Imqorášə
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
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Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and Dialects[edit | edit source]

Imqorášə (formerly Imqorásjə and colloquially Imqə̀aš or Imqə̀š) is a language isolate spoken in the Caucuses. It is the result of people from Europe, Africa, and America immigrating to the Caucuses to create an independent country (for religious reasons) and their culture and language merging overtime. There are minor dialectal differences between the language spoken in the western and eastern parts.


Phonology[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Bilabial Alveolar Postalveolar Velar Uvular
Nasal m n (ŋ)
Plosive p b t d (tʃ dʒ) k g q
Fricative ϕ β s z ʃ (ʒ) x ɣ χ
Approximant w l j ʀ
Lateral fric. ɬ [ɮ]
Lateral aff. tɬ [dɮ]


Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front Central Back
High i u
Mid ɜ (ə) o
Low æː a ɑ̆~ɒ̆~ɔ̆

Phonemes in parenthesis were brought into the language through loanwords but are now integral to the language. Phonemes in brackets are today rarely distinguished.


Vowel Suprasegmentals[edit | edit source]

Diphthongs
a
ɑ̆~ɒ̆~ɔ̆
æː æɪ æə
ɜ ɜː ɜɪ ɜə
i
o əɪ əː
u

All occurrences of /ɪ/ can be realized as /ɜ/ or /i/, and all occurrences of /ə/ can be realized as /u/, /o/, /a/, /ɑ/, /ɒ/, or /ɔ/.

There are 2 tones (ex. on /a/): normal (/a/) and rising-falling (/a᷈/). The latter only occurs on /a/, /ɜ/, /i/, /o/, and /u/. All vowels can also be creaky voiced (/a̰/).

Nasalization occurs sometimes and /ɑ̆~ɒ̆~ɔ̆/ is the vowel most prone.


Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Many phonemes vary depending on their context in a given word:

  1. When /k/ and /g/ are word-final, they have no audible release (/k˺/ and /g˺/).
  2. When /t/ and /d/ are word-final, they are dental with no audible release (/t̪˺/ and /d̪˺/).
  3. When /q/ appears word-final, it is a glottal stop with no audible release (/ʔ˺/).
  4. Final long vowels are followed by an implied glottal stop with no audible release follow (ex: /kaːʔ˺/).
  5. All above phonemes sometimes may be followed by some audible release.
  6. /ʀ/ is rarely pronounced as a trill (except when it is word-initial or directly precedes /a/), but is rather approximated, as a back vowel /ɑ/, or when following a rounded vowel, as rounded velar /w/ or uvular approximant. Syllables with /ʀ/ often become diphthongs (ex. /imqoʀˈaʃə/ often becomes /imˈqɔaʃə/).
  7. When /l/ is word-final, it is /w/.
  8. Postalveolar consonant clusters are often realized more retroflex, ex.: "pə́ščar" (/ˈpəʂʈʂaʀ/).

Allowable syllable structures: CV, VC, CVC. Geminated consonants are considered as two consecutive consonants.

Writing System[edit | edit source]

Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound



Grammar[edit | edit source]

Introduction[edit | edit source]

There are 3 genders, typically determined by the first consonant (usually the first phoneme) of a root. Usually, if the first consonant is a stop, the root is masculine, if it is a fricative, the root is feminine, and if it is anything else, the root is neuter (in this case /ɬ/ and /ɮ/ are actually categorized as stops). If the first phoneme in a root is a vowel, the root is usually neuter, but many times it is irregular.

Verbal Mood
Masc Fem Neut
Indicative tak kek pus sak sek xur nak mek ru
Conditional insakí kekó empusé issaká osseké exxurú nik mok rewé
Potential ímsak ómsek émpus ássak éssek úxxur ínakna ómekne éruwne
Imperative ak ek us saká seké xurú na me ru

Often in conjugations, /t/ and /d/ assimilate to /s/ and /z/.

Informally, conditional mood is used for simple past tense and potential mood is used for simple future tense.

Verbal Tense
Masc Fem Neut
Present tak sak nak
Past tak...ɸiə sak...ɸal nak...maq
Future tak...si sak...sar nak...βa
Verbal Nouns
Masc Fem Neut
sakí sakád nakál


Syntax[edit | edit source]

Lexicon[edit | edit source]

Example text[edit | edit source]


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