Lambda (in the original script λαμβδα /'lambda/) is an artistic language created in 2016 by G. P. Grieco, largely based on Greek and other indoeuropean languages.

Fictional History

Lambda belongs to the homonymous language family, that includes the now dead Lafta language, used in ancient times for poetry. The first attestations of Lambda dates back to 790 years ago, when the language was written using the Lafta syllabary. Only two hundred years later the actual alphabet was crafted, but it was constantly modified to fit the language.

Phonology Edit

Consonants Edit

Labial Dental Retroflex Palatal Velar
Plosive Murmured /bh/ /dh/ /gh/
Voiced /b/ /d/ /g/
Voiceless /p/ /t/ /k/
Fricative Voiced [z] /ʒ ~ ʐ/
Voiceless /s/ /ʃ ~ ʂ/
Flap /ⱱ/ /r ~ ɽ/
Nasal /m/ /n ~ ɲ ~ ŋ/
Approximant /w/ /l ~ ʎ/ /j/

Vowels Edit

Front Central Back
Close Rounded /y/ /u/ /u/
Unrounded /i/ /i/
Near Close /e/ /o/
Near Open /ɛ/ /ɔ/
Open /a/

Grammar Edit

Noun Cases Edit

Nouns decline depending on the case. Five cases are distinguished:

  • Nominative: Subject of a Sentence.
  • Accusative: Object of a Sentence.
  • Genitive (See Below).
  • Dative (See Below).
  • Vocative: Addressed Person or Thing.

Genitive and Dative can express different meanings depending on the preposition that precedes them.

  • /do/ + Genitive indicates the owner of a thing
  • /do/ + Dative indicates the origin of a thing or person.
  • /synke/ + Genitive indicates the person that does the action together with another person.
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