Conlang
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Jaku
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations Yes
Genders 0
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 4%
Statistics
Nouns 7%
Verbs 6%
Adjectives 4%
Syntax 0%
Words 100 of 1500
Creator Joey Macchiarella


Classification and Dialects[]

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

F/H/J/K/L/M/N/P/R/S/T/V/NG

Vowels[]

A/E/I/O/U/Ai/Ei

Pronunciation Changes[]

If a 'j' begins a word, pronounce it with a /d̠ʒ/, otherwise pronounce it with a /ʒ/. The jaku word 'ja' is an exception and uses the /ʒ/.

An "i" following an "ei" "ai" or "i" without an break between them forms /j/ sound.

Two "r" in a row form the /r/ sound.

A "T" "P" or "K" with an apostrophe after it are ejectives. Another language that uses this is Na'vi, if that helps.

Excluding the ejective rule, an apostrophe indicates a break or /ʔ/.

Two consonants in a row are over pronounced, as also seen in Italian.

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p t k ʔ
Fricative f v s ʒ h
Affricate
Approximant ɹ l j
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ

Vowels[]

Front Back
High i y u
Mid e o
Low ɑ


Writing System[]

Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound

Grammar[]

Nouns[]

Nouns are as seen (for the most part) in the lexicon section.

For a noun to become plural, an "uo" or "n" is to be added to the end of the noun depending on if it ends with a consonant or vowel, respectively.

Verbs[]

[Time/Tense] + [verb] + [Pronoun Root]

Eg: The verb 'kaputoro' as said in the singular first person in the present perfect tense adds the 'seisi' prefix and the 'kokoa' affix.

I have lived> [Seisi]+[kaputoro]+[kokoa]> Seisikaputorokokoa

I/Me You He/Him She/Her NB They/Them We/Us You All
Object Koa Nai Ran Pet Rre Sain Pani Feiku
Subject Kokoa Punai Nuran Teipet Prerre Jasain Lepani Jafeiku

If a verb ends in a consonant, the pronoun root or word will become separate from the verb but remain after it.

Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous
Past Rar(o) Haj(o) Nam(o) Fer(o)
Present Nges(i) Seis(i) Pav(i)
Future Teij(u) Mij(u) Leis(u) Var(u)

The possible vowel ending for the time prefixes are for when the verb begins with a consonant. Otherwise the possible vowel is not included.

When a verb is needed right after another verb, such as "I need to eat", the second verb will have no pronouns or time attached to it.

Syntax[]

Object-Verb-Subject

Adjectives go before the noun they are applied to.

Emotions, when used as an adjective go before the noun and before any other adjectives attached to the noun.

Adverbs go before the verb they are applied to.

Ownership, such as 'my tree' begins with the owned object, then 'ja' and followed by the ownership word as shown in the lexicon. 'my tree' becomes 'lavosa ja ako'.

Eg: My tall happy friend needs a green tree. > Green tree is needed by friend happy of mine. > Nueik lavosa itetonuran pak ja ako.

Questions[]

Questions are indicated by one of seven 'question words' at the beginning of a sentence. They can be found in the lexicon, words 9-15.

Eg: Where are you? > [Location?] + [You] > Tefa punai?

The example doesn't use the 'to be' verb for location because the question word indicates this enough. If the question is about a time other than the simple present, then the verb would be used.

Ownership[]

Owned things are indicated with a [ja] + [onership word] after the noun.

Eg: My tree > Tree of mine > [lavosa] +[ja] + [ako] > Lavosa ja ako.

Number System[]

English Jaku English Jaku
1 Pa 100 Jai
2 Ni 1000 Kofa
3 Se 1 million Mange
4 Mi 1 billion Soma
5 Tu 0 Hu
6 Le infinity Larrei
7 Ra
8 Ku
9 Na
10 Va

The Jaku number system is multiplication based. The max number of words needed to count up to 999,999,999,999 in Jaku is seen above. I'm just gonna provide a few examples that will sum up a paragraph of explanation into a few lines.

734> [7] x [100] + [3] x [10] + [4] > [Ra] + [Jai] + [Se] + [Va] + [Mi] > Rajai seva mi

That's the basic gist. Unless I'm mistaken, the number system is kinda similar to Japanese.

805,642,143,779 > Kujai tusoma lejai miva nimange jai miva sekofa rajai rava na

Lexicon[]

