formal vs informal[]

Type bizarre
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders masculine,feminine,neuter
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Progress Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Nouns Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Verbs Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Adjectives Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Syntax Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Words of 1500
Creator pikapika200

in the formal form,the definite articles are el (masculine singular),els (masculine plural),ul (feminine singular),and uls (feminine plural) while the indefinite articles are un (masculine singular),uns (masculine plural),en (feminine singular),and ens (feminine plural)

neuter definite singular: ual (formal), aul (informal)

neuter definite plural: uals (formal), auls (informal)

neuter indefinite singular: eal (formal), ael (informal)

neuter indefinite plural: eals (formal), aels (informal)

also,in the formal,nouns are generally pluralized by adding s

if it ends with f,ph,ll,s,th,x,ch,sh,zh,gh,q,qu,ß,or ð,add es

if it ends with c change the c to qu and add es

if it ends with g change the g to x and add es

if it ends with z,change the z to a j and add es

the word for flower(s) changes like this from informal to formal

informal:la flor,le flore

formal:ul flor,uls flors

the word for pencil(s) is like this

informal:il lapiz,i lapizi

formal:el lapiz,els lapijes

if the word ends with n,change the n to ll and add es

for example:

informal:la cuidan,le cuidane

formal:ul cuidan,uls cuidalles


Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes No Yes No No No No No
Numbers Yes No Yes No No No No No
Participles No No No Yes No No No No
Adverb Yes No Yes No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes No Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

when describing adjectives, adverbs must agree in gender and number with the adjective, which agrees in that with its noun ot pronoun.

the number one is singular all other numbers are plural. however,numbers still must agree with their noun in gender. (neuter numbers end with us instead of os or as). (when counting, or putting the number after the noun [such as part 1, part 2, part 3, etc.], you remove the os/as/us/i/e)

like two is dosos or dosas

three is tresos or tresas

four is quatros or quatras

five is sinkos or sinkas

six is seos or seas

seven is sietos or sietas

eight is ochos or ochas

nine is nuevi or nueve

ten is diejos or diejas

pokemon slogan for this language[]

thil tegemans huk tots dirsas (informal)

thez tegemam huk tots thirsas (formal)

means "you make them all yours"

Writing System[]

Letter a b c d e f g h i j k l
Sound ɑ (can also be ä or a) b k (θ before e,i,or æ) d (d͡ʒ before an r) f g (h before e,i,or æ) i h k l
Letter ll m n o p ph q r rr s t th
Sound j m n p f k ɹ r s t (tʃ before an r) θ
Letter u v w x y z qu ch sh zh gh ß
Sound u v w ks j θ kw d͡ʒ ʃ ʒ f s
Letter æ þ ð œ ang eng ing ong ung
Sound æ θ ð ɔɪ ɑʊŋ eɪŋ oʊŋ
letter ŭ gn nh qh ġ
sound ʌ nj or ɲ nj or ɲ g

no words end with þ or begin with ð

two letters with vowel sounds in a row just have the sounds separately unless it is the same letter twice, in which case the sound is extended.

for those confused:see

on interactive IPA chart,there are no ː symbols, and d͡ʒ represents the sound ch makes

a is the open back unrounded vowel (sometimes open central unrounded vowel or open front unrounded vowel)

b is the voiced bilabial plosive

c is normally the k sound,but before e,i,or æ,c becomes the voiceless dental fricative

d is the voiced alveolar plosive (voiced postalveolar affricate directly befor ean r)

e is the diphthong /eɪ/,so the diphthong of the close-mid front unrounded vowel and the near-close near-front unrounded vowel

f,gh,and ph are all the voiceless labiodental fricative

v is the voiced labiodental fricative.

