Conlang
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Kokopo is a language with a phonology inspired by Japanese and Spanish and a grammar inspired by Korean and English. This language is a cousin to other conlangs I've created such as Sapalee (you can find this on Wikia), YingYing (will make a page for this soon) and Venyi (same status as YingYing)

Phonology[]

This page is incomplete, please view the others until further notice.

Pronouns and Basic Verbs and Adjectives[]

Nominative Objective Possessive
I Koko Kakai Kuke
You Yaka Yakai Yeku
He/She Kama Himei Homi
It Neka Nakai Nuku

To make these words plural (We, You all, They, etc.) you add the plural marker, "hama" after them. This applies to not only pronouns but all other nouns.

Koko -> Koko hama

Yaka -> Yaka hama

Kama -> Kama hama

Neka -> Neka hama

If instead of a pronoun the subject is a NAME, then before the name you must say "iru".

EX: Iru Ikari - Literally "The one named Ikari"

However, this is only applied when the named person is the subject.

Articles/Descriptors
The Ka
A/An N/A
This Kiri
That Karo
Some Tera
Many Ware

Person - Yepa

The person- Ka yepa

This person- Kiri yepa

That person - Karo yepa

Some people - Tera yepa (hama)

Many people - Ware yepa (hama)

  • The reason why "hama" is in parenthesis is that since the article/descriptor in front of it is already plural, the plural marker is not necessary. Grammatically, it is incorrect to exclude it, but speaking wise it is perfectly fine.
  • You can also use these forms of "This, that, some, and many" as nouns.

GRAMMAR:[]

Grammar is easy in Kokopo. This is an S+V+O Language, like English. Verbs and adjectives are not conjugated based on different pronouns, but do based on past, future, continuous, etc.

Verbs:

Yari - To be

Haki - To eat

Tama - To drink

Paki - To see

Nata - To go (to)

Kara - To kill

Sara - To want

Yuyu - To like

Neki - To have

Hara - To do

To have to/must - Nike

Example sentences:

Koko haki koeri - I eat food.

Yaka paki kakai - You see me.

If you want to make something negative, you would add the negative marker, "naka". This word means both "don't, not, and no."

Koko naka haki koeri. - I don't eat food.

Yaka naka paki kakai. - You don't see me.

However, some verbs don't need "naka" because they already have a negative form. Here are some examples:

To not be: Papa

To not know: Naoki

To not like: Zuku

To not have: Yare

To not do: Nana

I don't like you. - Koko zuku yakai.

Saying "naka yuyu" or "naka neki" is grammatically incorrect since there are negative forms.

If you want to be formal, all you have to do is add "yuki" at the end of your sentence. Typically though, you can find this in many informal, artistic, or dramatic scenes due to the fact that many Kokopo speakers (just go along with me) like its auditorial aesthetic.

Koko paki yakai yuki. - I see you (formal)

To make a question, you add "mara" at the end of a sentence.

Yaka yari yepa. - You are a person.

Yaka yari yepa mara? - Are you a person?

And yes, if you want to be formal asking a question, you just put "yuki" at the end of that sentence.

Yaka yari yepa mara yuki? - Are you a person? (formal)

Basic Nouns: (You will notice that most nouns are very long. I made it this way so verbs and adjectives could have "dibs" on shorter words and sounds)

Coffee - Kireyuku

Water - Sokuma

Milk - Nakunaku

Tea - Sikirami

Juice - Gogo

Sandwich - Kirotara

Taco - Tako

Icecream - Aikari

School - Karuseri

Store - Kagegaki

Park - Rakerami

Cheese - Tirichizi

Orange - Yakaizu

Bread - Moromomo

Apple - Kaerana

Boy - Yorigoku

Girl - Makigoku

Man - Yorinake

Woman - Makinake

House - Ukei

  • Kama means He or She, but if you want to put EMPHASIS on their femininity or masculinity, then you can say "Yori Kama" for he or "Maki Kama" for she.

Example sentences:

Yaka yari makinake - You are a woman.

Koko yuyu haki yakaizu yuki. - I like eating oranges. (hama is absent from "oranges" because in English we don't really mean plural oranges, but instead we're referring to the general sense of oranges)

Yaka nata karuseri mara yuki? - Are you going to school?

ADJECTIVES:[]

Adjectives go after the noun. Here are some basic ones:

Good - Puro

Bad - Aike

New - Hakue

Long - Kameko

Small - Kaori

Big - Kichi

Different - Tarra (double r's are pronounced the same as a single r)

Same - Moko

Young - Kyoko

Beautiful - Ryogi

Fancy - Iriko

Cheap - Okiri (yes fancy and cheap are opposites and their kokopo words are backwards to each other, but this is a coincidence)

Handsome - Leiko

Ugly - Roka

Easy - Isei

Hard - Taroyo

Smart - Saku

Dumb - Nadori

Very - Kuru

So - Tara

Example Sentences:

The bread is good. - Ka moromomo yari puro yuki.

This is good bread. - Kiri yari moromomo puro.

She is a very beautiful woman. - Kama yari makinake ryogi kuru yuki.

The fancy apple is mine. - Ka kaerana iriko yari kuke.

Tenses[]

Here you will learn the different tenses of verbs.

PAST TENSE:[]

Step 1: Look for the last consonant in the word.

