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SIDENOTE[]

The language is in progress, so don't interpret the state of the pages as it was shitpost, also I am new and don't speak English natively, so if you can help me with translations, you can modify the page or ask me. - MS


Language Family[]

LanguageFamily.png

Tennoqa: Japanese-like sylable stucture, analytical

Artra*:mutation, short and long vowels, fusional.

Vwal: Only one vowel, aglutinative

Traditia*:multiple versions of the same consonants, Ditavqxaj-like grammar

*: Placeholder name

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

Bilabiodental Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal/

Velar

Uvular Glotal
Plosives p, b t, d k, g q,qg/ɢ/
Nasals (and r's) m n, (ɾ, r beetween vowels) r ny /ɲ/ qn /ɴ/, qr /ʀ/
Fricatives (+aproximant's) f, v, w z /θ/ s, l x /ʃ/ y /j/ j /χ/ h
Obstruents Sonorants
Frontal p b t d m n r f v s h w
Dorsal k g q ɢ /qg/ ɲ /ny/ ɴ /qn/ ʀ /qr/ θ /z/ l ʃ /x/ χ /j/ j /y/

Vowels[]

Front Central Back
High i · ï /y/ u
Mid e /e̞/ ë /ə/ o /o̞/
Low a /ä/ · ä /ɒ̈/

ë /ə/ can't have any dipthongs:

Dipthongs
a e i o u ï ä
a X ae ai ao au X
e ea X ei eo eu
i ia ie X io iu X
o oa oe oi X ou X
u ua ue ui uo X X
ï X X X X
ä X äe äi X äu X X

Allophony[]

All alophonic rules are optionals, so also can be called Allophonic Dialectal Rules (ADR)

Voice Assimilation (VA)[]

A voiced sound before a voiceless one, voiced the second sound

Prenasalize Plosives (PNP)[]

A nasal-plosive sequence, articulates as a prenasalize stop regardless of voice

Aproximant-Vowel Interchanges (AVI)[]

Plosives and fricatives cause i, ï and u to mutate into y and w and can be palatalaizator and labializators

ADR Aplication
Before VA After VA Before PNP After PNP Before AVI After AVI After AVI+
[np] [nb] mp mp pi py
[nt] [nd] mb mb pu pw pw
[nf] [nv] nt nt si sj
[ns] [nz] nd nd su sw sw
[lk] [lg] nyk ɲk ki kj ky
[lq] [lɢ] nyg ɲg ku kw
[lθ] [lð] qn'q ɴq ji jy jy
[lʃ] [lʒ] qn'qg ɴɢ ju jw
[lχ] [lʁ]

Phonotactics[]

The sylable structure is (O)(S)V(S)(O), when O stands for Obstruents, S is for Sonorants. V stand for vowel.

Some sylables have more than one vowel, creating a dipthong, that's because a sylable with no coda and another with no onset, merge together.

The maximum intervocalic consonant number is 3.

Also, the language has a feature called "place harmony":

It dishtinguish beetween Frontal and Dorsal consonants and syllables can't have both types of consonants at once

This cause that any prefix or sufix that have a consonant, to have two versions: A Frontal and a Dorsal


Grammar[]

"Nouns"[]

Inflections[]

All nouns doesn't inflect for number, gender or person. Instead there can have a article before than instead get's the inflection.

Article Table
Cl. Nm. Singular Plural
Ps. Gd. Md. M N F M N F
E I qaqnonyi qaqnonyijo qaqnonyij qaqnonyija
N nonyi nonyijo nonyij nonyija
F fanonyi fanonyijo fanonyij fanonyija
I I pesonye pesonyejo pesonyej pesonyeja
N sonye sonyejo sonyej sonyeja
F fasonye fasonyejo fasonyej fasonyeja
I qeqro qeqrï qeqra qeqrïjo qeqrïj qeqrïja
N ergo ergï erga ergïjo ergïj ergïja
F zeqro zeqrï zeqra zeqrïjo zeqrïj zeqrïja
I perabfa pedïtav pededev perabfaso pedïtavuj pededevuja
N rabfa dïtav dedev rabfaso dïtavuj dedevuja
F zeqragfa fadïtav fadedev fadïtavujo fadïtavuj fadedevuja
4º (Art.) I qeqgëxo qeqgëx qeqgëxa qeqgëjo qeqgëj qeqgëja
N eqgëxo eqgëx eqgëxa eqgëjo eqgëj eqgëja
F zeqgëxo zeqgëx zeqgëxa zeqgëjo zeqgëj zeqgëja

