Conlang
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Iberian Gothic
Type Fusional
Alignment Nominative–Accusative
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator ælfwine

General Information[]

Iberian Gothic is an East Germanic language descended from the tongue of the Visigoths, a Germanic tribe whose origins lie in Scandinavia. It is descended from the same branch of East Germanic languages that Ostrogothic and Vandalic are from. Owing much to the multilingual heritage of the Iberian peninsula, Iberian Gothic shares much in common developmentally with Spanish and Catalonian.

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v θ (ð) s (ʃ) ʝ
Affricate t͡ʃ
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral l (ʎ)

The voiced obstruents /b d g/ lenite to [β ð ɣ] internally, but harden to [b d g] after a nasal consonant.

The vowels /i u/ become semivowels [j w] when adjacent to another vowel.

/r/ is a trill initially, before a pause, and after /l n s/. Otherwise, it is a tap.

The graphemes <ku gu> represent /kw gw/, except before <i e>, where it represents /k g/.

/m n/ become labiodental /ɱ/ before /f/

Vowels[]

Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a

Phonotactics[]

Writing System[]

Latin Alphabet Gothic Alphabet IPA Usage
Aa 𐌰 /a/ [a] everywhere.
Bb 𐌱 /b/ [b] word initially and after a pause or after an ⟨m⟩ or ⟨n⟩, otherwise [β].
Cc /k/, /θ/ [θ] before an ⟨e⟩ or ⟨i⟩, otherwise [k].
Dd 𐌳 /d/ [d] word initially and after a pause, or after ⟨n⟩ or ⟨l⟩, otherwise [ð].
Ee 𐌴 /e/ [e] everywhere.
Ff 𐍆 /f/ [f] everywhere.
Gg 𐌲 /g/ [x] before an ⟨e⟩ or ⟨i⟩, [g] not before an ⟨e⟩ or ⟨i⟩ and after a word initial pause or after [n], [ɣ] in all other places.
Hh 𐌷 silent Silent everywhere.
Ii 𐌹 /i/ [j] before another vowel, otherwise [i].
Jj 𐌾 /h/ [h] everywhere.
Kk 𐌺 /k/ Rarely used, otherwise same as ⟨c⟩.
Ll 𐌻 /l/ [l] everywhere.
LLll N/A /ʎ/ [ʎ] or [ʝ] everywhere, depending on dialect.
Mm 𐌼 /m/ [n] word finally, [m] everywhere else.
Nn 𐌽 /n/ Palatalized [ɲ] before ⟨y⟩, velarized [ŋ] before ⟨c⟩ or ⟨k⟩, labialized [ɱ] before ⟨f⟩, otherwise [n].
Ññ /ɲ/ [ɲ] everywhere.
Oo 𐍉 /o/ [o] everywhere.
Pp 𐍀 /p/ [p] everywhere.
Qq 𐌵 /k/ only used in the digraph “qu” and “qü”, the former’s variant.
Rr 𐍂 /r/ [r] word initially and after a pause, or after ⟨l⟩, ⟨n⟩ or ⟨s⟩, otherwise [ɾ].
Ss 𐍃 /s/ [z] before a voiced consonant, otherwise [s].
Tt 𐍄 /t/ [t] everywhere.
Uu 𐌿 /u/ [w] before another vowel, otherwise [u].
Vv /b/ Same as ⟨b⟩.
Ww 𐍅 /b/ [w] everywhere, only used in loanwords and place names.
Xx 𐍇 /ks/ [ks] between vowels and [s] word initially or before other consonants. Can also be [h] or [ʃ] in some loan words.
Yy /j/ [j] everywhere, only used word initially.
Zz 𐌶 /θ/ [θ] everywhere, never found before an ⟨e⟩ or ⟨i⟩.

Grammar[]

Nouns[]

The -A Declension[]

This declension contains masculine nouns from the former -a and -ja declensions. The oblique ending of the singular was innovated by analogy with the nominative, and the final /s/ of the nominative singular was lost by analogy with the oblique singular. The /j/ of the -ja declension was lost by analogy with the -a declension.

Singular Plural
Nominative -e -es
Oblique -e -anes

The -O declension[]

This declension contains feminine nouns from the former -ō and -jō declensions. The oblique ending of the singular was innovated by analogy with the nominative, and the final /s/ of the nominative singular was lost by analogy with the oblique singular. The /j/ of the -jō declension was lost by analogy with the -ō declension, and the -i in the nominative singular of the long stems became -a by analogy with the short stems.

Singular Plural
Nominative -a -os
Oblique -a -os

The -I declension[]

This declension contains both masculine and feminine nouns. The oblique ending of the singular was innovated by analogy with the nominative, and the final /s/ of the nominative singular was lost by analogy with the oblique singular.

Singular Plural
Nominative -e -is
Oblique -e -ines

The -U declension[]

This declension contains masculine nouns. The oblique ending of the singular was innovated by analogy with the nominative, and the final /s/ of the nominative singular was lost by analogy with the oblique singular. The /j/ of the nominative plural endings was lost by analogy with the other endings.

Singular Plural
Nominative -e -os
Oblique -e -unes

The -AN declension[]

This declension contains masculine nouns.

Singular Plural
Nominative -a -anes
Oblique -an -anes

The -ON declension[]

This declension contains feminine nouns from the former -ōn declension.

Singular Plural
Nominative -o -ones
Oblique -on -ones

The -IN declension[]

This declension contains feminine nouns from the former -ein declension.

Singular Plural
Nominative -e -ines
Oblique -en -ines

The -R declension[]

This declension contains masculine and feminine nouns.

Singular Plural
Nominative -ar -eros
Oblique -ar -erunes

The -ND declension[]

Singular Plural
Nominative -e -es
Oblique -e -es

Verbs[]

Similar to German, Iberian Gothic utilizes both separable and inseparable prefixes in order to change the meaning of some verbs. Separable prefixes, such as af-, can usually be detached

Syntax[]

Lexicon[]

Example text[]

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