Head Direction: Final
Number of genders: 4
Nouns: No hetarām
ēkū "near the tree"
I went near the tree:
|near; to be near; to be near to|
īkū "next to the tree"
I went next to the tree:
|next; to be next to|
ōkū "in the tree"
I went in the tree:
ūkū "between the trees" (context: trees)
I went between 3 trees:
kākū "under the tree"
I went under the tree:
ānēkū "on top of the tree"
I went on top of the tree:
gakū "out of the tree"
I went out of the tree:
nākū "to the tree"
|I went to the tree:|
zākū "into the tree"
|I am going into the tree:|
zaku "through the tree"
|I went through the tree:|
nēʻekū "across the tree"
|I went across the tree:|
rēhakū "against the tree"
|I went against the tree:|
kīkū "with the tree"
|I went with the tree:|
gīku "without the tree"
|I went without the tree:|
nekū "in front of the tree"
|I went in front of the tree:|
rehekū "from the tree"
|I went from the tree|
(r 'basic noun', rū 'described noun')
[The bicycle moves: Baikikālar tuha]
[The bicycle is big: Nōli rū baikikāla]
[The big bicycle moves: Baikikālarū nōli tuha]
(ø 'basic noun', moh/ ø ˈdescribed nounˈ)
[A bicycle moves: Baikikāla tuha]
[A bicycle is big: Nōli moh baikikāla]
[A big bicycle moves: Baikikāla nōli tuha]
(ō ˈbasic nounˈˌ moki ˈbasic noun with determinerˈˌ dū ˈdescribed nounˈˌ lohakā ˈdescribed noun with determinerˈ)
[Few bicycles move: Ō baikikāla tuha]
[Those few bicycles move: Moki baikikāla tuha īma]
[Few bicycles are big: Nōli dū baikikāla]
[These few big bicycles move: Lohakā baikikāla nōli tuha mēneˈi]
(no ˈbasic nounˈˌ mau ˈbasic noun with determinerˈˌ mō 'described noun', tenī 'described noun with determiner')
[Bicycles move: No baikikāla tuha]
[Those certain bicycles move: Mau baikikāla tuha īma]
[Bicycles are big: Nōli mō baikikāla]
[These big bicycles move: Tenī baikikāla nōli tuha mēneˈi]
In Daineso, there are two Main genders that can be used for most nouns.
The two genders are Natural and Neutral.
The sex-related genders are Masculine and Feminine.
Neuter is used for undescribed gender words like kid, baby, person, house, horse.
Natural is used for all item that aren't man-made like tree, grass, fire, ocean, and mountain.
Masculine is put on Neuter nouns when it is told as a male or male-like, like man, boy, male dog, fireman.
Feminine is put on Neuter nouns when it is told as a female like woman, girl, female pig, or nurse.
Verbs: No vābabo
[I saw the deer: Mila otu keberīr]
Present: -a/ke, -taba
[I see the deer: Mila otu keberīr]
[I am starting to see the deer: Ke milataba otu keberīr]
Present Participle: -taba
[I am seeing the deer: Milataba otu keberīr]
[I will see the deer: Mile au keberīr]
Past: ho, -a
[The deer was seen: Ho keberīr mila iā otu]
Present: neʻe, -a/ ho, -taba
[The deer gets to be seen: Neʻe keberīr mila iā otu]
[The deer is being seen: Ho keberīr mila iā otu]
Future: ho, -e
[The deer is going to be seen: Ho keberīr mile iā au]
- these words are used rarely in Daineso, but is included.
I- au. otu
We (you and I) katē
We (he and I) ojēte
We (all of us) katuō
We (everyone but you) lautō
[We have toys: Fonalu ojēte no toir]
"We have toys: Fona ojēte no toir"
You (you two)- oulū
You (you three)- oukou
[You have toys: Fonakohe oulū no toir]
"You have toys: Fona oulū no toir"
They (they two)- mimil
They (they three; them)- mokulē
[They have toys: Foninakā mokulē no toir]
"They have toys: Fona mokulē no toir"
Present: -a, -taba
Present Participle: -taba
To describe the generic mood is to put -kanā at either the end of the verb or the beginning of the sentence, depending on syntax.
[The deer is big: Nōli rū kebera/ Kanā nōli rū kebera]
The imperative mood is basically -jo or -so at the end of the verb or beginning of the sentence.
[Move! Jo tuha ou!]
[Move! Ou tuhaso!]
Simple: ke, -a
[I eat: Ke koga otu]
[I am eating: Kogataba otu]
Perfect: ho, -taba
[I have eaten: Ho kogataba otu]
Perfect Progressive: a, -taba *different syntax
[I have been eating: A otu kogataba]
[I ate: Koga otu]
Progressive: hē. -taba
[I was eating: Hē kogataba otu]
Perfect: o, -taba
[I had eaten: O kogataba otu]
Perfect Progressive: ō, -taba
[I had been eating: Ō kogataba otu]
[I will eat: Koge otu]
Progressive: e, -taba
[I will be eating: E kogataba otu]
Perfect: So, -taba
[I shall have eaten: So kogataba otu]
Perfect Progressive: Nu, -taba
[I shall have been eating: Nu kogataba otu]