Conlang
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Dobassian
Dobausianis mỏva
Type Fusional
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and Dialects[]

The Dobassian language is spoken in the Dobassian Confedereation (Dobausianis Sajēnitis). It is an Indo-European language, which is very difficult for linguists to classify into a language sub-family. It is presumed that the Dobassian language might be part of the Balto-Slavic language family. The problem is that Dobassian shows some similarities with the Balto-Slavic languages (like aspects and noun declensions), but some big differences too (like partial ergativity).

Writing System[]

Letter a b c č d e ē f g h
Sound /a/ /æ/ /b/ /ts/ /tʃ/ /d/ /ɟ/ /ɛ/ /e:/ /f/ /g/ /h/
Letter ȟ i j k l m n o p r s
Sound /x/ /i/ /j/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/ /ɔ/ /wɔ/ /p/ /r/ /s/
Letter š t u ū v z ž
Sound /ʃ/ /t/ /u/ /u:/ /v/ /z/ /ʒ/

Some phonolgy and ortography rules :

  • The letter i preceeded by a consonant and followed by a vowel indicates palatalization : zviēra (=monster) /zvʲe:ra/
  • The letter u preceeded by a consonant or a vowel and followed by a vowel is pronounced as /w/ : dauba (=cupboard) /dawba/ or : pauačia (=tent) /pawatʃʲa/

Grammar[]

Nouns[]

The nouns in Dobassian are declined in ten different cases. The nouns can be either masculine or feminine and they follow three different declension paradigms.

First declension (os/a-declension)[]

Cases

Singular

Masculine

viros (=man)

Feminine

d̦iona (=woman)

Nominative-Accusative viros d̦iona
Vocative viro d̦iona
Ergative vire d̦ionaj
Partitive virias d̦ionias
Dative viri d̦ioni
Genitive vira d̦ione
Instrumental viriom d̦ionam
Locative virū d̦ion
Elative vira̋j d̦iona̋j
Illative viril d̦ionil
Plural
Nominative-Accusative viri d̦ione
Vocative viri d̦ione
Ergative virios d̦iones
Partitive viris d̦ionas
Dative viraj d̦ionis
Genitive viras d̦ionias
Instrumental virieȟ d̦ioniaȟ
Locative virūs d̦iona̋s
Elative viriam d̦ioniam
Illative viriles d̦ioniles

Second declension (is-declension)[]

Cases

Singular

Masculine

būvis (=ox)

Feminine

diēlis (=part)

Nominative-Accusative būvis diēlis
Vocative būvis diēlis
Ergative būve diēle
Partitive būvi diēli
Dative būvie diēlie
Genitive būvia diēlia
Instrumental būvim diēlim
Locative būvū diēlū
Elative būva̋j diēla̋j
Illative būvil diēlil
Plural
Nominative-Accusative būves diēles
Vocative būves diēles
Ergative būves diēles
Partitive būvas diēlas
Dative būvis diēlis
Genitive būvas diēlas
Instrumental būv diēl
Locative būvūs diēlūs
Elative būviam diēliam
Illative būviles diēliles

Third declension (us-declension)[]

Cases

Singular

Masculine

cvienus (=knee)

Feminine

riakus (=hand)

Nominative-Accusative cvienus riakus
Vocative cvienus riakus
Ergative cvienus riakus
Partitive cvieni riaki
Dative cvieni riaki
Genitive cvienūs riakūs
Instrumental cvienem riakem
Locative cviene riake
Elative cviena̋j riaka̋j
Illative cvienil riakil
Plural
Nominative-Accusative cvienūs riakūs
Vocative cvienūs riakūs
Ergative cvienūs riakūs
Partitive cvienum riakum
Dative cvienis riakis
Genitive cviena riaka
Instrumental cvien riak
Locative cvienes riakes
Elative cvieniam riakiam
Illative cvieniles riakiles

Use of the cases[]

  • Nominative-Accusative : marks the subject or the direct object of a sentence. It marks also the attribute of the verbs biti (=to be) and feti (=to become). Some postpositions may take this case too. : Jo viros vid̦ia jo pieškis. (=The man sees the fish.); Jo viros ješt inžineris. (=The man is an engineer.); Jaš fio inžineris. (=I become an engineer.); Jo viros pieška jo pieškis ja d̦iona . (=The man fishes the fish for the woman.)
  • Vocative : marks exclamations : Viro, pieškaš ē? (Oh man, do you fish?)
  • Ergative : marks the subject of sentence with a transitive verb put only in the aorist tense : Je vire piešknat sieptima pieškes. (=The man fished seven fish.)
  • Partitive : marks partialness : Jaš volio deučoliedi. (=I want some ice cream.)
  • Dative : marks the indirect object and is follwed by some postpositions : Jo viros da jo pieškis ji d̦ioni. (=The man gives the woman the fish.); Rad̦iū jo paklienus jaj očiriedis preku. (=They enjoy the ride despite the queues.)
  • Genitive : marks the possessed object, the direct object in a negative sentence (but not in the aorist tense!) and is followed by some postpositions : Jaš čito ja kniga ja inžineria. (=I'm reading the book of the engineer.); Jo viros nie vid̦ia ja pieškia. (=The man doesn't see the fish.); Jaš volio limonada šiekera biez. (=I want a limonade without sugar.)
  • Instrumental : marks the noun being an instrument to the action and is followed by some postpositions : Piēšio piēsma štiftiom. (=I'm writing a letter with a pen.); but : as soon as the instrument is animated, the instrumental case must be followed by the postpreposition sa (=with) : Piēšio piēsma jom viriom sa. (=I'm writing a letter with the man.); Janus sta Nataliam a Aksanam miež. (=Janus stands between Natalia and Aksana.)
  • Locative : marks position of a noun, the precise temporal moment and is followed by some postpositions : Jaš d̦iēvo Kalifornia̋. (=I live in California.); as soon as the location is animated, the locative case must be followed by the postpreposition i (=in) and must be translated more literary : Jaš d̦iēvo Natalia̋ i (=I live in Natalia's house. and not : I live in Natalia. but it would also be correct to say : Jaš d̦iēvo dome Natalie.); Jo nỏvis semestris nočina žienimarū. (=The new semester begins in March.); Zbỏrvamo jū nỏvū Vatame zo. (=We're talking about the new Prime-Minister.)
  • Elative : marks the motion away from a noun, the starting moment and the cause : Je portit poštkarta Hispania̋j. (=He sent a card from Spain.); Jo pirecios petrolia aud̦ia žienimara̋j. (=The price of petrol is rising since March.); Ja parit investicijam. (=She made money from investing.)
  • Illative : marks the motion into a noun, the causing of a feeling, the serving noun and a positive result : Jaš ejo jil domil. (=I go into the house.); Ja ej tū mēnil štoporil. (=She's coming to my amazement.); Tu sadiēliaš jo soboris tujil primošietil. (=You're attending to the meeting to your advantage.)

Adjectives[]

Verbs[]

Syntax[]

Lexicon[]

Example text[]

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