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General information[edit | edit source]

Kăinin is mainly spoken in the country of Kăinim.

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Kăinin have relatively simple phonetics. All vowels except "o" has a long and a short version. Long vowels are written with a macron over the letter (ā, ē, ū), the only exception is the long "i" which is written "iy". Ă and Ĕ are pronounced like A and E but with an almost silent "w-sound" after it. The ə-sound occurs only when "n" comes after another consonant, like in "kăinimn" [kaʷiniɱən]. The only difficult consonant is "m" which is pronounced [ɱ] (labiodental nasal).

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal ɱ n
Plosive p, b t, d k, (g) (ʔ)
Fricative s, z ɕ, (ʑ)
Affricate v ʝ
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i
Near-close ʊ
Close-mid e o
Mid (ə)
Open-mid
Near-open æ
Open a

The flag of Kăinim

Alphabet[edit | edit source]

Kăinin Alphabet

Alphabet:


Aa [a]

Ăă [aʷ]

Bb [b]

Xx [ɕ]

Dd [d]

Ee [e]

Ĕĕ [eʷ]

Gg [g] (only used in loan-words.)

Hh [ʔ] (only used in onomatopoeia.)

Ii [i]

Kk [k]

Ll [l]

Mm [ɱ]

Nn [n]

Oo [o]

Pp [p]

Rr [ɾ]

Ss [s]

Tt [t]

Uu [ʊ]

Vv [v]

Yy [ʝ, i]

Zz [z]

Ʒʒ [ʑ] (rarely used.)


Other letters:

Āā [a:]

Ēē [e:, æ:]

Iy iy [i:]

Ūū [ʊ:]

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Consonant clusters are never longer than two letters. Most consonants are followed by a vowel.

Dictionary[edit | edit source]

Numbers:

0     Sim 1     Ĕit
2     Zĕit 3     Nēit
4     Kāza 5     Xepit
6     Lăba 7     Tĕba
8     Kiymit 9     Iymit
10   Katy 11   Katy-ĕit
12   Katy-zĕit 13   Katy-nēit
14   Katy-kāza 15   Katy-xepit
16   Katy-lăba 17   Katy-tĕba
18   Katy-kiymit 19   Katy-iymit


Other words:

English Kăinin
Blue Pāzu
Yellow Xiyk
Red
Green Voyū
Blue-purple Pasaza
Red-purple Āndikă
Pink Rimi
White Ini
Black Udĕa
East Navam
West Ikam
South Pāzam
North Kăam
Man Neda
Woman Ikiyda
Boy Iypa
Girl Nim
Water Sipă
Fire Ătitki
Air Ūe
Iron Xăyă
Stone

Grammar[edit | edit source]

Ĕnora - like

Ĕnora tek - to like

Ĕnorad - liking

Ĕnora tiy - (have) liked

Ĕnora tik - (I, she, he, they etc.) liked

Ĕnora nū - (had) liked

Ĕnora iy - (is going to) like


Kăra anmiy nim - Kăra is a girl

Kăra anmiy nim yo? - Is Kăra a girl?

Kăra anet nim e - Kăra is the girl

Nimn e kalxă an Kăra - The girl's name is Kăra

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]


No. English Kăinin
1I
2you (singular)Ta
3he
4weKiy
5you (plural)Tiy
6they
7thisEkā
8thatEt
9hereEkiyx
10thereEtiyx
11whoIoki
12whatYo/Ie
13whereIomiyx
14whenIoza
15howIose
16not
17allBapek
18manyNāly
19somePiyek
20fewPiyek
21otherSūm
22oneĔit
23twoZĕit
24threeNēit
25fourKāza
26fiveXepit
27big
28longĒxa
29wideKotiyka
30thickVozy
31heavyVoni
32smallPi
33shortYĕibe
34narrowUiyma
35thinLame
36womanImiyva
37man (adult male)Neda
38man (human being)
39childMidat
40wifeVimim
41husbandEyāsim
42motherNāni
43fatherBābi
44animalMăibi
45fishLuyiyk
46birdBeyĕ
47cat
48dogPokă
49louseDopi
50snakeSiyk
51wormDomk
52treeKĕmeat
53forestTanăk
54stickTekike
55fruitPūvu
56seedRed
57leafYiylă
58rootKutatak
59barkRādu
60flowerXūynu
61grassVeyĕzi
62ropeZemsun
63skinSănit
64meatTĕey
65bloodLakă
66boneYu
67fatXenit
68eggIzum
69hornRĕsey
70tailKopo
71featherLāv
72hairMiyri
73headPām
74earViă
75eyeXāde
76noseMin
77mouthKēmu
78toothDaep
79tongueLūat
80fingernailMepiyk
81footPāsi
82legTēytet
83kneeOvit
84handĀp
85wingĔună
86bellyImă
87gutsDexut
88neckVāyăp
89backLiyzi
90breastNatu
91heartTetăka
92liverBūyuri
93drinkLāta
94eatAyka
95biteNiydi
96suckNĕu
97spitTixa
98vomitVăpu
99blowXavi
100breatheSāva
101laughĂya
102seeĔe
103hearAbi
104knowXipi
105thinkDiāe
106smellIvi
107fearVăiype
108sleepYūnu
109liveIyla
110dieMebu
111killXăka
112fightDăzu
113huntKutke
114hitTae
115cutƷāti
116splitZĕite
117stabNēti
118scratchXūzuke
119digVăna
120swimOyoe
121flyLavă
122walkPĕi
123comeUāxu
124lieYiya
125sitLesūe
126standĂasi
127turnMăkxi
128fallTuyēa
129giveZiri
130holdMovi
131squeezeYoyo
132rubSuniy
133washLoūnu
134wipeSēvsă
135pullVopo
136pushZăka
137throwSbūi
138tieNakipa
139sewNoyi
140countTetepa
141sayZĕa (Zĕeta)
142singAvā
143playViyma
144floatPăyi
145flowSodi
146freezeXiy
147swellBăsvi
148sunĀisi
149moonUyĕy
150starIzin
151waterSipă
151rainViyra
152riverNemta
153lakePoy
154seaĀkian
155saltĔm
156stone
157sandMālu
158dustVan
160earthDūki
161cloudAūn
162fogZizu
163skyOn
164windVūdam
165snowIr
166iceEziyr
167smokeBovău
168fireĂtitki
169ash
170burnUnyazi
171roadSānzyn
172mountainTāyok
173red
174greenVoyū
175yellowXiyk
176whiteIni
177blackUdĕa
178nightLuyu
179daySēam
180yearŪkun
181warmĂsa
182coldIysa
183fullKea
184newRĕe
185oldYae
186goodXiriy
187badNēnu
188rottenKūlu
189dirtyXixi
190straightLoyoya
191roundMăkti
192sharpTeza
193dullAsi
194smoothLăe
195wet
196dryBĕesa
197correctSapxe
198nearVanva
199farMeāya
200rightUipam
201leftNăpam
202atOysĕ
203inĂ
204withĔ
205andĂe
206if
207becauseEtā
208namekalxă


Example text[edit | edit source]

Tăsūyak anete sūyak ă diyĕemn sūvid eta xēmad ĕ kiy xēma tik kated ūxati.

Stone Age is the period in human history that begun when they started making tools.

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