g is normally the voiced velar plosive,but before e,i,or æ,g becomes the voiceless glottal fricative

h is silent

i is the close front unrounded vowel

j is the voiceless glottal fricative

k and q are both the voiceless velar plosive

l is the alveolar lateral approximant

ll and y are both the palatal approximant

m is the bilabial nasal

n is the alveolar nasal

o is the diphthong /oʊ/,so the diphthong of the close-mid back rounded vowel and the near-close near-back rounded vowel

p is the voiceless bilabial plosive

r is the postalveolar approximant

rr is the voiced alveolar trill

s is the voiceless alveolar sibilant

t is the voiceless alveolar plosive (but if it's directly before an r, it's the voiceless postalveolar affricate)

u is the close back rounded vowel

th is the voiceless dental fricative (same with z and þ)

w is the voiced labio-velar approximant

x is the voiceless consonant cluster /ks/

æ is the near-open front unrounded vowel

qu is the consonant cluster of k's sound and the sound of w

ch is the voiced postalveolar affricate

sh is the voiceless postalveolar fricative

zh is the voiced postalveolar fricative

ð is the voiced dental fricative

œ is the /ɔɪ/ sound,as in coin,so the diphthong of the open-mid back rounded vowel and the near-close near-front unrounded vowel

ang is the open back unrounded vowel followed by the velar nasal

eng is the diphthong /eɪ/ followed by the velar nasal

ing is the close front unrounded vowel followed by the velar nasal

ong is the diphthong /oʊ/ followed by the velar nasal

ung is the close back rounded vowel followed by the velar nasal

gn and nh are the consonant cluster /nj/ (sound of n followed by sound of ll) or the sound /ɲ/ (the voiced palatal nasal), whichever is easier for the speaker.

qh is voiceless post-alveolar affricate

the letter ġ always makes /g/ and is always before an i, e, or œ



o endings are usually masculine,a endings are usually feminine

o endings are pluralized by changing o to i,and a endings by changing a to e

nouns ending with consonants are pluralized by adding i (if it's masculine) or e (if it's feminine), or us (if neuter)

nouns ending with u are pluralized by adding s

the word for city is cuidan and is feminine

neuter nouns end with u, usually

the word for world is mondo (informal) or mondu (formal)

the word for ice cream is kæmtono, pronounced as "camtono"

the word for princess is prinsesa

fragrance is fragranza.

fox is reno (male fox), rena (female fox), renu (gender-neutral word for fox)

part is just parto

pizza is neopolis bradlaf

Country Names[]

a lot of these come from the countries' names in their own languages





United States:Usonia, from Esperanto Usono


Phillipines: Pilipinas

United Kingdom: Regna Unida

Abkhazia: Abkhaziya

Afghanistan: Efghansthan

Albania: Shqiperia

Algeria: Alchaser

Andorra: Andorra

Angola: Angola

Antigua and Barbuda: Antigwa yan Barbuda

Argentina: Argentina

Armenia: Hayastan

Artsakh: Artsakh

Australia: Australia

Austria: Usterreik

Azerbaijan: Aserbaisan

Bahamas: Bajamas

Bahrain: Albaren

Bangladesh: Banladesh

Barbados: Barbados

Belarus: Bielarus

Belgium: Belzhik

Belize: Belis

Bhutan: Drukyul

Benin: Benigne

Bolivia: Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosna yan Hercegovina

Botswana: Botswana

Brazil: Brasil

Brunei: Negara Brunei

Bulgaria: Bulgariya

Burkina Faso: Burkina Faso

Burundi: Burundi

Cambodia: Kampouchea

Cameroon: Kamerun

Canada: Kænada

Cape Verde: Cabo Verde

Central African Republic: Republika Sentrafrikana

Chad: Tshad

Chile: Qhile

China: Zhong gwo

Colombia: Colombia

Comoros: Comores

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Congo-Kinshasa or Republika Demokratika di El Congo

Republic of the Congo: Congo-Brazavilla or Republika di El Congo

Cook Islands: Kuki Airani

Costa Rica: Costa Rica

Croatia: Ravatska

Cuba: Cuba

Cyprus: Kipros

Czech Republic: Qhesko or Republika Qheska

Denmark: Danmark (full: Regna di Danmark)

