Chapter 1: Phonology[]


Base Vowels[]

There are 6 base vowels in Germano, these are, in alphabetical order:

a, e, i, o, u, y

The corresponding IPA pronounciation of these base vowels are:

[a], [ɛ], [i], [ɔ], [u], [y]

Vowel Modifiers[]

Vowel modifiers are vowels placed after base vowels in order to modify the pronunciation of that base vowel. There are 3 Vowel Modifiers in Germano, and they are as follows:

  • -e makes the vowel long
  • -o makes the vowel rounded (only works for a and e)
  • -u makes the vowel lateral (or adds a lateral approximant)

Because you cannot have two of the same vowel in a row, in order to signify a long "e" or a lateral "u", you place an umlaut over it.

Vowel Chart[]



unrounded rounded rounded
regular lateral regular lateral regular lateral
Close short i iu y yu u ü
long ie ieu ye yeu ue üe
Open-mid short e eu eo eou o ou
long ë ëu ëo ëou oe oeu
Open short a au ao aou
long ae aeu aoe aoeu


Standard Consonants[]

There are 16 standard consonants in Germano, these are, in alphabetical order:

b, c, d, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, z

The corresponding IPA pronunciation of these consonants are:

[b], [g], [d], [d͡ʒ], [h], [j], [k], [l], [m], [n], [p], [kʷ], [r], [s], [t], [v], [w], [z]


There are 6 digraphs in Germano. These are, in alphabetical order:

ch, ng, ph, sh, zh, wh

The IPA pronunciation of these digraphs are, as follows:

[t͡ʃ], [ŋ], [ɸ], [ʃ], [ʒ], [ʍ]