Conlang
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Hantajl
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal Yes
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words ? of 1500
Creator Draco333


Classification and Dialects[]

The name Hantajl can be broken down to the stems "han", "ta", and "il". Han means "to speak". Ta means "thing that does (preceding verb). Il means "of (preceding noun)". Literally, it means "of the thing that speaks", but is sometimes translated as "of the speaker".

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal
Plosive
Fricative
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

Vowels[]

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High
Near-high
High-mid
Mid
Low-mid
Near-low
Low

Phonotactics[]

There are no vowel diphthongs in Hantajl. If vowels are to follow each other due to suffix clashes or other instances, they will change form. If the second vowel is i or u, it will become j and w respectively. If it is the same as the first vowel, it will become long. if it is anything else it will transform into an apostrophe, ('), which is pronounced as a glottal stop.

Writing System[]

Letter P T K F Th X B D G V Dh Gh
Sound
Letter L R S W J A A' E E' I I' O
Sound
Letter O' U U'
Sound

Grammar[]

The Genders[]

All nouns and verbs are divided into three genders. The first is lanta, or "The Creator", which refers to nouns that create (such as "mother" or "cloud") and verbs which are done to create (such as "build" or "write"). The second is "rotta", or "The Supporter", which refers to nouns that support (such as "food" or "farmer") and verbs which are done to support (such as "breathe" or "eat"). The third is "dorsa", or "The Destroyer", which refers to nouns that destroy (such as "hunter" or "blade") and verbs which are done to destroy (such as "burn" or "kill").

Nouns[]

Nouns are declined based on number and case. The gender affects which declensions it will have. Here is a chart:

Gender lanta rotta dorsa
Number Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nominative -a -ja -i -wis -u -ru
Accusative -as -jas -is -wis -us -rus
Dative -at -jat -it -wit -ut -rut
Locative -an -jan -in -win -un -run
Lative -af -jaf -if -wif -uf -ruf
Ablative -ak -jak -ik -wik -uk -ruk
Genitive -al -jal -il -wil -ul -rul
Instrumental -ap -jap -ip -wip -up -rup
Comitative -ath -jath -ith -with -uth -ruth
Vocative -já -wí -rú

Pronouns[]

Pronouns act like lanta nouns. Plural pronouns are said just like plural nouns.

First p
Second t
Third k

Verbs[]

Verbs are conjugated based on person and number. Here are three charts. To make it plural, add the respective plural infix of the gender.

Tense Past Present Future
First -e1 -e2 -e3
Second -o1 -o2 -o3
Third -1e -2e -3e

The characters 1, 2 and 3 mean that the letter will be a voiceless, nasal or voiced consonant counterpart to the final consonant of the verb stem respectively. (for example, the suffix -e1 would make the verb han into hanet).

If the stem ends in a semivowel, the final consonant will always be s, and the tense must be figured out by context.

Adjectives[]

Adjectives are not their own part of speech, but are instead just the genitive forms of nouns. For example, "gan-", the Hantajl world for red (as a noun) would become ganul (of red). To say "a red blade" you would "nuxa ganul" or "blade of red".

Syntax[]

There are no articles in Hantajl.

Lexicon[]

Hantajl/Dictionary

Example text[]

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