Derivation[]

Nouns can also be adverbs and both can be verbs or adjetives with the apropiate sufix

[-(u)ʃ, -(u)t ] "-(u)x, -(u)t" - Noun to Verb

[-(o)q, -(o)h] "-(o)q, -(o)h" - Noun to Adjective

Animacy[]

There are 8 types of animacy, each name will have a animacy class, but if the animacy class is needed to be other than the animacy it has, you can add prefixes to the referent:

A. Type Frontal Dorsal
Ethereal -izq -ist
Syntetic -ilq -ivt
Elemental -izk -ifp
Behaviourus -ast -axk
Kinetic -ahp -ajk
Person -asd -axg
Unknowed (Eth,Syn,Elm) -uzq -uft
Unknowed (Bhv,Knt,Prs) -usp -uxp

Cases[]

Note: the Genitives can co-occur with other cases, the Genitive Suffix is put after the Nom., Acc., Sce., or Dat. Suffixes

Before Verb After Verb
F D F D
Nominative -(a)h -(a)j
Scenic -(u)n -(u)qn
Acusative -(e)f -(e)z
Benefive/Dative -(i)m -(i)l
Relative Genitive -(o)t -(o)q -(o)t -(o)q
Absolutive Genitive -(o)b -(o)g -(o)b -(o)g

Numerals[]

Numbers from 0 to 30 are transcribed with an standard, ordinal, focal ordinal (if is one) or a declarative number.

Numbers from 31 to 900 are transcribed using the prefix of the first digit and the second number's word, also the class are indicated using the second number's class, an exception being the numbers that end in 0.

Numbers from 900 up to infinity are transcribed with prefixing the first number's prefix with a prefix depending on the relative importance of the digit (30->3*10->tepit-), do the same with the next until the non-transcribed part is less than 900 unless it ends in 0.

[of, oθ] "-(o)f, -(o)z" - Invert Suffix

DEC TRGSM Prefixes Standart Ordinal/Focal Ordinal Declarative
00 0 /zero/ id- ides idesan (last) ideso
01 1 /one/ qi- qiti qial qiaqna qito
02 2 /two/ bi- biqo bian biama biqolo
03 3 /three/ te- teqo tean teama teqolo
04 4 /four/ fu- fuqo fuan fuma fuqolo
05 5 /five/ pi- pipeh pipan pima pipeho
06 6 /six/ peqi- peqiti peqal peqito
07 7 /seven/ pebi- pebiqo pebin pebiqolo
08 8 /eigth/ pete- peteqo peten peteqolo
09 9 /nine/ pefu- pefuqo pefun pefuqolo
10/A α /alpha/ si- sasig sasin samat sasigo
11/B β /vita/ saqi- saqiti saqil saqito
12/C γ /gamma/ sabi- sabiqo sabin sabiqolo
13/D δ /ithelta/ sate- sateqo saten sateqolo
14/E ε /epsilon/ safu- safuqo safun safuqolo
15/F η /heta/ mipit- mipitga miisive miisivian mipitgo
16/G Θ /thata/ miqi- miqiti miqil miqito
17/H ζ /zeta/ mibi- mibiqo mibil mibiqolo
18/I ι /eeota/ mite- miteqo miten miteqolo
19/J κ /kapa/ mifu- mifuqo mifun mifuqolo
20/K λ /landa/ ala- jalaqn jal jalija jalo
21/L ξ /gi/ jaqi- jaqiti jaqil jaqito
22/M ρ /row/ jagi- jagiqo jagil jagiqolo
23/N Π /pi, pie/ jaqe- jaqeko jaqel jaqekolo
24/O σ /sigma/ jazu- jazuqo jazul jazuqolo
25/P τ /taf/ nyi- lanyita lanyil lanyaq lanyito
26/Q υ /upsilon/ laqi- laqiti laqil laqito
27/R φ /fii/ lagi- lagiqo lagil lagiqolo
28/S ψ /psii/ laqe- laqeko laqel laqekolo
29/T ω /owmega/ lazu- lazuqo lazul lazuqolo
30 10 /tent/ pit- pitga isive isivian pitgo
900 100 /hundret/ bipit- bipitga biisive bipitgo
27000 1000 /thousant/ tepit- tepitga teisive tepitgo
729000000 1000000 /milliont/ kal- kalqla itgli itgliqa kalqlo
531441 · 1012 10γ /jamhyperion/ gikal- xagikalqla sabitgli xagikalqlo
282429536481 · 1024 10σ /sigmyperion/ zukal- jazukalqla jazuq'gli jazukalqlo
79766443076872509863361 · 1048 10 /ultyperion/ ulka- ulkalqla uliq'gli ulikgliqa ulkalqlo

