

Indicates the action done at some point in the past

Past Progressive[]

Indicates the action that was done for a longer period of time

Pluperfect[]

Indicates the action in the past done before another action in the past (Past Perfect in English)

Imperfect[]

Indicates the action that began in the past and is unfinished by the time of the speaking.

Hesternal tense[]

Indicates the action that was done the day before.

Future[]

Indicates the action that has not yet began and will do so at some later time

Future[]

The action that will be done later(not known when)

Crastinal tense[]

The action that will be done the day after.

Aspect[]

Indicates whether the action is on going or completed.

Finished aspect[]

Indicates the action has finished

Started aspect[]

Indicates the action that started and is still happening

Unstarted aspect[]

Indicates that the action has not yet started.

Gnomic aspect[]

Indicates general truths

Syntax[]

Sentence structure[]

The sentence structure is VSO in active voice, OV in passive voice and SV in antipassive voice.

Vocabulary[]

Verbs
Ausi English
Andala To be
Istam To run
Houli To hide
Tilak To talk

Example text[]

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