Conlang
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Etrsksix Langv
Type Fusional
Alignment Nominative–accusative
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Alexrealinho


Classification and Dialects[]

The Etrsksix Langv πŒ„πŒ•πŒ“πŒ”πŒ—πŒ‰πŒ‘ πŒ‹πŒ€πŒπŒ‚πŒ… /etrsksiΚƒ langv/ (The Horsing [People] Language or The Etrusksish language) is a Fusional language with no tones, heavely declined, having three genders, Weak, Neutral, and Strong (each divided into Fragile and Hard in some situations), dividing itself into definitive and indefinitive forms, and singular, dual and plural, in a single declension. Articles having stationary and non-stationary forms, and adjectives having unique, strong and weak forms. Presenting itself with 14 cases that are either attached or preceed the noun.

Presenting 4 time tenses: Past, Present, Future and Future in the Past, with 4 verb qualities: Quality-driven, ΓΎ-driven, e-driven/umlaut-driven and consonantic-driven. Normal verbs don't decline for number or person, however some verbs present a irregular way to be declined, and decline for number and person.

Aspect, Mood, and Voice

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

The Consonant system in EL is composed by:

  • 17 Clear Consonants: 𐌁 /b/, πŒ‚ /g/, πŒƒ /d/, πŒ… /v~w/, πŒ‡ /h/, 𐌈 /ΞΈ~Γ°/, 𐌊 /k/, πŒ‹ /l/, 𐌌 /m/, 𐌍 /n/, 𐌐 /p/, πŒ‘ /Κƒ/, πŒ’ /q/, πŒ“ /r/, πŒ” /s/, πŒ• /t/, 𐌚 /f/
  • 7 Composed Consonants: πŒ† /ts/,𐌎 /tΚƒ/, πŒ— /ks/, 𐌘 /ps/, πŒ™ /kΟ‡/, πŒ‡πŒ“ /ʁ/, πŒ’πŒ‡(πŒ“) /qΟ‡~qʁ/
  • 1 Soiled Consonant: πŒ‰ /i/ or /j/


Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m [𐌌] n [𐌍]
Plosive p [𐌐]

ps [𐌘]

b [𐌁]

f [𐌚]

v~w [πŒ…]

t [πŒ•] d [πŒƒ] k [𐌊]

ks [πŒ—]

g [πŒ‚]

q [πŒ’]
Fricative ΞΈ~Γ° [𐌈] s [πŒ”] Κƒ [πŒ‘] ʁ [πŒ‡πŒ“] h [πŒ‡]
Affricate ts [πŒ†] tΚƒ [𐌎] kΟ‡ [πŒ™]

qΟ‡~qʁ [πŒ’πŒ‡(πŒ“)]

Approximant j [πŒ‰]
Trill r [πŒ“]
Lateral app. l [πŒ‹]

Vowels[]

The Vowel system in EL is composed by:

  • 5 Normal vowels: πŒ€ /a/, πŒ„ /e/, πŒ‰ /i/, 𐌏 /o/, πŒ– /u/
  • 5 Umlauted/E-mutated vowels, πŒ€πŒ„ /ɛː ~ æː/ , πŒ„πŒ„ /eː/ , πŒ‰πŒ„ /iː/, πŒπŒ„ /øː ~ ɡː/ , πŒ–πŒ„ /yː/
  • 4 Composed/U-I-mutated Vowels: πŒ€πŒ‰/πŒ„πŒ‰ /aj/, πŒ„πŒ– /Ι΅w/,πŒ–πŒ‰ /yː/
Front Central Back
High i [πŒ‰] iː [πŒ‰πŒ„] - yː [πŒ–πŒ„ / πŒ–πŒ‰] u [πŒ–]
High-mid e [πŒ„] eː [πŒ„πŒ„] øː ~ ɡː [πŒπŒ„] - Ι΅w* [πŒ„πŒ–*] o [𐌏]
Low-mid ɛː ~ æː [πŒ€πŒ„]
Near-low
Low a [πŒ€] aj* [πŒ€πŒ‰* / πŒ„πŒ‰*]

*aj and Ι΅w are considered pure vowels in the systems, even though they are composed with vowel semi-vowel combination

Phonotactics[]

Writing System[]

Letter πŒ€ 𐌁 πŒ‚ πŒƒ πŒ„ πŒ… πŒ†
Romanization a b g d e v ts
Sound a b g d e v/w ts
Letter πŒ‡ 𐌈 πŒ‰ 𐌊 πŒ‹ 𐌌 𐌍
Romanization h ΓΎ i k l m n
Sound h ΞΈ/Γ° i/j k l m n
Letter 𐌎 𐌏 𐌐 πŒ‘ πŒ’ πŒ“ πŒ”
Romanization tx o p x q r s
Sound tʃ o p ʃ q r s
Letter πŒ• πŒ– πŒ— 𐌘 πŒ™ 𐌚 πŒ‡πŒ“ πŒ’πŒ‡(πŒ“)
Romanization t u ks ps kh f hr qh(r)
Sound t u ks ps kΟ‡ f ʁ qΟ‡ /qʁ
Letter πŒ€πŒ„ πŒ–πŒ„ /πŒ–πŒ‰ πŒ‰πŒ„ πŒπŒ„ πŒ„πŒ„ πŒ€πŒ‰ /πŒ„πŒ‰ πŒ„πŒ– πŒ‰+V
Romanization ae/Γ€ ue/ΓΌ/ui ie/Γ― oe/ΓΆ ee/Γ« ai/ei eu i+V [V not e]
Sound æː/ɛː yː iː ɡː/øː eː aj Ι΅w j+V