Djibouti: Jibuti

East Timor: Timor Leste

Ecuador: Equador

Egypt: Miser

El Salvador: El Salvador

Equatorial Guinea: Ġinia Equatoriala


infinitives end with er,ar,or ir and voices exist. imperative form is the infinitiv


in the informal,adjectives ending with o or a in the singular end with o for masculine singular,a for feminine singular,i for masculine plural,and e for feminine plural,while adjectives that end in consonants are usually pluralized by adding i if masculine and adding e if feminine

in the formal,adjectives ending with,o,a,os,or as end with o for masculine singular,a for feminine singular,os for masculine plural,and as for feminine plural

adjectives ending with consonants are pluralized by following the pluralization rules of nouns.

adjectives ending with consonants are same for masculine and feminine singular

special for the word all:tot in singular,tots in plural

adjectives generally come before the noun

icy is a special case as it is the same as the noun for ice (glaxa), regardless of the noun it's modifying.


most indefinite pronouns do not have gender. for example,the word for "someone" is algan

sorted by case,person,and number

nominative 1st singular:pho

nominative 2nd informal singular:thil

nominative 2nd formal singular:thez

nominative 3rd masculine singular:phen

nominative 3rd feminine singular:zen

nominative 3rd neuter singular:ziph

nominative 1st plural:thap

nominative 2nd informal plural:loz

nominative 2nd formal plural:lok

nominative 3rd masculine plural:giez

nominative 3rd feminine plural:marz

nominative 3rd neuter plural:koth

accusative 1st singular:tel

accusative 2nd informal singular:ral

accusative 2nd formal singular::qual

accusative 3rd masculine singular:dak

accusative 3rd feminine singular:dal

accusative 3rd neuter singular:pel

accusative 1st plural:lep

accusative 2nd informal plural:kesh

accusative 2nd formal plural:peth

accusative 3rd masculine plural:hok

accusative 3rd feminine plural:hak

accusative 3rd neuter plural:huk

pronominal possessive 1st singular:tir

pronominal possessive 2nd informal singular:bis

pronominal possessive 2nd formal singular:thel

pronominal possessive 3rd masculine singular:mos

pronominal possessive 3rd feminine singular:nos

pronominal possessive 3rd neuter singular:quos

pronominal possessive 1st plural:tors

pronominal possessive 2nd informal plural:dirs

pronominal possessive 2nd formal plural:thirs

pronominal possessive 3rd masculine plural:nom

pronominal possessive 3rd feminine plural:bom

pronominal possessive 3rd neuter plural:kom

predicative possessive 1st singular:tirs

predicative possessive 2nd informal singular:bisas

predicative possessive 2nd formal singular:thels

predicative possessive 3rd masculine singular:mosos

predicative possessive 3rd feminine singular:nosas

predicative possessive 3rd neuter singular:quosus

predicative possessive 1st plural:torsas

predicative possessive 2nd informal plural:dirsas

predicative possessive 2nd formal plural:thirsas

predicative possessive 3rd masculine plural:noms

predicative possessive 3rd feminine plural:boms

predicative possessive 3rd neuter plural:koms

reflexive 1st singular:tirefa

reflexive 2nd informal singular:bisefa

reflexive 2nd formal singular:thelefa

reflexive 3rd masculine singular:mosefa

reflexive 3rd feminine singular:nosefa

reflexive 3rd neuter singular:quosefa

reflexive 1st plural:torsefas

reflexice 2nd informal plural:dirsefas

reflexive 2nd formal plural:thirsefas

reflexive 3rd masculine plural:nomefas

reflexive 3rd feminine plural:bomefas

reflexive 3rd neuter plural:komefas


the word for of,and also from, is di (no forms of the can combine with di to make 1 word)

words we use a lot[]

the word for "about" is sobri (story) or alrididior di (approixmately)

