Elane is a fictional language created by Jessie M. Strickland.


Consonants :[]

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post Alveolar Palatal Velar labiovelar Uvular glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p b t d k g kw gw q
Affricate ch dʒ
Fricative f th dh s z sh zh x gh h
Approximant w~v l r~rh j

Vowels :[]

Front Back
Close i y u
close-mid e ø o
near-open ae
Open a

Diphthongs :[]

Rising Falling
ia ei
ie eu
io oi

Prosody and Accent[]

Heavy and light syllables[]

A syllable is light if:

  • It ends with a short vowel. This includes rising diphthongs that ends in a short vowel

A syllable is heavy if:

  • It contains with a long vowel
  • It contains a falling diphthong
  • It contains a long rising diphthong
  • It ends with a consonant

A syllable is super heavy if :

  • A closed syllable containing a long vowel followed by one consonant.
  • A closed syllable containing a vowel of any length followed by two consonants.
For syllable boundaries at the middle of a word, a good rule of thumb is that if a vowel is followed by two consonants, the first consonant is at the end of a syllable and thus the syllable is heavy. For this purpose:
  • Digraphs, such as rhgh count as a single consonant.
  • A double consonant (e.g. rrss) counts as two consonants


Syllable structure[]

The maximum possible syllable structure in Elane is CCCVːCC.[1]

Permitted onsets[]

A syllable may begin with a single consonant, or a permitted cluster. Known permitted clusters consist of an oral stop followed by either a liquid, or a sibilant.

Permitted nuclei

A nucleus may be a short vowel, a long vowel, or a diphthong.

Permitted codas[]

Any consonant may appear as a geminate, except for the palatals[1] (ñj)


A word may begin with the following:

. a vowel

. a single consonant

. a consonant cluster that is permitted:

. stop + liquid

. fricative + approximant

. nasal + stop .

1st 2nd
f j l r~rh
th dh r~rh
sh w~v l j r~rh
zh w~v l j r~rh
x j r~rh
gh j r~rh
h j l w~v r~rh
1st 2nd 3rd
s p




z b



1st 2nd
m b p
n d t
ng k g q kw gw


Word-final consonants

  • Only /t, s, n, r, l, k,h,z,m/

Word-medial consonant clusters

  • The following clusters are not possible in Elane.
    • any exceeding 3 consonants (except in loan words)
    • stop + nasal
    • labial stop + non-labial stop
    • nasal + non-homorganic obstruent (except /nh/)
    • liquid + liquid

Vowel phonotactics[edit][]

Vowel phonotactics are as follows.[16]

Word-final and word-initial vowels

  • Any of the vowels can be found in this position.

Vowel sequences

  • Double/long vowels

Palatal resonants[]

The palatal resonant, ñ has a particularly limited distribution:

  • It may not double.[1]
  • They depalatalize before i, or any consonant except for j.
    • Likewise, ñ [ɲ] becomes [n], however this is not consistently reflected in the transcription system: the sound may be written either n or ñ, but either way it is pronounced [n].


Noun cases[]

Nominative - " the man"

Accusative - " the man"

Dative - "the man"

Genitive - "my man" "of the man"

Allative - "towards the man"

Ablative - "from the man"

Essive - " sad" "i am a man"

Locative - " in the house" " out of the house" "onto of the house"

Instrumental - "with the knife"

Comitative - " with my mom"

Vocative - " O' lord hear me"


Lunar - ends in a vowel. mostly people and nocturnal animals

Solar - ends in s. mostly occupations and diurnal animals.

Terrestrial - ends in n. mostly foods, plants and metals.

Aquatic - ends in r. mostly bodies of water and liquids.


Singular - one of something.

Dual - two of something.

Plural - three or more of something.

Paucal - a few of something.

Collective - all of something.

Noun Declension[]


Tense ~ Aspect[]

Aspect Basic Perfective Imperfective
Present present perfect future
recent past pluperfect imperfect
far past preterite
Timeless aorist habitual

Aorist - i eat.

Present - i am eating.

Past - i ate.

future - i will eat.

perfect - i have eaten.

pluperfect - i had eaten.

imperfect - i was eating.

habitual - i used to eat.

preterite - i ate all the time.


Infinitive - the dictionary form of a verb. " to walk"

Imperitive - the command form of a verb." Walk!"

Referential - the story form of a verb. " I heard that he walked."

Subjunctive - the uncertain form of a verb. " i could run" " i wish i could run"


Active - to act.

Passive - to be acted upon.


Singular -

Dual -

Plural -


1st - " I"

2nd - " you "

3rd - " he/she/it"

zero - " a person"