Adjectives[]

All the Adjectives are derivate with the "Noun to Adjectives" suffix, the conjugation of Adjectives uses a particle, so if many adjectives have some derivation properties, the particle comes after the last in the chain, used as postpositions.

Singular Paucal Plural
+ ø - + ø - + ø -
Positive / ø iqa iqo iqu ona onu one era ero eru
Comparative Superior iqaqn iqoqn iquqn onan onun onen eran eron eron
Equal / ø iqaqr iqoqr iquqr onar onur oner erar eror eror
Inferior iqayu iqoya iquya onawe onuwe onewa erawe erowe erowe
Excesive iqaj iqoj iquj onah onuh oneh erah eroh eroh
Adjective

Meaning

Singular Pacual Plural
Singular (Agreed) some... many...
Plural one... few... (Agreed)

Verbs[]

All the verbs are derivate with the "Noun to Verb" suffix, also the verbs can inflect by tense and verbal mood

Word Article

Incorporation

Primary Sufixes Question

Sufixes

Base Verb LMS Vowel Sufix Mood & Aspect

Verbal Derivation or Locativity Meaning Suffixes (LMS)[]

It used like phasal verbs

Frontal Dorsal Origin Frontal Origin Dorsal Destiny Frontal Destiny Dorsal
Forward -for- -zoqr- -fortas- -zoqrqax- -formu- -zoqrnyu-
Backward -bat- -gaq- -batas- -gaqax- -batmu- -gaqnyu-
At -ner- -qneqr- -nertas- -qneqrqax- -nermu- -qneqrnyu-
Away -weit- -yeiq- -weitas- -yeiqax- -weitmu- -yeiqny-
Clockwise -tvais- -qlaix- -tvaistas- -qlaixqax- -tvaismu- -qlainyu-
C.clockwise -tvait- -qlaik- -tvaitas- -qlaikqax- -tvaitmu- -qlaiknyu-
Left -vet- -leq- -vetas- -leqax- -vetmu- -lenyu-
Rigth -rit- -qrik- -ritas- -qriqax- -ritmu- -qriknyu-
Up -ap- -aq- -aptas- -aqax- -apmu- -anyu-
Down -dau- -gau- -dautas- -gauqax- -daumu- -gaunyi-
Amorfous -mor- -nyoqr- -mortas- -nyoqrqax- -mormu- -nyoqrqnu-
Lineal -nar- -qnaqr- -nartas- -qnaqrqax- -narmu- -qnaqrnyu-

Article Incorporation

Articles can become incorporated inside the verb only to mark the subject

Frontal Dorsal
1º Exclusive -noni- -nyonyi-
1º Inclusive -sone- -xonye-
-eqrgï- -erdï-
3º Masculine -rabfa- -qragza-
3º Neuter -dïtav- -qgïqal-
3º Femenine -dedev- -gegel-
-edës- -egëx-

-q(a)-, -p(e)- - Informal Suffix

-z(e)-, -f(a)- - Formal Suffix

-(u)j, -(u)h - Plural Suffix

-o, -a - Masculine and Feminine Suffix.