again is atro viz

almost is case

also is ademas

always is seimpri

and is yan

another is otra

any is algunu

because is parqui

but is pira

by is ol loda di (beside) or par (done by)

each or every is cada

everyone is tot il mondo (or tot el mondu)

everything is tot

everywhere is par tots ports

for is poro

here is aca

in,into is enso (to avoid confusion with the formal "en)

just is solu (informal) or solument (formal) or solus (plural informal ) or soluments (plural formal)

so is tansos (very,when adjective is describing a masculine noun),tansas (very,when adjective is describing feminine noun) or ase (because of this)

there is aquel

today is hoi

tomorrow is maniana

yesterday is aler

conjugation of ser[]

pho (present):er

thil (present):ers

thez,phen,zen,ziph (present):se

thap (present):somos

loz (present):sois

lok,giez,marz,koth (present):sano

pho (past):fer

thil (past):fuers

thez,phen,zen,ziph (past):felese

thap (past):fomos

loz (past):fostes

lok,giez,marz,koth (past):foram

pho (future):erei

thil (future):ersas

thez,phen,zen,ziph (future):sera

thap (future):seremos

loz (future):sereis

lok,giez,marz,koth (future):serano

conjugation rules for endings of regular verbs[]

if the infitive ends in er[]

pho (present):enho

thil (present):ens

thez,phen,zen,ziph (present):em

thap (present):emos

loz (present):endes

lok,giez,marz,koth (present):enam

pho (past):ive

thil (past):iveste

thez,phen,zen,ziph (past):eve

thap (past):ivemos

loz (past):ivestes

lok,giez,marz,koth (past):iveram

pho (future):erei

thil (future):eras

thez,phen,then,ziph (future):era

thap (future):eremos

loz (future):ereis

lok,giez,marz,koth (future):erano

if infinitive ends with ar[]

pho (present):anho

thil (present):ans

thez,phen,zen,ziph (present):am

thap (present):amos

loz (present):andas

lok,giez,marz,koth (present):anam

pho (past):iva

thil (past):ivasta

thez,phen,zen,ziph (past):ava

thap (past):ivamos

h,marz,koth (past):ivaram

pho (future):arai

thil (future):aras

thez,phen,then,ziph (future):ara

thap (future):aramos


loz (future):arais

lok,giez,marz,koth (future):arano

if infinitive ends with ir[]

pho (present):inho

thil (present):ins

thez,phen,zen,ziph (present):im

thap (present):imos

loz (present);indis

lok,giez,marz,koth (present):inim

pho (past):ivi

thil (past):ivisti

thez,phen,zen,ziph (past):ivin

thap (past):ivimos

lok,giez,marz,koth (past):ivirim

thap (future):irimos

loz (future):iriis

lok,giez,marz,koth (future):irino

things about participles and verb aspects and voices and the past future tense[]

to form past participle,take r away from the infinitive and add sta

present participle (which is also the gerund):take r away from the infinitive and add ndo

perfect:add the correct form of ter,"to have",before the past participle

progressive:add the correct form of ser,"to be",before present participle

perfect progressive:add the correct form of ter,"to have",then add the word "sesta",the past participle of ser,so approximately "been" (just like adding the correct form of to have and then the word been in english),then add the present participle.

for past future tense,see below

for the passive voice, use the correct form of "ser" followed by the past participle

past future tense[]

aka conditional mood as called by some people

for ser and with aspects

pho (simple): seriya

thil (simple):seriyas

thez,phen,zen,ziph (simple):seriyat

thap (simple):seriyamos

loz (simple):seriyais

lok,giez,marz,koth (simple):seriyan

pho (perfect):habriya sesta

thil (perfect):habriyas sesta

thez,phen,zen,ziph (perfect):habriyat sesta

thap (perfect):habriyamos sesta

loz (perfect):habriyais sesta

lok,giez,marz,koth (perfect):habriyan sesta

pho (progressive):seriya sendo

thil (progressive):seriyas sendo

thez,phen,,zen,ziph (progressive):seriyat sendo

thap (progressive):seriyamos sendo

loz (progressive):seriyais sendo

lok,giez,marz,koth (progrressive):seriyan sendo

for perfect progressive of this,simply ? sesta sendo,where ? is the correct form of habriya,habriyas,etc. to go with the subject the past future rules of ser apply to regular verbs,too,simpy do to them what you would do to ser for past future of that aspect nd subject. singular nouns take thez,phen,zen,ziph forms,whilst plural nouns take the lok,giez,marz,koth form

