Chrwmiaidos [χɾˠʊm.ɪ.'aɪ̯̆.dɔs]
Type Fusional
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Head-Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Progress 57%
Nouns 70%
Verbs 38%
Adjectives 67%
Syntax 67%
Words of 1500
Creator Warlockelder

Chrwmiaidos [χɾˠʊm.ɪ.'aɪ̯̆.dɔs], usually anglicised as Galloromance or Caledoromance, also known as Cormic, is a descendant of Archaic Latin spoken in a few secluded regions of the Scottish Highlands and Central Wales; the origin story of the language is largely unknown.

Classification and Dialects[]

Chrwmiaidos is believed to have developed from Archaic Latin far before the Vulgar Latin that evolved into the Romance languages came to be; thus, Chrwmiaidos is counted as its own sub-branch of the Italic language family.

It has two major dialects that are mainly distinguished by their amount of loanwords from either Brythonic or Goidelic Celtic languages; in addition, recent attempts to regularise the language have brought about a "Standard Galloromance" which has a lot of double vocabulary due to trying to preserve words from both dialects,

Phonological differences vary as much inside the main dialect-areas as they do between the two main dialects.

The information detailed here largely pertains to the new "Standard Galloromance".



Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Alveolo-palatal/palato-alveolar Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v θ ð s ʃ χ h
Approximant w j
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral app. l ʎ
  • the uvular fricative /χ/ is often realised as a voiced [ʁ] between vowels; before /eː/, /ɛ/, /iː/, /yː/, /ɪ/ and /ʏ/, it is often realised as a velar [x] or [ɣ]
  • before /w/, /ʊ/ or /uː/, a few dialects realise /χ/ as [χʷ] or even merge the sounds into a [ʍ]
  • likewise, the sibilants /s/ and /ʃ/ can be realised as voiced [z] and [ʒ] between vowels
  • the phoneme /ɾ/ takes coloring from the following vowels, becoming [ɾˠ] before the open, back or near-back vowels and [ɾʲ] before any other vowels
  • in coda-position, /l/ is often realised as a velarised [ɫ]


Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High iː yː ɪ ʏ
Near-high ʊ
High-mid ɘ ɘ̆
Low-mid ɛ ɔ
Low ɑ
  • in a few dialects, the unstressed schwa sound [ɘ̆] is sometimes realised as an extra-short  [ɑ̆], [ɛ̆], [ɪ̆], [ʊ̆] or [ʏ̆] where originally an unstress ed short vowel sound existed


Any two vowels can form a diphthong in Chrwmiaidos; however, the front and near-front vowels only occur in diphthong endings. Short vowels in diphthong endings are often extra shortened.



Letter Aa Áá Bb bh Cc ch Dd dh Ee Éé Ff fh
Sound /ɑ/ /aː/ /b/ /w/ /k/ /χ/ /d/ /ð/ /ɛ/ /eː/ /f/ /w/
Letter Gg gh Hh Ii Íí Jj Kk Ll Mm mh Nn Oo
Sound /g/ /χ/ /h/ /ɪ/, /j/ /iː/ /j/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /w/ /n/ /ɔ/
Letter Óó Pp ph Rr Ss sh Tt th Uu Úú Vv vh
Sound /oː/ /p/ /f/ /ɾ/ /s/,


/ʃ/ /t/ /θ/ /ʊ/ /uː/ /v/ /w/
Letter Ww Yy Ââ Êê Îî Ôô Ûû Ŷŷ nn ni ll li
Sound /w/,

/ʊ/, /uː/

/ʏ/, /yː/, /ɪ/, /iː/, /ɘ/, /ɘ̆/ /ɘ̆/ /ɘ̆/ /ɘ̆/ /ɘ̆/ /ɘ̆/ /ɘ̆/ /ɲ/ /ɲ/ /ʎ/ /ʎ/



Nouns in Chrwmiaidos can take on 9 case forms and appear in singular and plural numbers; there are four different declensions for the endings of the nouns.

