FANDOM


Mamarianese (self-name Dawe unango) is a language spoken by Mamarians (Nangoga), a kind of creatures who have permanently vibrating vocal cords. That leads to such features: in their language there are only voiced consonants and no pauses between words (they hum instead).

Mamarians live on a shore of a tropical island: this is probably the only region where they could have their cords moistened enough to vibrate 24/7. Yes, even while they are sleeping (however, the sound then is a little more quiet). If one would come to their lands, he/she would be astonished by the unstoppable humming; although Mamarians are totally used to it. Since they make sounds all the time, it's pretty hard for them to hide or to spy. Nevertheless, some of them are sneaky enough: so they came up with wearing multilayer light masks and putting some feathers and stuff in their vocal cavity to reduce humming. By the way, the place they produce sounds with is separated both from the nasal cavity and from the oral cavity. (Because... try to imagine yourself eating and pronouncing something at the same time; seems unpleasant, ain't it so?) During the ritual ceremonies (e.g., funerals) Mamarians also make themselves keep silent the same ways.

This is not a big project of mine, more of a funlang mixed with an experiments over phonetics :)

Parts of speech decline/conjugate ACCORDING TO:

Number Case Person Mood Finitiveness
Noun Yes Yes No No No
Verb Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Adjective Yes Yes No No No
Other PoS No No No No No

No gender. No deifiniteness. Voice, tense and aspect are conveyed by separate affixes or auxiliary words.

Mamarianese
Dawe unango
Type Fusional
Alignment Ergative-absolutive
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 100%
Statistics
Nouns 100%
Verbs 100%
Adjectives 100%
Syntax 100%
Words 150 of 150
Creator Tickermeg

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal (m) n ŋ
Plosive b d g
Fricative β z ʒ ɦ
Affricate
Approximant j w
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral fric. ɮ
Lateral app. l

NB: the sound [m] is a humming noise that Mamarians produce all the time, so for them it's the same thing as silence for humans. That's why inputting [m] inside a word is kind of similar to the glottal stop (ʔ) just to make pauses.

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Back
High i y u
High-mid e ø o
Mid ə
Near-low æ
Low a

PhonotacticsEdit

Possible syllable shapes are V, CV, VC, CVC. So it's technically (C)V(C). If consonant pile into an accidental cluster, it is broken with the vowel [ə].

No diphtongs: if two vowels are standing right near each other, they are pronounced with a pause. But a pause is "filled" with "m"-humming sound by default. So it ends up being VmV.


Transliteration
Edit

Cons-nt β ʒ ɮ ɾ r j ŋ ɦ Vowel æ y ø ə
Translit-on v zh lz r rr y ng gh Translit-on ae ue oe (e)

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Usually noun roots begin with a consonant, end with a vowel. No grammatical gender or different noun classes.

Case\Number singular plural
absolutive --- -ga
ergative -rre -rra
dative -loe -la
genitive -wi -we
instrumental -zae -gaze
locative -ni -gi
essive -lzo -guelzo

VerbsEdit

Usually verb roots begin with a consonant and end with a consonant.

Tense prefixes:

  • past (perfective): ∅-;
  • past (imperfective): yuga-;
  • present (imperfective): zhu-.

Infinitive suffix: -arr.

Person+number suffixes:

Person\Number singular plural
1 person -ol -ael
2 person -uz -ulz
3 person -ov -ovey

Person+number suffixes for imperative mood:

singular plural
2 person -ag -arag

Reflexive suffix: -igh.

Adjectives Edit

They begin with a vowel, end with a vowel. The morphology is similar to nouns.

Other PoS Edit

They begin with a vowel, end with a consonant. Include: conjunctions, particles, some pronouns, etc.

In general, any word can be transferred into another part of speech (if saves some meaning). To do so, a word attaches:

To noun To verb To adjective To other
Noun --- -gh u- i-...-v
Verb -e --- u-...-o i-
Adjective z- l-...-gh --- -v
Other z-...-e l- -o ---

SyntaxEdit

Word order is usually VSO. Adjectives come after the modified nouns. Adverbs come right after what they modify. Alignment is ergative-absolutive (S=P; A).

Aspects: Edit

Use auxiliary verbs after the lexical ones.

  • Present Perfect: V(inf) + neg-;
  • Future: V(inf) + zon-.

Habitual, frequentative and present imperfective are expressed the same way.

Degrees of comparison:

Are expressed with adverbs:

  • ugh - more, better (from "much");
  • ay - the most, the best (from "big").

Voice:

  • Passive - Mamarians seem to do without it just fine;
  • Reflexive - via the suffix in verbs or with the pronoun;
  • Reciprocal - with the pronoun.

Mood:

  • Imperative - see verb suffixes;
  • Interrogative - higher intonation;
  • Subjunctive - with conjunctions ez ('if') and ob ('then').

