Conlang
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Edorian
Edori
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Nominative-Acusative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General information[]

Edorian is the language mainly spoken by the people of Edoria.

Edorian[]

As Ancient Edorian tribes diverged, different dialects were formed, such as High, Middle and Low Edorian. While they are mutually intelligible, a fourth variety formed in large commercial and cultural centres.

Phonology[]

Consonants, Vowels[]

Consonants Bilabial Dental Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive p b t d k g ʔ
Fricative f v θ ð ʃ ʒ x ɣ
Sibilant s z
Nasal m n
Glide w j
Lateral, Trill l
Trill r

Vowels[]

the Edorian has five vowels: i, e, a, o and u.

Orthography and transliteration[]

Each sound is represented by a unique character (that may vary in dialects), for ease of transliteration special IPA characters are transliterated as follows:

θ ð ʃ ʒ x ɣ ʔ
th, dh sh, zh kh, gh h

Morphology[]

Verbs[]

Verbs are conjugated according to tense, number and person. Aspect, mood and voice are expressed periphrastically. Each verb has two base stems, present and past/future. Future and past tense are inherently perfective.

Present tense, dher-/dhjor-, "to see"
Singular Plural
1st dher dhermin
2nd dherth dhersin
3rd dheri dher
Future Tense, dher-/dhjor-, "to see"
Singular Plural
1st dhjor dhjormun
2nd dhjorth dhjorsun
3rd dhjoru dhjor
Past Tense, dher-/dhjor-, "to see"
Singular Plural
1st edhjor edhjoram
2nd edhjorth edhjoran
3rd edhjora edhjor

Perfective aspect is formed with a prosthetic "t-, ti-, tu-" particle on the present stem verb (forming subjunctive), while imperfective is formed by adding "-e" to the past or future forms (future and past continuous).

Passive voice is formed by a corresponding dative pronoun added to the front of the verb, while imperative form corresponds to the future tense base form.

The verb "to be" (en-, jon-) in present tense is not used in Common and North dialects. Eastern dialects add verb endings to the last word of the sentence to denote the verb. In South-Western dialect, the verb appears in all forms. Variations are also permited within a single dialect based on the sentence structure, disambiguation and emphasis.

Singular Plural
1st en, -n

jon

ejon

emin, -min

jomun

ejonam

2nd eth, -th

joth

ejoth

ensin, -sin

jonsun

ejonan

3rd eni, -i

jonu

ejona

en, -in

jon

ejon


Nouns and Adjectives[]

Nouns and pronouns have four cases, nominative, genitive, dative and accusative. They are divided into subject/object categories, subject being mostly living and personified substantives. Adverbs and adjectives only have one form as far as case and number are concerned, but are declined as base, comparative and superlative.

nair "fire", animate
Singular Plural
Nominative nair nairen
Acc/Gen. nairi nairem
Dative nairu nairum


doru "tree", inanimate
Singular Plural
Nom./Acc. doru dorven
Genitive dorvi dorvem
Dative dorvu dorvum


Adjectives are declined in higher registers based on the animateness of the head noun.

Pronouns[]

First Singular

Second Singular Third Singular First Plural Second Plural Third Plural
Nom. khe dhe je im in jen
Acc. aghi, ah adhi, ath anai, aj am an ain
Gen. aghi, ghi adhi, dhi anai, ai min sin jen
Dat. khu dhu ju min sin jen

Possession is expressed by the dative pronouns that correspond to the possessor and follow the possessed. Example: Re doru khuyi/khu (eni). (This is my tree).

Vocabulary[]

Basic vocabulary
English Edorian Comments
that re
who/what we
no, not ma, m- Prefixed on verbs for negation
and o
one jek
two khun
three sen
man voron used both as man, husband
woman akhen usea both as, woman, wife
big juhus
small ist
want aleh-, aljoh-
bite isamru-, eisamru-

Dialects[]

There are three distinct dialects, Northern, Eastern and South-Western, each has a set of particular deviations but are mutually understandable,

Example sentence: The sun bit and the skin is not red.

Common: Sahar eisamrua o mijer narí ma.

SW: Sahar eisamrua o mijer narí meni.

North: Saer eisamrua o mijer narí ma.

East: Ahar aiamrua u mijar narimi.

Example sentences[]

The man saw the woman.: Voron akheni edhjora.
The woman will not see him.: Akhen anai madhjoru.
He wants to see her.: Alehi anai tidhjor.
She didn't want to see the fires.: Maljoha nairem tidhjor.
I see three small men.: Sen juhus voronem khe dher.
She wanted the small tree.: Ist doru aljoha.
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