I Declension - beanna
NOM beanna beannaï
GEN beannaï beannaír
ACC bán beannas
PTV beannaíl beannais
DAT beanna ban(n)ie
LOC beannan ban(n)in
ABL beannadh beannidh
INS beannac beannisc
VOC bán beani
I Declension - acwa Singular Plural
NOM acwa acwaï
GEN acwaï acwaír
ACC acwam acwas
PTV acwaíl acwais
DAT acwa acwia
LOC acwan acwin
ABL acwadh acwidh
INS acwac acwisc
VOC acwy acwyï
II Declension - chános Singular Plural
NOM chános chánoï
GEN chanwy chanuír
ACC chánwm chános
PTV chanoíl chanois
DTV chánae chánia
LOC chánân/chán chánin
ABL chánadh chánidh
INS chanac chanisc
VOC chán cháni
III Declension - rés Singular Plural
NOM rés rés
GEN réï reír
ACC rém rés
PTV reíl reis
DTV réa réia
LOC rén réin
ABL rédh réidh
INS réc réic
VOC rés rés
III Declension - rés Singular Plural
NOM mwrn mwrs
GEN mwrny mwrneír
ACC mwrnem mwrnes
PTV mwrneíl mwrneis
DTV mwrnea mwrneia
LOC mwrnen mwrnein
ABL mwrnedh mwrneidh
INS mwrnec mwrneic
VOC mwrn mwrni
IV Declension - chwrnyw Singular Plural
NOM chwrnyw chwrnyw
GEN chwrny chwrnywm
ACC chwrnw chwrnuis
PTV chwrnuíl chwrnuis
DTV chwrnydh chwrnwdh
LOC chwrnyn chwrnwn
ABL chwrna chwrna
INS chwrnwm chwrnwm
VOC chorn chwrny
IV Declension - archyw Singular Plural
NOM archyw archyw
GEN archy archywm
ACC archw archuis
PTV archuíl archuis
DTV archydh archwdh
LOC archyn archwn
ABL archa archa
INS archwm archwm
VOC arch archy


Chrwmiaidos is a pro-drop language and the predicate of a copular phrase is in the vocative case; that has led to the nominative form of pronouns going extinct. Like Latin, Chrwmiaidos lacks a distinct universal third-person personal pronoun.

Personal pronouns (I and II person) I ps. sng. II ps. plr. I ps. plr. II ps. plr.
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE méwm, méa dwm, dúa nostrws, nostra vestrws, vestra
ACC nós vós
PTV meíl teíl nuíl vhíl
DTV éa téa nía vestra
LOC mén tén nostren vestren
ABL nostra vestra
INS mech tech nostrach vestrach
VOC y vhí


Verbs in Chrwmiaidos have three moods (the jussive, imperative and optative generally counted as one mood) to conjugate to, but only the indicative has preserved temporal distinctions of six tense/aspect combinations from Latin. In addition, there exist a passive past participle and active present and future participles. Differently from Latin, Chrwmiaidos has only one infinitive form.



Example text[]

"Caraim ferbia “Is raich thab swynryfely nía”. Ast thwm east lóchws sanctws, archos, necropólos yw ruinaï, fawch coillad yw spelwnch obscwraiws yn siliabia, farciws scwrnec ast cadawrec fywstac. Pawchuï beis wywestuï chaedestea, ocradh, delichea, ynsywiws wltyc mwrbac. Mantichwr, nadhrach, newlswtws, aesychna, ilyocoros, chimaera, chwrnywc, strych, gwl, waighic, lychantropws, chawrscorpiw, striga, annis dúa, kikimwra, wypper… thám mwltuï chaedywim."

(- translation of the quote below to English:)

"I looked for the words "Witcher urgently needed". And then there'd be a sacred site, a dungeon, necropolis or ruins, forest ravine or grotto hidden in the mountains, full of bones and stinking carcasses. Some creatures which lived to kill, out of hunger, for pleasure, or invoked by some sick will. A manticore, wyvern, fogler, aeschna, ilyocoris, chimera, leshy, vampire, ghoul, graveir, were-wolf, giant scorpion, striga, black annis, kikimora, vypper... so many I've killed."

- page 116, The Last Wish (UK Edition), Andrzej Sapkowski