Ha(K)i

Step 2: Double that consonant. Now you will put an emphasis when speaking on that consonant. Not an aspirated sound but a emphasized sound. Just like 가다 vs. 갔다.

Hakki

Step 3: Look at the vowel before the double consonant, and add the following vowel after it.

If Then
A I
E O
I E
O A
U A

Hakki---> Haikki

Example:

Koko haki koeri. - I eat food vs. Koko haikki koeri. - I ate food

Other Verbs:

Papa -> Paippa

Yuyu -> Yuayyu

Nata -> Naitta

Yari -> Yairri

Neki -> Neokki

FUTURE TENSE:[]

This is a bit simpler than past tense. All you have to do is that the first vowel in the word (First vowel if the word is two syllables, but second to last vowel if the word is more that two) and double that vowel. Then you will pronounce the vowel twice, will an aspirated/glottal stop between the two vowels. You can find this sound in Hawaiian ('), Arabic (ع), and other languages.

Haki -> Haaki (Pronounced like Ha'aki)

Other Verbs:

Papa -> Paapa (Pa'apa)

Neki -> Neeki (Ne'eki)

Tama -> Taama (Ta'ama)

I see you - Koko paki yakai. vs. I will see you - Koko paaki yakai.

CONTINUOUS TENSE:[]

For this tense, You do the same thing you did in future, but on the very last vowel instead.

Then, for the first vowel (Or second in 3 syllable or more words) you use the table as in past tense and add the letter after.

Examples:

Koko haki moromomo. - I eat bread. vs. Koko haikii (Haiki'i) moromomo. - I am eating bread.

Koko tama kireyuku.- I drink coffee vs. Koko taimaa (Taima'a) kireyuku. - I am drinking coffee.

THE VERB TUERA[]

This verb is like the had been/have been/will have been form in English, to make these forms, just add the Past, Present, or Future verb forms after Tuera.

Examples;

Koko tuera haki karo. - I have been eating that.

Koko tuera haikki karo - I had been eating that.

Koko tuera haaki karo - I will have been eating that.

Verbs similar to this include:

Tane - Had/Have/Will have

Ex: Koko tane haki kiri. - I have eaten this.

Koko tane haikki kiri. - I had eaten this.

NOKO AND ZIRI[]

Noko is for past tense of continuous and Ziri is for future.

EX: Koko noko taimaa kireyuku - I was drinking coffee.

Koko ziri taimaa kireyuku - I will be drinking coffee.

PASSIVE TENSE[]

Use the Chart used to add an extra vowel after the first vowel, then add "ere/re" at the end of the word; Ere if it ends with a consonant, re if it ends with a vowel.

EXAMPLE:

Koko haki - I eat vs. Koko haikire - I am eaten

Koko neki - I have vs. Koko neokire - I am owned

Koko paki - I see vs. Koko paikire - I am seen

For this tense, you can use tuera, noko, ziri, and a combination of them.

Koko tuera paikire - I have been seen.

Koko tuera noko paikire - I had been seen.

Koko ziri haikire - I will be eaten.

Conjunctions, Markers, and Prepositions[]

And Ha
But Kari
Or Goro
Because Are
To/At Aro
To (For the purpose of) Para
Even Though Manu
So/Therefore Soi

I went to the store TO buy food - Koko naitta kagegaki para kame koeri.

  • remember, Nata can mean to go and to go to, so aro is not needed.

Kiri karuseri yari iriko kari karo karuseri yari okiri. - This school is fancy but that school is cheap.

Koko kaame kiri nakunaku manu koko yuyu karo nakunaku. - I will but this milk even though I like that milk.

About Nukui
Above Utepo
After Agu
Before Utie
Behind Uaka
Next to Maruko
On top of Siche
Under Kose
With Mape

The format of prepositional sentences are the same as in English, except there is no word for "of" used in many of the sentences.

EXAMPLE:

I am on top of the house - Koko ikai siche ka ukei.

  • IKAI is the verb form of to be when talking about location. Kind of like Ser vs Estar in Spanish or 이다 vs 있다 in Korean.

I am next to a very bad cat - Koko ikai maruko neko aike kuru.

A full list of prepositions will be placed in this link:

Colors and Emotions[]

Red Arakai
Orange Yakai
Yellow Yizuki
Green Gachoi
Blue Wagazi
Purple Lizeye
Pink Kirae
Black Akamau
White Kimou
Brown Churo
Dark Oren
Light Saiya

A black cat - Neko akamau

The orange orange - Ka yakaizu yakai

The blue sky - Ka serue wagazi

EMOTIONS: EXPRESSION WORDS AND OFFICIAL VOCABULARY[]

In Kokopo, there are words you can use at the end of sentences to express how your feeling. They don't translate to anything, but qhen you say them, listeners know how you feel about a certain situation. There are also actual words you can use to literally state an emotion or feeling.

Here are the expression words you put at ends of sentences:

When you're feeling You can say
Angry Yuzi
Happy Yami
Scared Saza
Sad Airi
In Love/Romantic Kirai
Annoyed Kaze
Smart/Sure/Positive Sera
Pleased/Satisfied Hasu
Anxious/Excited Rizu

EXAMPLES:

Kuke neko yari aike tara yuzi! - My cat is so bad(and it makes me so angry)!

Kiri keori yari puro kuru yuki hasu -This food is very good(and i'm very pleased about it).

Koko sara nata rakerami yuki rizu! - I want to go to the park(and im excited thinking about it)!

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