Conlang
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Itsi is a constructed language invented by Lorenzo Gallego Borghini.

Description[]

Itsi is a conlang created for personal writing purposes and as an intellectual exercise. Its lexicon derives from major European language families, primarily Romance, Germanic, Greek and Slavic. Its order tends to SVO but thanks to declension and conjugation order is free.

Language sources[]

Latin, Spanish, Italian, English, German, Russian, Greek; minor: Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, international trade words.

Design principles[]

Roots are derived from basic roots from the languages mentioned above. Syntax and inflection is based on a system of endings.

Grammar[]

  • Nouns

There are three genders: masculine, femenine and neutral. Nouns can be declined in the following cases: nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, prepositional, instrumental. In addition, the following less used cases can also be formed: locative, temporal, causative, and two types of ablative.

The masculine is usually characterized by no ending in the nominative; feminines have the -a ending and the neuter has -o, , -e, or endings.

Declension

1) Masculine

Kral (king) NOM AC GN DT PR INS
sing kral krale kralu krali krale kraley
plu krala kralar kralor kralir kralar kraleir

2) Femenine

Astra (star) NOM AC GN DT PR INS
sing astra astra astre astri astra astrey
plu asträ asträr astror astrir asträr astrair

3) Neuter (-o)

Oko (eye) NOM AC GN DT PR INS
sing oko oko oku oki oko okoy
plu oka okar okor okir okor okair

4) Neuter (-ë, -e)

Penízë (money) NOM AC GN DT PR INS
sing penízë peníze penízu penízi peníze penízey
plu peníza penízar penízor penízir penízor penízair

5) Neuter (-å)

Special group of neuter words. Usually one syllable. Including: syå (sea), (house), mlå (milk), hnå (honey) and snå (snow), among others.

(house) NOM AC GN DT PR INS
sing hå hoo huu hii hoo hooy
plu haa haar hoor hiir hoor hair

6) Special cases. There are special cases such as morën (morning), which would be declined as in (4) above with permutation of the -ë-: morën, morne, mornu, morni, morne, morney / morna, mornar, mornor, mornir, mornar, mornair.

Articles

Masculine

Masculine definite article NOM AC GN DT PR INS
sing e te tu ti te te
plu ta tar tor tir tar tar

Feminine

Femenine definite article NOM AC GN DT PR INS
sing i ti te ti ti ti
plu tär tor tir tär tir

Neuter

Neuter definite article NOM AC GN DT PR INS
sing o to tu ti to to
plu ta tar tor tir tar tar

Euphony. For the purposes of euphony, definite articles must take a final -n when preceding words beginning with a vowel. Likewise, they may drop the final -r of the plural forms if preceding words beginning with a consonant. Examples: on otró (the water); sahë tä yeler (I see the girls).

The indefinite article (ën) does not vary and is used only in the singular.

Adjectives

Adjectives do not have gender inflection and are only affected by declension.

7) Adjective

Egi (big) NOM AC GN DT PR INS
sing egi ege egei egei ege egei
plu egie eger egeir egeir eger eger



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