Conlang
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Eltave
Médto Qéltuwis
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Accusative
Head direction
mostly right
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General Information[]

The Eltave language (/ˈɛltɛɪv/, natively Médto Qéltuwis [ˈmætɔ ˈʔæltʰuwis])

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

labial alveolar palatal velar glottal
nasal m mː n nː
stop p pʰ b t tʰ d k kʰ ʔ
fricative f fː v s sː z ɬ ɬː ʃ ʃː ʒ h
approximant l lː j w
rhotic ɾ ʀ
  • stops neutralize to tenuis syllable-finally a la Vlax Romani
  • /k/ is voiced intervocalically.

Vowels[]

front back
close i u
close-mid e o
open-mid æ ɔ
open ä

Diphthongs: ɔj, äj, ɛw, äw

Stress[]

Stress is unpredictable.

Phonotactics[]

CV(C[-j, w, h])

Orthography[]

Eltave orthography writes most simple roots with logograms, and some affixes get this treatment too, but borrowed words and other affixes are written in an abjad.

Letter n r dt s l t y d v w m h
Sound /n/ /ɾ/ /t/ /s/ /l/ /tʰ/ /j/ /d/ /v/ /w/ /m/ /h/
Letter k x bp f ł p g b q z j ř
Sound /kʰ/ /ʃ/ /p/ /f/ /ɬ/ /pʰ/ /k/ /b/ /ʔ/ /z/ /ʒ/ /ʀ/
  • <y> can also represent /ɔj/, /e/, and /aj/.
  • <w> can also represent /ɛw/, /o/, and /aw/.

Verbs[]

person-stem-voice-modality-tense Average verbs have 630 inflectional forms. The basic, dictionary form is the third person, active voice, indicative present

Person[]

sg pl
1ex v(a)- vei(l)-
1in d(a)-
2 y(a)- qi(l)-
3 (q)- qoi(l)-

Voice[]

affix example English
Active -0- rau It eats.
Passive -n(i)- raun It's eaten.
Middle -ł(i)- rauł It eats itself.
Causative -mi- raumi It feeds something.
Abilitative -si- rausi It can eat.

Modality[]

affix example English
Indicative -0 rau It eats.
Energetic -qa rauqa It does eat.
Optative -(u)x raux I hope it eats.
Hypothetical -ne raune It could eat.
Interrogative -b raub Does it eat.
Subjunctive -f(f)e rauffe It will eat./It's my opinion that it eats./That it eats.
Conditional -ta rauta It would eat.
Deductive -r raur I guess it eats (because...).
Reportative -z rauz I was told it eats.

Tense[]

Nonpast <-0> vs. Past <-(o)g>

Syntax[]

Word order is SVO. Subject pronouns can be dropped due to subject marking on the verb. And object pronouns can be moved before the verb. Postpositional phrases modifying nouns go before them and when modifying verbs, go after.

Examples[]

  • Yab luglug? [ˈjäp lukˈluk] “Are you stupid/dumb/an idiot/my mother-in-law?” <2s.int l.g.l.g>
  • Noułgul sen medtiz. [ˈnoɬkul ˈsæn ˈmætiz] “I was told God speaks to you.” <god 2s.n speak.z>
  • Vousirog mosa dtel. [ˈvosiɾɔk ˈmɔsä ˈtæl] “I guess I was able to have some melons.” <1s.have.pst melon dt.l>
  • Seq vendtusine. [ˈsæʔ vænˈtusinæ] “I could beat you up.” <2s.q 1s.fight.abil.hyp>
  • Yaraunneqag! [jäˈɾäwnːæʔäk] “You could have been eaten!” <2s.eat.n.hyp.ener.pst>
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