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Gissou is a language spoken in Gissai, a country to the east of Fleuris, a continent of Kronite. It is spoken by almost 60 milion people and is one of the most important languages of Fleuris.

Gissou
Gicar
Type
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and Dialects[]

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k g q
Fricative ɸ f v s z ʃ ç χ
Affricate q͡χ
Approximant ɻ j
Lateral app. l

Vowels[]

Front Central Back
High i u
High-mid e
Low-mid ɛ ɔ
Low ä

Phonotactics[]

Stress[]

There is no fixed stress in Gissou, although the last syllabe is often accentuated

Writing System[]

Letter Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee, Êê Ff Gg Hh Ii Kk Ll Mm
Sound ä b s, k d ɛ ɸ g ... i, aɪ q l m
Letter Nn Oo Pp Qq Ɵɵ Rr Ғғ Ss Šš Tt Uu Vv
Sound n ɔ p ku q͡χ ɻ χ, ç z, s, ʃ s t u f
Letter Ww Yy Ëë
Sound v i, j e

The letter "s" is pronounced /s/ before a consonant or at the end of words. In any other cases, it is pronounced /z/. If this letter is before a "t" or a "p", it is pronounced /ʃ/

Grammar[]

The order in sentences is most of the time SVO. The adjectives are before the noun.

Nouns[]

In Gissou, nouns always have a capital letter.

Number[]

To form the plural of nouns, you just need to add an -ë to the end of the word. If the noun ends with a vowel, instead of an -ë, you add -ns or mrore rarely -s or -n

Example :

Da Khats -> Khatsë (The Cat -> Cats)

Determiners[]

Nouns use most of the time determiners :

Singular Plural
Definite da / des (with a vowel)
Indefinite se sese
Demonstrative Fo Fonn

Genitive[]

Gissou has a special genitive construction. To form the genitive, you add -(ê)d to the the dependent which is located before the head. We also add n' to the end of the determiner.

Example :

Dan' Taintêd Difrêt (The aunt's glasses)

Adjectives[]

Adjectives are never declined. Adjectives can have a prefix form which can be used with the noun.

Example :

Da banbiqo (The blue pen) - biqo : pen and bank : blue

Pronouns[]

There are four relative pronouns in Gissai :

Singular Plural
1rst person I
2nd person Tail
3rd person Fnail Foll

Verbs[]

Each verb has an infinitive form wich is never used in constructed sentences. The stem of a verb always ends with a vowel. To conjugate a verb, you just need to add the proper ending to the stem of the verb.

Note : Most of verbs are regular and have the same ending pattern

Present[]

The present tense endings are :

Singular Plural
1rst person -s
2nd person -š or -s
3rd person -t -rta

Example : smêr (to be)

1st smês
2nd smês (or -š rarely)
3rd sing. smêt
3rd plur. smêrta

Adverbs[]

In Gissou, adverbs are used as prefixes of the verb. They are not declined.

Negation[]

Negation is formed by adding the prefix ki- to the verb.

Example :

I kigaês (I doesn't eat)

[]

Lexicon[]

Example text[]

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