Conlang
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Lapizyol (/ˈlapyzjɔl̩/) is a language used in Lapiz, a country in Yanizz. It was the base for Yolon. It uses SVO and is head-final.

Letters are capitalized like in german, where they are capitalized if they are nouns or names. UNCAPITALIZED LETTERS ARE ABOUT 3/4 THE LETTER'S SIZE, LIKE THIS.


Pronunciation[]

Consonants Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal /m/ /n/
Plosive /p/ /t/, /d/ /k/, /g/
Sib. fricative /s/, /z/ /ʑ/ /x̝/
Fricative /v/ /ð/ /ɣ/ /h/, /ɦ/
Approximant /j/ /w/
Tap /ɾ/
Trill /rʲ/
Lat. Approx. /l/, /l̩/ /ʟ/, /ʟ̩/
Letter Sound
Vowels
A /a/
E /e/ normally

/ɛ/ if stressed

I /y/ normally

/i/ if stressed

O /o/ normally

/ɔ/ if stressed

U /u/
Consonants
D /d/ normally

/ð/ at the end of a word

G /g/ normally

/ɣ/ at the end of a word

H /h/ normally

/ɦ/ at the end of a word

K /k/
Ł /ʟ/ normally

/ʟ̩/ at the end of a word

L /l/ normally

/l̩/ at the end of a word

N /n/
M /m/
P /p/
R /ɾ/
Ŕ /rʲ/ (voiced palatal trill)
T /t/
V /v/
W /ʍ/ normally

/uː/ when used as a vowel

X /x̝/ (voiceless velar sibilant fricative)
Y /j/ normally

/iː/ when used as a vowel

Z /z/ normally

/ʑ/ if doubled (zz)

Digraphs
AW /ä/
EW /əː/
IW /yː/
OW /uː/

Note: "if stressed" and "if on a stressed syllable" rules don't apply on words with a single syllable, unless the "stressed" is in bold letters.

Lexicon[]

Prefixes[]

win- = COMP (transforms good into better)

won- = SUP (transforms good into best)

ta- = AUG

tu- = DIM

Suffixes[]

-ha = noun to adjective

-he = noun to verb

-(p)izz = possessive

-mu = dual, -g = plural, -x = (very rarely used) singular

-el = stative ajective (the thing is good, yev keron ye dalel), -al = stative verb (the thing is moving, yev keron ye dexoral)

Time[]

-ŕi = past, -ra = present, -ruz = future, -ren = infinitive, -ŕuz = future perfect (would have)

Basic Words[]

Di = 1sg, Do = 2sg, Da = 3sg
Dem = 1du, Dow = 2du, Damun = 3du
Deg = 1pl, Dogu = 2pl, Dage = 3pl

Zu = no, Zi = yes

Zeden = hi/greeting, Fuzz = bye

Vaw = it, for nonliving things

Yev = the, e/ez = a/an

Ye = is (singular), Yem = are (dual), Yege = are (plural)

Ve = and, Vo = or

Vat = this, Vyat = that

Az = that (like in the sentence "thing that moves" (keron az yes dexoral))

Lin = in/inside

Nayan = other

Tałko = why, Talen = because

Kal = what/question, Ŕezkal = where, Zyłkal = when, Yokal = who

Nouns[]

Keron = thing, Takeron = anything, Tukeron = something

Ŕez = place

Zyłko = time

Zil = age, Tazil = old, Tuzil = new

Ŕi = path, Taŕi = road, Rinaw = highway

Yow = yanizzian, Yozu = alien, Neyo = creature

Ŕoz = god

Zul = order/simplicity, Ziel = chaos/complex

Kal = question

Tiv = light

Nyen = difficulty

Pyte = name

Zoŕy = knowledge, Zorayo = memory

Nature[]

Ŕan = green/nature

Piŕyin = grass, Powŕan = tree

Oy = stone

Tivoy = ore

Cosmos-related[]

Wo = star

Nag = sky

Won = cosmos

Yan = planet

Woŕi = galaxy

Voyd = nebula

Verbs[]

Kyew = attack/fight, Ket = defend

Kaz = like, Zukaz = dislike

Ny = create, Nu = destroy

Mex = use

Nuko = want

Henyo = learn

Yenu = mine

Dex = walk, Tadex = run, Dexo = move

Adjectives[]

Dal = good, Zul = bad

Nekex = good, Gexez = evil

Zuki = safe, Zule = dangerous

Penye = easy, Zunye = hard

Example Text[]

English: The Yanizzians created Yolon, a language that would be used on other galaxies. Yolon is simpler than Lapizyol, so that learning it is easier.

Lapizyol: Yev Yogaw nyŕi Yołon, e Yol az mexŕi lin nayan Woŕigaw. Yołon ye winzul Lapizyol, talen yev Yołonizz nymo nukoŕi Zuyogaw henyoŕuz vaw yeŕuz penye.

IPA: /ˈjɔgaʍ ˈniːrʲy ˈjɔʟon, e jɔl̩ az ˈmɛx̝rʲuz lin naˈjan ˈʍorʲygaʍ. ˈjɔʟon je ʍynˈzul̩ ˈlapyzjɔl̩, ˈtalen jev ˈjɔʟonyʑ ˈniːmo nuˈkɔrʲi zuˈjɔgaʍ heˈnjɔrʲuz vaʍ jerʲuz peˈnjɛ./

Gloss: Yanizzian-PL create-PAST Yolon, UNDEF language REL use-PAST in other-galaxy-PL. Yolon COP COMP-simple Lapiz-language, because DEF Yolon-POS create-AGT want-PAST alien-PL learn-PTF 2sg.INAN is-PTF easy.

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