vowels followed by l and r and rl[]

al is pronounced like the english word "all"

el is pronounced like the spanish article "el"

il is pronounced like the english word "eel"

ol is pronounced like the "oal" in the english word "coal"

ul is pronounced like the "ool" in "school"

ar is pronounced like the english "are"

er is pronounced like the english "air"

ir is pronounced like the english "ear"

or is pronounced like the english "or"

ur is pronounced like the "ur" in the english "fur"

arl is pronounced as the same as in carl

erl is always followed by a vowel, and the l followed by a vowel is not in the same syllable as the er

irl and orl likewise

url is like the irl in english girl.

forms of the[]

masculine singular uses il,feminine singular uses la,masculine plural uses i,and feminine plural uses le

the indefinite article[]

ino for masculine singular,ina for feminine singular,ini for masculine plural,and ine for feminine plural

adjective forms with non-binary people or groups of both males and females[]

for non-binary people,you use the neuter singular form. for groups of both males,and females,you use the neuter plural. neuter forms of adjectives end with u and us in singular and plural, respectively.

nouns that change depending on gender[]

most jobs and some animals like dog and cat

if there is at least one non-binary person in the group or at least one male and at least one female, then it will be neuter in the plural.

dog is perro or perra. perro is a male dog and perra is a female dog. the gender-neutral word for dog is perru.

a male cat is kato. female cat is kata. gender-neutral is katu.

borrowed words and phrase[]

the phrase for "up above" is "au dessus",borrowed from french

the adjective young is "wakao/wakaa/wakai/wakae/wakaos/wakaas",borrowed from japanese "wakai"

the word for trap is piege,borrowed from french

the word for lantern is rama,borrowed from maori

the word for green is "prasino/prasina/prasini/prasine/prasinos/prasinas:,from the greek "prásinos"

the word for baby is okochon,from the japanese "akachan"

most color words are borrowed from Setsukonian, such as norche, regardless of gender, but not number, for black. however, red differs depending on gender. rujo for masculine, ruja for feminine, and ruju for neuter nouns. (add s for plural)

the word for apple is mela,borrowed from italian.

the word for love,the noun,is amor,from latin.

the verb to love is estimar,from catalan.

the word for triangle is triangulo,from esperanto

the verb to make is tegemar,from the estonian "tegema"

the word for language is lingva,from corsican lingua and esperanto lingvo

the word mondo is borrowed from italian,while mondu is borrowed from corsican.

heart is quora, from italian cuore. stone is petra, from corsican

owl is hibu, from french hibou, for male owls, and coruzha, from portuguese coruja, for female owls. neutral is gufo, from italian.

king is rex (informal plural: rexi, formal plural: rexes). queen is rechina (pronounced almost the same as latin regina. plural is rechine [informal] or rechinas [formal])

origin is origo, from latin.

the noun battle has two separate words. batalo (from esperanto) and kombato (from english and french "combat") both are masculine nouns.

ice is glaxa, from french glace and esperanto glacio

all nouns that are marchand in french are marshano, from that word.

sand is sablo, from esperanto

catalyst is katalisto, from french catalyste and esperanto katalizilo

hero is iroo/iroa/irou, from greek íroas

day is chorno, from italian giorno.

yes is si, from spanish and italian

no is simply no, from english

other useful notes[]

no word begins with x or ends with y

when a word ends with qu,it is pronounced kwä