# Jaku English Notes POS
1 Folki Hello Casual greeting
2 Itaf Goodbye Casual. More of a "see you later"
3 Ait Yes/True
4 Teir No/False
5 Jaip'a'a Good A positive influence on the general world Adj
6 Retun Bad A negative influence on the general world Adj
7 Onia Please More of an anticipated thank you
8 Laikuas You're Welcome Insult. Implies that the recipiant think less of you
9 Aku Who Questions about people/names Det
10 Opi What (object) Questions about objects Det
11 Jannai What (verb) Questions about verbs being acted Det
12 Pa'o When Questions about time Det
13 Lahi Why/How Questions about explanations Det
14 Tefa Where (location) Questions about physical locations Det
15 Nefa Where (mind) Questions about mental locations Det
16 Kelku Because/By It is also 'by' because when something is by something it is because of something that the thing is Prep
17 Anapel To be (location) Something's physical location V
18 Nafao To be (mind) Someone's mental location/health V
19 Lako To be (emotional) Someone's emotion V
20 Aijeko To be (physical) Someone's physical characteristics and health V
21 F'pa Pretty A general statement Adj
23 Lafrros Beautiful More a "colorful beauty" as dicued in Culture Adj
24 A'a'oa Special A characteristic given to people or extreme wonder Adj
25 Totom Tall Compared to the speeker Adj
26 Tua Medium/Average " Adj
27 Eilf Short " Adj
28 Tormonto Big " Adj
29 At' Medium " Adj
30 Klafe Small " Adj
31 Ako Mine
32 Unai Yours
33 Ura His
34 Eipe Hers
35 Erre NB's
36 Asai Theirs
37 Epa Our
38 Afei You all's
39 Kot'un Nature/world N/Pn
40 Ja Of/for Prep
41 Iteto To need (true need) V
42 Umavis To need (false need) This is like 'to have to' in the sense that it is a need but not a personal need V
43 Ep'e Here N
44 Ngirrah There N
45 Letea Law/Rule A 'circle of life' esc type law of the land thing N
46 P'oiia To maintain Used when working on something that is kept up. A diary V
47 Atol All, total, everyone
48 Mas It (subject) It replaces a pre determined noun N/Pn
49 Rei It (object) N/Pn
50 Apum The way A particular state of mind or action specific to a person N
51 Oran To understand V
52 Laffo To be called Used to ask someone what there name is V
53 Falko To give V
54 K'enao Friend N
55 T'uhei Student/learner N
56 Parrei Master/teacher N
57 Kaja To feel Physical, emotional, and spiritual feeling V
58 Eip' In (physically) Prep
59 Aip' In (other) Prep
60 Loav To ask V
61 P'uei To answer V
62 Enoa Question N
63 Teip'u Answer N
64 Klakai Something (noun) Used to represent an unknown noun N
65 Suveiia Something (verb) Used to represent an unknown verb V
66 Sulli Stupid Adj
67 Haka Inteligent Adj
68 Saonun Familly Everyone you know N
69 Lo'ak Member/Person N
70 Neteiia Pet They protect you an you protect them N
71 Ngari Eye N
72 Pak Happy Adj
73 Jahar Sad Adj
74 Sarr Angry Adj
75 Feilu Wonder Adj
76 Ngafarr Rage Adj
77 Pue Love Adj
78 Euseva Afraid Adj
79 Tire Safe Adj
80 Ia Peaceful Adj
81 Parume To teach V
82 T'uen To learn V
83 Ngasol To practice V
84 Ngete To listen V
85 Jeveiio To empathize with V
86 Sokoro To see V
87 Ingre To write V
88 Et'elu To be like V
89 Tura To like (a noun) V
90 Mak To like (a person) V
91 Tau To like (a verb) V
92 Ea Or Goes between the two things being judged Con
93 Offan To speak Also means to be knowledgeable in something V
94 Utsel To talk V
95 Peru To use V
96 Aimokua Flower N
97 Lavosa Tree N
98 Mart'ei Plant N
99 Momo Animal N
100 Heia There is/are S
101 T'tsala To hunt V
102 Vesim Same
103 Risong Right
104 Pehir Left
105 Ngaisin Before
106 Te'ela During
107 Hussen After
108 Fo'o Water
109 Okoiie To protect/fight
110 Sao Sun/sky/day

Example text[]

"We must, by law, keep a record of the innocents we kill. And as I see it, they're all innocents. Even the guilty. Everyone is guilty of something and everyone still harbors a sense of childhood innocence, no matter how many layers of life wrap around it. Humanity is innocent; humanity is guilty, both states are undeniably true.

We must by law, keep a record.

It begins on day one apprenticeship-but we do not officially call it 'killing.' It's not socially or morally correct to call it such. It is, and has always been, 'gleaning,' named for the way the poor would trail behind farmers in ancient times, taking the stray stalks of grain left behind. It was the earliest form of charity. A scythe's work is the same. Every child is told from the day that he or she is old enough to understand that scythes provide a crucial service for society. Ours is the closet thing to a sacred mission the modern world knows.

Perhaps that is why we must, by law, keep a record. A public journal, testifying to those who will never die and those who are yet to be born, as to why we human beings to the things we do. We are instructed to write own not just our deeps but our feelings, because it must be known that we do have feelings. Remorse. Regret. Sorrow too great to bear. Because if we didn't feel those things, what monsters would we be?" -H.S. Curie from Scythe by Neal Shusterman

"Ijo'on kotungalepani ja feilsa, kelku letea, p'oiia umavis lepani. Iijo'onuo atol aijekosain apum rei oran kokoa.

Culture[]

Attachments and Relations to Nature[]

Nature is everything in Jaku.

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