Grammar[]

Nouns[]

Cases declension[]

The EL has 14 cases that a noun can decline in, with the nominative case having two forms, one at the beginning of the phrase/sentence, and one at any other place of the sentence.

Cases Rules *only applicable if not in first place
Nominative nomnt πŒπŒπŒŒπŒπŒ• (no) + noun the fox subject (no*) lops (𐌍𐌏*) πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜
Accusative aumnt πŒ€πŒ–πŒŒπŒπŒ• au + noun the fox direct obj au lops πŒ€πŒ– πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜
Dative damnt πŒƒπŒ€πŒŒπŒπŒ• da + noun to the fox indir obj da lops πŒƒπŒ€ πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜
Vocative vΓΆmnt πŒ…πŒπŒ„πŒŒπŒπŒ• vΓΆ + noun oh the fox vΓΆ lops πŒ…πŒπŒ„ πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜
Possessed (p) gΓ«mnt πŒ‚πŒ„πŒ„πŒŒπŒπŒ• noun + -(a)gΓ« the fox of lopsgΓ« πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜πŒ‚πŒ„πŒ„
Possessor (P) argΓ«mnt πŒ€πŒ“πŒ‚πŒ„πŒ„πŒŒπŒπŒ• noun + -(a)rgΓ« the fox's lopsrgΓ« πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜πŒ“πŒ‚πŒ„πŒ„
Locative admnt πŒ€πŒƒπŒŒπŒπŒ• ad- + noun to the fox adlops πŒ€πŒƒπŒ‹πŒπŒ˜
Ablative ausmnt πŒ€πŒ–πŒ”πŒŒπŒπŒ• aus + noun from the fox aus lops πŒ€πŒ–πŒ” πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜
Instrumental mΓΌtmnt πŒŒπŒ–πŒ„πŒ•πŒŒπŒπŒ• mΓΌt + noun with the fox (tool) mΓΌt lops πŒŒπŒ–πŒ„πŒ• πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜
Comitative mitmnt πŒŒπŒ‰πŒ•πŒŒπŒπŒ• mit + noun with the fox (comp) mit lops πŒŒπŒ‰πŒ• πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜
Ornative bemnt πŒπŒ„πŒŒπŒπŒ• be- +noun with the fox (gift) belops πŒπŒ„πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜
Topic hemnt πŒ‡πŒ„πŒŒπŒπŒ• h- + noun / he + hnoun the fox hlops πŒ‡πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜
Causal fΓΌrmnt πŒšπŒ–πŒ„πŒ“πŒŒπŒπŒ• fΓΌr + noun for the fox fΓΌr lops πŒšπŒ–πŒ„πŒ“ πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜
Causal Final fΓΌrdamnt πŒšπŒ–πŒ„πŒ“πŒƒπŒ€πŒŒπŒπŒ• fΓΌr + da + noun because of the fox fΓΌr da lops πŒšπŒ–πŒ„πŒ“ πŒƒπŒ€ πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜

Definitiveness, Number, and Strength-Sub-Strength declension[]

Each noun in the language has a defined Strength and Sub-Strength, normally depending on the actual strength of the noun, but also on the consonants that the noun has.

For example:

Strength Sub-Strength Examples Class normally included Normal consonant endings
Strong Hard Etrs Horse (hard) Living Terrestrial, Living Aerial,  Concepts, predators 1-3 ending consonants
Fragile Lops Fox (Fragile)
Neutral Hard Stan Stone (hard) Immobile, Living Aquatic, prey 1-2 ending consonants
Fragile Fisk Fish (fragile)
Weak Hard Pin Finger (hard) Parts of, Fragile Things,  Concepts 0-1 ending consonants
Fragile Glas Glass ( fragile)


This strength and sub-strength system decide what the declination of the definitiveness and number will look like:

  • weak nouns get their vowel umlauted/e-mutated in dual and plural forms, and add s in plural
  • neutral get their vowel umlauted/e-mutated in dual and plural forms and add a k(dual) and ks(plural);
  • strong add a k(dual) and ks(plural);
  • Indefinitive forms add a final n to the Definitive form;
Singular Dual Plural
Def Weak pin πŒπŒ‰πŒ pien /pΓ―n πŒπŒ‰πŒ„πŒ piens / pΓ―ns πŒπŒ‰πŒ„πŒπŒ”
Neutral fisk/stan πŒšπŒ‰πŒ”πŒŠ/πŒ”πŒ•πŒ€πŒ fiesk/staenk

fΓ―sk/stΓ€nk

πŒšπŒ‰πŒ„πŒ”πŒŠ/πŒ”πŒ•πŒ€πŒ„πŒπŒŠ fiesks/staenks

fΓ―sks/stΓ€nks

πŒšπŒ‰πŒ„πŒ”πŒ—/πŒ”πŒ•πŒ€πŒ„πŒπŒ—
Strong etrs πŒ„πŒ•πŒ“πŒ” etrsk πŒ„πŒ•πŒ“πŒ”πŒŠ etrsks πŒ„πŒ•πŒ“πŒ”πŒ—
Indef Weak pinn πŒπŒ‰πŒπŒ pienn / pΓ―nn πŒπŒ‰πŒ„πŒπŒ piensn / pΓ―nsn πŒπŒ‰πŒ„πŒπŒ”πŒ
Neutral fiskn/stann πŒšπŒ‰πŒ”πŒŠπŒ/πŒ”πŒ•πŒ€πŒπŒ fieskn/staenkn

fΓ―skn/stΓ€nkn

πŒšπŒ‰πŒ„πŒ”πŒŠπŒ/πŒ”πŒ•πŒ€πŒ„πŒπŒŠπŒ fiesksn/staenksn

fΓ―sksn/stΓ€nksn

πŒšπŒ‰πŒ„πŒ”πŒ—πŒ/πŒ”πŒ•πŒ€πŒ„πŒπŒ—πŒ
Strong etrsn πŒ„πŒ•πŒ“πŒ”πŒ etrskn πŒ„πŒ•πŒ“πŒ”πŒŠπŒ etrsksn πŒ„πŒ•πŒ“πŒ”πŒ—πŒ

Adjectives[]

Adjectives also decline with the noun they accompany, but only by their strength and definitiveness, but not directly applying that strength, they only have either strong or weak versions, with some irregular adjectives having one unique form. Normally the adjective will have the opposite form to the noun, with neutral being decided by the definitiveness.

If the noun is definitive, the only time an adjective has to "support" the noun, is if the noun is weak, so the adjective goes into the strong form.

If the noun is indefinitive, the only time an adjective has to be "support" the noun, is if the noun is strong, so the adjective goes into the weak form.

Noun Adjective
Definitiveness of the Noun Strength of the Noun Strength of the Adjective
Definitive Weak Strong
Neutral Weak
Strong Weak
Indefinitive Weak Strong
Neutral Strong
Strong Weak


Example:

strosk - strong adj Singular Plural
Weak stroesk / strΓΆsk stroeskns / strΓΆskns
Strong stonsk stonskns
qvig - quick adj Singular Plural
Unique qvig / qvieg / qvΓ―g qvigns / qviegns / qvΓ―gns
brau - brown adj Singular Plural
Weak braeu / brΓ€u braeuns / brΓ€uns
Strong braun brauns*

*irregular form since brau has no second ending consonant to separate the two ns, so they are merged

Usage example:

  • πŒ‹πŒπŒ˜ πŒπŒ„πŒπŒ‰πŒ„πŒš πŒ’πŒ…πŒ‰πŒ‚ πŒ”πŒŠπŒπŒ„πŒšπŒŠ πŒπŒ“πŒ€πŒ„πŒ–
  • lops benief qvig skoefk braeu / lops benΓ―f qvig skΓΆfk brΓ€u
  • the beautiful small quick brown fox
    • fox (strong fragile)
    • small -  skoefk/skΓΆfk - unique
    • beautiful - benif - ben (beauty)+if(full of)
      • +if - full of - have always both forms
      • +ibn - lack of - always unique - only plural with s

The ix suffix[]

The ix suffix transforms nouns into adjectives, they work diferently to normal adjectives, non-(r/s/ps/ts)ix ending behave as normal adjectives, while (r/s/ps/ts)ix ending get their strength from the original noun itself.

-ix Singular Plural
Weak iex / Γ―x iexns / Γ―xns
Neutral Fragile
Neutral Hard ix ixns
Strong

Examples usage:

  • Etrs glasΓ―x - glass horse, Pin glasΓ―x* - glass finger
  • fiskΓ―x Etrs - fishy horse, fiskix Pin - fishy finger
  • Etrs stanΓ―x - stone horse, Pin stanix - stone finger
  • lopsix Etrs* - foxy horse, lopsix Pin - foxy finger

* examples of the -(r/s/ps/ts)ix ending

Positioning Adjectives[]

Per rule, all adjectives go after the noun they adjectivate, if they are an objective modification, meaning they are either true, or are declarative, or literal about the noun.

If they are figurative modifications, they go before the noun.

An exception to these rules is the language names, languages names carry the -ix suffix and go before the noun, normally Langv.


Verbs[]

Syntax[]

Lexicon[]

Example text[]

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