Verbs can be conjugated (or inflected) for several grammatical categories as:

  • Tense
  • Aspect
  • Mood
  • Polarity
  • Voice
  • Physical state
  • Emotional state

All the inflections above are modified for three key categories:

  • gender
  • person
  • number

Verbal Affixes[]



  • Precative (Asking nicely for something. Please help me here.)
  • Imperative (Demanding something. Help me here now!)
  • Conditional (Possibility of an action. I would like help. I would do that.)
  • Admirative (Express emotions.)
    • Doubt
    • Certainty
  • Interrogative (To ask a question.)
  • Volitive
    • Weak desire (I would like that to happen.)
    • Strong desire (I want that to happen!)
  • Consequential (If she gets that, we will be screwed.)
  • Subjunctive (If I were the President...)


  • Yes (for emphasis)
  • Always
  • No
  • Never


  • Passive
  • Reflexive




  • Immediate (0>10 minutes ago)
  • Hodiernal (some time earlier in the same day)
  • Hesternal:
    • Yesterday
    • The day before yesterday
    • Two days before yesterday
  • Recent:
    • Up to 1 week ago
    • Up to 1 month ago
    • Up to 6 months ago
    • Up to 1 year ago
    • Up to 5 years ago
    • Up to 10 years ago
    • More than 10 years ago
    • Imprecise



  • Immediate (up to 10 minutes after)
  • Hodiernal (some time later in the same day)
  • After Today:
    • Tomorrow
    • The day after tomorrow
    • Two days after tomorrow
  • Near:
    • Up to 1 week ahead
    • Up to 1 month ahead
    • Up to 6 months ahead
    • Up to 1 year ahead
    • Up to 5 years ahead
    • Up to 10 years ahead
    • More than 10 years ahead
  • Imprecise


  • Perfective (I ate. [action completed])
  • Imperfective (I ate vegetables every Sunday.)
  • Progressive (I have been eating (present), I had been eating (past))
  • Immediate (I am shopping.)
  • Habitual (Tuesdays I go shopping.)
  • Generic (Fruits grown in trees.)

Emotional State[]

  • Before the Action
  • During the Action
  • After the Action
  • Before and during the action
  • During and after the action
  • Before, during and after the action
Primary emotion Secondary emotion Tertiary emotions
Love Affection Adoration, affection, love, fondness, liking, attraction, caring, tenderness, compassion, sentimentality
Lust Arousal, desire, lust, passion, infatuation
Longing Longing
Happiness, Joy Cheerfulness Amusement, bliss, cheerfulness, gaiety, glee, jolliness, joviality, joy, delight, enjoyment, gladness, happiness, jubilation, elation, satisfaction, ecstasy, euphoria
Zest Enthusiasm, zeal, zest, excitement, thrill, exhilaration
Contentment Contentment, pleasure
Pride Pride, triumph
Optimism Eagerness, hope, optimism
Enthrallment Enthrallment, rapture
Relief Relief
Surprise Surprise Amazement, surprise, astonishment
Anger Irritation Aggravation, irritation, agitation, annoyance, grouchiness, grumpiness
Exasperation Exasperation, frustration
Rage Anger, rage, outrage, fury, wrath, hostility, ferocity, bitterness, hate, scorn, spite, vengefulness, dislike, resentment
Disgust Disgust, revulsion, contempt, loathing
Envy Envy, jealousy
Torment Torment
Sadness Suffering Agony, suffering, hurt, anguish
Sadness Depression, despair, hopelessness, gloom, glumness, sadness, unhappiness, grief, sorrow, woe, misery, melancholy
Disappointment Dismay, disappointment, displeasure
Shame Guilt, shame, regret, remorse
Neglect Alienation, isolation, neglect, loneliness, rejection, homesickness, defeat, dejection, insecurity, embarrassment, humiliation, insult
Sympathy Pity, sympathy
Fear Horror Alarm, shock, fear, fright, horror, terror, panic, hysteria, mortification
Nervousness Anxiety, nervousness, tenseness, uneasiness, apprehension, worry, distress, dread

Physical State[]

  • Energetic
  • Focus
  • Confusion
  • Somnolence
  • Stupor
  • Unconsciousness
  • Amnesia
  • Dizziness
  • Tiredness
  • Boredom

  • Before the Action
  • During the Action
  • After the Action
  • Before and during the action
  • During and after the action
  • Before, during and after the action