LexiconEdit


Personal pronouns:
Edit

singular plural
1 person va v(e)de
2 person lzo lzon(e)
3 person gile gi
reflexive ghungi ghuwa
reciprocal woe woe

Possessive pronouns: Edit

singular plural
1 person ava uv(e)de
2 person ulo ulzon(e)
3 person ogile ugi
reflexive ughu awa
reciprocal owoe uwoe

Other pronouns: Edit

who (-body) laega
what (-thing) zhovi
which ala
how ul
why an
singular plural
such udu edulzu
this (near the speaker) igha ighano
this (near the listener) azedo ezedi
another ali alino
any, every evazo evazi
some iwulo iwulu

Nouns: Edit

  1. Nango - Mamarian;
  2. zue - thing, item;
  3. gh(e)lzo - place, spot;
  4. rrue - shore, beach;
  5. wo(m)eze - sea, ocean;
  6. gava - tree, palm;
  7. vuri - sand;
  8. ghubengo - stone;
  9. dawe - language, speech;
  10. vozue - people, mass;
  11. b(e)lziva - food;
  12. loega - top, peak;
  13. zudu - bottom, pit;
  14. lza - side;
  15. gogae - circle, round area;
  16. vu - middle;
  17. bozoe - edge, end;
  18. rrade - life, existence;
  19. zogi - fish;
  20. nuzanoe - neighbour, friend;
  21. do(m)o - sun, light;
  22. gelzae - house;
  23. bova - sound, noise;
  24. zugi - ritual, tradition;
  25. ni(m)aege - time;
  26. yadue - descendant, child;
  27. goego - parent;
  28. vana - close relative/brother/sister;
  29. yolze - water;
  30. buzho - danger;
  31. lorae - birth;
  32. gurri - night;
  33. voge - hand, arm;
  34. ghabi - foot, leg;
  35. dido - head;
  36. lzula - neck;
  37. rrabe - body.

Verbs Edit

  1. neg - to have, to obtain (tr.);
  2. zon - to plan, to assume (tr.);
  3. gaghow - to die (int.);
  4. boed - to live (int.);
  5. dilz - to eat in general (int.), to eat smth (tr.);
  6. rragh - to sleep (int.);
  7. vudiv - to speak (int.), to talk to (tr.);
  8. laneb - to go (int.);
  9. ghor - to be, to appear as (tr.);
  10. yaew - to do, to make (tr.);
  11. zerr - to owe, to have to (tr.);
  12. lug - to want (tr.);
  13. gazod - to need (tr.);
  14. wolz - to be able to (tr.);
  15. doen - to know (tr.);
  16. yoz - to meet (tr.);
  17. rrunizh - to arrive (int.);
  18. zhod - to make (to do smth), to force (tr.);
  19. guw - to leave (int.);
  20. luy - to sit (int.);
  21. ghiz - to take (tr.);
  22. yazh - to give (tr.);
  23. berr - to see, to look at (tr.);
  24. dun - to hear, to listen to (tr.);
  25. vil - to touch, to feel (tr.);
  26. nerov - to think (int.), to search (tr.)

Adjectives Edit

  1. ege - funny, happy;
  2. uzu - sad, gloomy;
  3. ivoe - good, pleasant;
  4. ewi - bad, unpleasant;
  5. elzo - small;
  6. ayo - big;
  7. ugho - many, much;
  8. aeba - few, little;
  9. o(m)oe - distant;
  10. ula - close;
  11. obe - long;
  12. evae - short;
  13. aezo - wide;
  14. ingi - narrow;
  15. ira - deep;
  16. idozi - superficial;
  17. ugado - beautiful, nice;
  18. ewozu - ugly;
  19. orra - usual, ordinary;
  20. ogi - weird, extraordinary.

Adverbs Edit

  1. ugh - more;
  2. ay - most;
  3. ov - still, yet;
  4. uew - already;
  5. oz - now;
  6. aen - here;
  7. ezog - ago;
  8. egh - only;
  9. a(m)ozh - usually, always;
  10. oebeg - never;
  11. el - randomly, occasionally;
  12. ilz - often;
  13. oeb - rarely.

Prepositions Edit

  1. ag - in;
  2. i(m)on - together with;
  3. oezh - without;
  4. ul - for;
  5. aerr - to, towards; about;
  6. olz - from, out of;
  7. ib - behind (phys.), before (time);
  8. e(m)eg - in front (phys.), after (time);
  9. aev - in the middle (phys.), during/while (time);
  10. uey - as, just like;
  11. o(m)uzh - through, across (phys.), in (time).

Conjunctions Edit

  1. ez - if, whether;
  2. ob - then;
  3. ogh - and;
  4. er - but, though;
  5. uen - or;
  6. az - that.

Example textEdit

mmmmmmmmmmmZhughorovmmmDawerremmmunangorremmmdawemmmnangowe,mmmmmvozuewimmmmuboewidommmrruenimmmmuwomezenimmm.mmmZhudilzoveymmmmmgirrammmmzogi.

PRS.IMPERF-to.be-3PR.SG. Language-ERG ADJ-Mamarian-ERG language-ABS Mamarian-PL.GEN, nation-SG.GEN ADJ-to.live-SG.GEN-ADJ shore-SG.LOC ADJ-ocean-SG.LOC. PRS.IMPERF-to.eat-3PR.PL 3PR.PL fish-ABS.

The Mamarianese language is a language of Mamarians, a nation living on the shore of the ocean. They eat fish.

Template:CC-BY-SA

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.