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Head direction
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

General information[]

If completed in time, this will be entered into the Romlang Challenge (probably, anyway).

Bahric is a Romance language that developed in Germany following the fall of the Roman empire. It belongs to the Bahro-Etric branch of the Romance languages, a group that died out in 1400 AD. Bahric was revived sometime around 1940AD, and nowadays has a stable speaking population of approximately 800.



Orthographical representation in brackets.

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Palatal Labiovelar Velar Glottal
Nasal m {m} n {n} ɳ {ny}
Plosive p {p}

pʰ {ph}

b {b}

t {t}

tʰ {th}

d {d}

kʷ {q}

kʷʰ {qh}

gʷ {g}*

k {c}*

kʰ {ch}*

g {g}*


f {f}

v {v}

s {s}

z {s}

h {h}


t͜s {c}^ {cy}*

t͜sʰ {ch}^ {chy}^

͜dz {z}

Approximant ɹ̪ {r} j {ĭ} w {ŭ}
Lateral app. l̪ {l} ʎ {ly}


Front Near-front Near-back Back
Near-close ɪ {i} ʊ {u}
Close-mid e {e} o {o}
Open-mid ɛ {ĕ} ɔ {ŏ}
Open a {a} ɒ {aw}

Syllabic Consonants:[]

The following sonorants are capable of acting as vowels: m, n, l, r, and s. When they do, it is not indicated in the native script; however, here it is marked with a subscript: ̩̩m̩ n̩ l̩ r̩ s̩.



Syllables are (C)(C)V(Y)(C)(s), where Y is an approximant.


Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Nominal inflection requires two roots (and the gender: either masculine or feminine). These are the nominative and accusative singular. It also requires the article be supplied with the noun. The examples below are for laps, laped (m.) 'stone'; sŏr, sŏror (f.) 'sister'; and mods, mod (m.) 'world'.

Indefinite Singular Indefinite Plural Definite Singular Definite Plural
Nominative uns laps un lapeds ily laps ily lapeds
Vocative o laps o lapeds
Accusative un laped uns lapedebs ily laped ilys lapedebs
Genitive uns lapeds unor laped ilys lapeds ilyor laped
Dative awn laped awns lapedebs aly laped alys lapedebs

Indefinite Singular Indefinite Plural Definite Singular Definite Plural
Nominative un sŏr un sŏrors ily sŏr ily sŏrors
Vocative o sŏr o sŏrors
Accusative un sŏror uns sŏrorebs ily sŏror ilys sŏrorebs
Genitive uns sŏrors unawr sŏror ilys sŏrors ilyawr sŏror
Dative awn sŏror awns sŏrorebs aly sŏror alys sŏrorebs

Indefinite Singular Indefinite Plural Definite Singular Definite Plural
Nominative uns mods un mods ilys mods ily mods
Vocative o mod o mods
Accusative un mod uns modebs ily mod ilys modebs
Genitive uns mod unor modor ilys mod ilyor modor
Dative awn mod awns modebs aly mod alys modebs

Laps and sŏr represent the two genders of the third declension. Mod represents the masculine of the second declension (there is no first declension; the names derive from Latin grammars). There is a feminine second declension, but the only difference between its declension and that of mond is in the use of -awr instead of -or in the plural genitive (for both articles and the noun).

N.B: Some second declension nouns use a string of vowels instead of just one in the genitive suffix (this does not affect the articles though). This string always ends in the appropriate vowel for gender (o or aw), and is followed by r to create the full suffix.

Note that third-declension nouns have two distinct roots, which must be learned independently (these are the two citation forms). The second, however, has only one root (The second of the citation roots e.g. for 'world', mod). 


Adjectives require two roots for declension (nom. and acc. m.); the process of adjectivial declension is similar to nouns. The examples below use two adjectives: vĕts, vĕtĕr "old" and bŏns, bŏn "good".

Masculine/Feminine Singular Masculine/Feminine Plural
Nominative/Vocative vĕts vĕtĕrs
Accusative/Dative vĕtĕr vĕtĕrs
Genitive vĕtĕrs vĕtĕr
Dative/Ablative vĕtĕr vĕtĕrebs

Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Plural
Nominative/Vocative bŏns bŏn bŏn
Accusative/Dative bŏn bŏns
Genitive bŏn bŏnor bŏnawr

Bŏn and vĕts are second and third declension adjectives respectively. The number of roots and which is the primary one are the same as for nouns.




Example text[]