Irilakhiyi (Irilakhiyi: Ìrįl'aqx̄hii'ii) is a revised version of Lyiruch.

Changes from Lyiruch[]

  • The new lexicon would be based on New Ithkuil, with separate roots as needed.
  • Designation in stem patterning (Informal vs Formal) is removed and separate roots will be added to take place if necessary
  • 6 specifications replace the 3 patterns in stem patterning. The previous patterns were arbitrary. The 9 specifications are:
    • Basic
    • Content
    • Constitutive
    • Objective
    • Faciliative
    • Intentive
  • The structure of Configuration has been revised.
    • The UNIPLEX configuration remains unchanged.
    • The DUPLEX configuration has been merged into MULTIPLEX, as it is somewhat arbitrary to have a separate affix to distinguish a number more than 1. If the set refers to a specific number, an affix that indicates the number would be added. It has two sub categories:
      • Structure (whether the members are separate/connected/fused)
      • Similarity (whether the members are similar/dissimilar/fuzzy).
  • Effect has been added and will add whether it is detrimenal or beneficial to a certain party, modified by 9 degrees of the outcome.
  • The collective number is eliminated and is only used in a pronoun. The singular/plural distinction also applies to verbs, with plural verbs symbolizing doing X multiple times. As a result, the number category is elevated into a universal inflection.
  • The systems for expressing positional orientation have been revamped.
    • The local octant marker affix (represented by the affix u20) is replaced with 3 affixes with 9 degrees, for a total of 27 specifications with the following systems:
      • Left, At, Right
      • Ahead, At, Behind
      • Above, At, Below
      • The 3 separate affixes would be based on left (-x), at (x), and right (+x).
    • Most of the locative cases have been removed as they are duplicated with the locational octant markers. They were modeled after Tsez cases and most of them are useless because of the new positional orientation affixes and only served to emulate the complexity of grammatical cases.
      • The CONT- cases are no longer used for "in (a mass)", only for "along". The former meaning is merged with the IN- cases.
      • The SUPER-, POSS-, and AD- cases are replaced with the +z (above) orientation. It is useless to specify whether X is on horizontal or vertical anyways.
      • The SUB- cases are replaced with the -z (below) orientation.
      • The POST- and ANT- cases are replaced with the -y (behind) and +y (ahead) orientations respectively.
      • The DISTANT-, AB-, and PROXIM- cases are merged with the proximity (e20) affix.
      • The "suffixes" (at, to, from, off, towards, on) no longer have to be used in conjunction with the "prefixes". Thus, only four sets of locative cases remain: the default set (no "prefix"), in- (in), cont- (along), and apud- (next to).
      • The new affixes can now be used in conjunction with the cases (e.g. He moves to far from the house)
  • The stative-adverbial case classification is separated.
  • The following new cases are added:
    • CONFORMATIVE (as per [the requirements] of, in conformance of)
    • IRRESPECTIVE (whether X or not)
    • RESULTATIVE (resulting in X)
    • ATTENDANT (in the prescence of X)
    • DESCRIPTIVE case is added and means "to be like X", replacing the DESCRIPTIVE function.
  • The Version category now only indicates whether the action is goal intended (PROCESSUAL or COMPLETIVE), as there is already an affix for success/failure that can represent the other Versions. The category is renamed to Telicity, with the PROCESSUAL and COMPLETIVE versions being renamed to ATELIC and TELIC.
  • The nonrelational valence is eliminated.
  • The SEQUENTIAL valence is transformed into an affix, with the MUTUAL valence being merged into said affix.
  • The categories of Illocution and Validation are merged, although they are still name separately.
  • The DIRECTIVE illocution is eliminated due to it being identical to the OPTATIVE modality, and the VERIFICATIVE illocution is added (to seek corroboration, confirmation, or verification).
  • Two new validations have been added: UNSPECIFIED (where the evidence is deliberately unspecified), and RECOLLECTIVE (based on past sensory knowledge).
  • Pronouns (formerly pronomial adjuncts) are made a separate category from adjuncts. They were previously in the adjuncts category because they were modeled after the personal reference adjuncts from Ithkuil. Pronouns can now take any of the 6 specifications, with a different system of marking those.
  • The REDUPLICATIVE pronoun is added as to refer back to the antecedent/previously named party.
  • The new morphological categories of REGISTER is added. The registers are:
    • Discursive (direct speech)
    • Parenthetical (parenthetical aside)
    • Specificative (proper name of preceeding referent)
    • Exemplificative (for example)
    • Cogitant (silent/subjective thoughts)


  1. Phonology
  2. Morphophonology
  3. Basic Morphology
  4. Case Morphology
  5. Verb Morphology
  6. More Verb Morphology
  7. Pronouns
  8. Affixes
  9. Number System
  10. Lexicon