Introduction[edit | edit source]
Cthuvian, which is also called R'lyehian, is a fictional langauge created by H.P. Lovecraft. It is spoken in a fictional universe called Cthulhu Mythos . This language has an unfamiliar phonology compared to Human Language . It appeared in The Call of Cthulhu , a short story written by Lovecraft.
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Phonology[edit | edit source]
|Stops||p b||t d||k g|
|Fricatives||f v||s sh th||h|
|Approximants||r l y||w|
Since R'lyehian is an alien language, it has a weird syllable structure , CCCCVCC. Terrible, right? The 'h' can be used in two ways:
- When it follows a consonant, it softens its pronunciation. So, "ph" sounds like "f".
- It also stands on its own and sound as "ha", "hu" etc.
Grammar[edit | edit source]
R'lyehian nouns, verbs and other parts of speech are indistinguished from one another. This language is a fusional language, means prefix+noun+suffix construction are common. Prepositions are also prefixed, "ph-" is a prefix for "beyond". "ph'shugg" means "beyond the earth". There are other prefixes such as "ng-" (and then), "mg-" (still), etc. The last repeated syllable changes the noun from singular to plural. So, "n'gha" means "death" and "n'gha-ghaa" means "deaths". The past tense is made by adding the prefix "nafl-" to the verb. So, "sll'ha" means "you are giving (offer)." and "nafl'sll'ha" means "you gave (offer)". Although the word order is free, sometimes the object get prefixed to the verb, which is awkward.
Analysis[edit | edit source]
A famous sentence in "The Call of Cthulhu " in Cthuvian language is given below:
"ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthulhu R'lyeh wgah'nagl fhtagn": ("In his house at R'lyeh dead Cthulhu lies dreaming.")
Literally translated as:
"Over the limit (dead), still dreaming, Cthulhu, (at) R'lyeh, (in) the residential place (palace), lies."
The Cthulhu Mythos is different from our world so word-to-word translation from English to R'lyehian is not possible.
Sentences[edit | edit source]
A poem from "The Burrowers Beneath ":
- Ya na kadishtu nilgh'ri stell'bsna Nyogtha,
- K'yarnak phlegethor l'ebumna syha'h n'ghft,
- Ya hai kadishtu ep r'luh-eeh Nyogtha eeh,
- s'uhn-ngh athg li'hee orr'e syha'h.
The provided translation is:
- I knew nothing at all, I petitioned Nyogtha,
- We shared our thoughts beside the darkest pit,
- I know now the dark wisdom Nyogtha imparts,
- This dark pledge I seal with my immortal soul.
A sentence from "Dead of Night":
"ph'nglui mglw'nafh Cthugha Fomalhaut n'gha-ghaa naf'lthagn."
("Over the limit (dead), still dreaming, Cthugha, (at) Fomalhaut, (wanting) deaths, lied.
A sentence from "The Case of Charles Dexter Ward":
"Y'ai 'ng'ngah, Yog-Sothoth h'ee - l'geb f'ai throdog uaaah."
- Translation is unknown for the above text. It says something regarding Yog-Sothoth.
Words and Phrases[edit | edit source]
|c-||prefix||we, our, us|
|f-||prefix||they, their, them|
|ph'nglui||adjective, adverb||dead, paralyzed|
|mg-||prefix||yet, but, still|
|cthulhu fhtagn||phrase||cthulhu is waiting|
|bug||verb||go, leave for|
|uaaah||interjection||used to end the spell|
Footnote[edit | edit source]
I studied "Utility Cthuvian Dictionary " for understanding R'lyehian. If you wanna contact me, subscribe to my YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCjVN4r47eiTRVyUBof7Rx9A/videos?view_as=subscriber
My construction of the Necronomicon