Conlang
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[[]]
'
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General information[]

Phonology[]

Vowels[]

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i: y: ɨ ɨ: u:
Near-close ɪ ʏ ʊ
Close-mid e: ø: o:
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ œ ɔ
Open a a:

Diphthongs[]

/ai/, /ɛi/, /ɔi/, /ʊi/, /œi/, /au/, /iu/, /ɔu/ and /ʏœ/

Consonants[]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive

p

b

t

d

c

ɟ

k

g

ʔ
Fricative

f

v

θ

ð

s

z

ʃ

ʒ

ç x h
Approximant j w
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral app. l

Affricatives[]

p͡f, p͡s, t͡s, k͡s, t͡ʃ and d͡ʒ

Alphabet[]

Vowels[]

Letter Sound
a /ä/
aa /ä:/
e /ɛ/
ee /e:/
i /ɪ/
ii /i:/
o /ɔ/
oo /o:/
u /ʊ/
uu /u:/
y /ɨ/
yy /ɨ:/
ö /œ/
öö /ø:/
ü /ʏ/
üü /y:/

Diphthongs[]

Letter Sound
ai /ai/
ei /ɛi/
oi /ɔi/
ui /ʊi/
öi /œi/
au /au/
iu /iu/
ou /ɔu/
üö /ʏœ/

Consonants[]

Letter Sound
b /b/
c /ç/
d /d/
dj /ɟ/
dh /ð/
f /f/
g /g/
h /h/
j /j/
k /k/
l /l/
m /m/
n /n/
nn /ŋ/
nj /ɲ/
p /p/
r /ɾ/
rr /r/
s /s/
sh /ʃ/
t /t/
tj /c/
th /θ/
v /v/
w /w/
x /x/
z /z/
zh /ʒ/
' /ʔ/

Affricatives[]

Letter Sound
pf p͡f
ps p͡s
ts t͡s
ks k͡s
tsh t͡ʃ
dzh d͡ʒ

Stress[]

Primary stress is always on the last syllable of a word stem.

Grammar[]

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Nouns[]

Nouns are by far the most important part of speech in the language of Razor and also the most complex. They are declined for ...

  1. their gender
  2. their number
  3. their case

Gender[]

Usage Suffix
Masculine male beings -e
Feminine female beings -o
Ethereal unreal things / polite speech -y
Corporeal real things / mixed groups -a

Number[]

Usage Suffix
Singular one -s
Plural several / many / much / a few -r
Collective all / every -d
Abessive zero / no -c

Case[]

Object[]

Usage Suffix
Nominative agent -
Accusative patient -e
Dative recipient -i
Vocative address -u

Location[]

Usage Suffix
Locative at a place -an
Adessive near a place -ar
Proculessive far away from a place -al
Intrative (only plural or collective) between things -ax

Time[]

Usage Suffix
Temporal during something -yf
Pretemopral before something -ym
Posttemporal after something -ysh

Motion[]

Usage Suffix
Ablative away from something -ooson
Allative to(wards) something -oose
Elative out of something -oosal
Illative into something -ooser

Adverbial[]

Usage Suffix
Causal reason -üülap
Instrumental instrument / means -üülif
Comitative company -üülak
Genitive possession -üülise
Equative comparison -üünes

Declension[]

All nouns are regular. Number, gender and case are all indicated by suffixes (given above) attached to the noun stem in the following order:

Vocalic noun stem -n gender number case
Consonantal noun stem - gender number case

Vocabulary[]

Example text[]

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