Conlang
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Dlogian
Dlögo
by SennomaUzanto
Date of creation 26th October 2015
SU-ID {{{SUID}}}
Origin
- a priori
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
nominative-accusative
Head direction
Final
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
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Dlogian/Example_Texts
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Description[]

Dlögo is an agglutinating language.

Background[]

In my German class we were reading a book, called „Und das nennt ihr Mut?” („And you call that courage?”). In that book the main character, Andi, is member of a gang called „The Sharks”. The „Sharks” have a secret language and a secret script. Creating that language was our homework.

Because my classmates do not know anything about linguistics, I will not torture them with „unusual” sounds.

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

Table of consonants
Labial Alveolar Velar
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive voiceless p t k
voiced b d g
Fricative voiceless f s x
voice v z ɣ
Approximant w l

Vowels[]

Table of Monophthongs
Front Central Back
Close i y u
Close-mid o
Open-mid ε œ
Open a

Writing System[]

Writing System
Vowels
Latin IPA Latin IPA
i [i] y [y]
e [ε] ö [œ]
a [a] u [u]
- o [o]
Consonants
Latin IPA Latin IPA
p [p] b [b]
t [t] d [d]
k [k] g [g]
f [f] v [v]
s [s] z [z]
x [x] r [ɣ]
m [m] -
n [n] -
ŋ [ŋ] -
w [w] -
l [l] -

Grammar[]

Syntax[]

Declarative Construction[]

The word order is free.

Interrogative Construction[]

The word order is free. Indefinite pronoun is followed by the interrogative particle ka. If a definite noun, verb, etc. is used instead, the questions turns to a boolean (yes/no) question.

Pronouns[]

Pronouns have the same affixes as nouns.

Personal Pronouns[]

Personal Pronouns
1st 2nd 3rd Indefinite
normal reflexive normal reflexive normal reflexive normal reflexive
ti tli ki kli pi pli si sli

Demonstrative Pronouns[]

Pronouns
Interrogative

(ŋ-)

Indicative Relative

(k-)

Universal

(-)

Negative

(-)

proximal (tu-) distal (ti-)
Person, thing (-al) ŋal tual tial kal
Time (-os) ŋos tuos tios kos
Location (-um) ŋum tuum tium kum
Reason (-ar) ŋar tuar tiar kar
Manner (-ix) ŋix tuix tiix kix

Nouns[]

The noun construction is:

ROOT-CASE-NUMBER-GENDER-POSITION-CONJUNCTION

Affix Meaning
1. Case -p- Nominative, Ablative
-t- Accusative, Directive
-k- Dative, Locative
-v- Genitive, of
-z- Instrumental, with (help of)
-r- Comitative, with
2. Number -e- Singular
-ö- Plural
-a- Dual
3. Gender -n- Masculine
-l- Feminine
-s- Inanimate
-Ø- Animate/Common
4. Conjunction -a and
-o or
-u but
-i rather
-y although
since

Adjective[]

ROOT-CASE-NUMBER

Construction of adjectives
1. Case 2. Number
Affix Meaning Affix Meaning
-s- Nominative -e Singular
-w- Accusative Plural
-l- Dative -a Dual

Verbs[]

The verb construction is: ROOT-NUMBER-PERSON-

Construction of verbs
1. Number 2. Modality 3. Tense 4. Voice 5. Conjunction
Affix Meaning Affix Meaning Affix Meaning Affix Meaning Affix Meaning
-e- Singular -xk Indicative -i- Present -Ø- Active -a and
-ö- Plural -fp Subjunctive -u- Past -n- Passive -o or
-a- Dual -st- Possibility -y- Future -u but
-zd- Imperative -au because
so
-an that

Examples[]

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