Vowel Suffix[]

The first thing that is necessary to do is to put a vowel suffix, marking tense, polarity and aspect.

Past Present Future
Positive Perfect -o/ø -ua
Positive Imperfect -eï -ue
Negative Perfect -a -ui
Negative Imperfect -iä -u -uo

Mood & Cases[]

Then the verb is modified with a verbal Mood & Case suffix, the modal doesn't mark unless various vowel suffixes are needed (In the future, I won't look at the past=-uawí/uiwé)

Frontal Dorsal
Modal -ø/w -ø/y
Near -r -qr /ʀ/
Far -n -qn /ɴ/
Imperative (Modal/Near/Far) -f/-fr/-fn -z/-zqr/-zqn
Intentional/Subjuntive (Modal/Near/Far) -h/-hr/-hn -j/-jqr/-jqn
Potential/Conditinal (Modal/Near/Far) -s/-sr/-sn -x/-xqr/-xqn

Questionary Sufixes[]

In questions, you need to put a questionary suffix, -(o)tah, -(o)qaj.

Subjects and Objects[]

Base Syntagm[]

Optional Obligatory Optional
Article Numerals Nucleus (Noun or Article) Adjective/s Relatives
Mode Base Number Genre Prefixes Base Base Animacy Cases Adjective Sufix Relative Adjetival Names (Syntagm)

Relative Adjectival Names[]

If a word in a sentence is used as an adjective, the Absolute noun (a.k.a. the noun-like noun) is put in Absolute Genitive, while the Relative Noun (a.k.a. the adjective-like noun) is put in Relative Genitive.

Linking Templates[]

Some Base Syntagm or orations can be unified, using Linking conjunctions

Interclause Linking (A -- B)
Type Word
Copulative (and) dan
Adversative (but) baef
Disyuntive (or) rain
Causative (because) fikon
Consecutive (so) sewan
Logical (then) zonit
Past Temporal (Before) taihan
Future Temporal (After) dailan
Additive (plus) fawan
Substractive (minus) qanyik
Multiplitive (by) voït
Distributive (divided by,

euclidean division)

loïq
Equalic (equals) niwal
Mayoric (mayor que) mawon
Menoric (menor que) mewon

Scene Describers[]

Circumstances in the language are expressed using Scenic Preposition (conjunction+Base Syntagm)

Type Name Word
Manner With (Someone) koqr
With (Something) kuiq
Place In (Somewhere) paliqn
On (Somewhere, inside) taliqn
Out (Somewhere, outside) kajiqn
Time When (time) qenar
Ago (time) natan
Later (time) jaqaj

Word Order[]

In Ditavqxaj, the primary word order is SVO/SVIO/ESVIO.

However, voice and focus are conveyed changing the word order.

Word Order None Scene (E) Subject (S) Verb (V) I. Object (I) Object (O)
Transitive Active Voice ESVIO EVSIO SVEOI VSIOE IOESV OVESI
Transitive Pasive Voice OIVES EIOVS SOVIE VIOES IEOVS OIVSE
Atransitive Active Voice ESIV ESVI SVEI VESI IESV
Atransitive Pasive Voice IVES EIVS SEIV VIES IEVS

Writing System[]

Characters Dïtavxaj.png

Alphasylabary[]

In the Alphasylabary, there are 2 types of characters:

Unitals (1 consonants) characters.

Dual (2 consonants) characters.

| is a place holder for anything

The vowel diacritics are read bottom to top, a.k.a.: the top diacritics put his vowel after the consonant and the bottom diacritics put his vowel before the consonant.

Dual characters are formed by putting a "header" char. and a "final" char.

Vocabulary