| Mansurine |
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|Verbs conjugate according to...|
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Mansurine (pronounced [män˥˩.su˧˥.ri.nɛ˧˩]) is an experimental language designed to further understand the mechanism of tonal languages such as Chinese and Thai. Although all words are independent of any language's vocabulary, the language is influenced by phonologies of Arabic, Turkish, Danish, Thai and Tagalog.
It is a combination of the words mânsú (song-like) and rinè (speak-do or language), and refers to the tonality of the language which is somewhat similar to having it sung.
Classification and DialectsEdit
Mansurine is a tonal language, which means a slight change in the pitch when pronouncing a syllable might actually mean something else. Almost all of the 25 consonant sounds can be pronounced by English speakers. The stop or plosive consonants are not aspirated unlike in English. Like most spoken languages, the rhotic /r/ phoneme may be trilled or tapped, with the latter being used solely on medial positions.
There are six vowels which are comprised of the six basic vowels a, e, i, o and u, plus the schwa /ə/ (can be written as ö). All vowels except the schwa are subject to four fixed tones and one variable tone.
|Stop||/p/ /b/||/t/ /d/||/k/ /g/||/ʔ/|
|Fricative||[f~ɸ] f||/s/ /z/||ʂ [ş]1||/h/|
|Affricate||/t͡ʃ/ c2 /d͡ʒ/ j|
|Approximant||/j/ y||/w/||/ʁ̞/ x|
- The letter ş may be written as sh. See writing system below.
- The letter c may be written as ch.
There are six tones in total for speaking Mansurine. The flat tone is an allophone of the toneless syllable and do not have diacritics. It is described as tone zero. The other four non-variable tones are identified by ordinal numbers.
- The first is a low-rising tone described simply as rising tone.
- The second is a rising tone described as a steep rising tone.
- The third is a high-falling tone described simply as falling tone.
- The fourth and final is a falling tone described as a steep falling tone.
Mansurine uses the CVC format (şöq) for its phonotactics, particularly for the technical writing system. Liberalized and more English-sounding clusters may extend the syllable format into CCVVCC (sheung for şöq), especially to keyboards that do not support diacritics. There may be also a usage of a tone number like in Jyutping, so that âk may be written as ak4.
There is a writing system for Mansurine being developed. For the Romanized version, it is arranged in a manner similar to the English alphabet.