Type SemiFusional-Agglutinating
Alignment Nom-Acc
Head direction Head-Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Progress 0%
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]

Classification and Dialects[]



Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Labio-Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p / b t / d k / g
Fricative f / v θ / ð s / z ʃ / ʒ x / ɣ h
Affricate tʃ / dʒ
Approximant w j
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral app. l


Front Near-front Near-back Back
High i / y ɯ u
Mid e ø o
Low æ a / ɒ


Rising Falling
ia ae
io ao
ua ei
ue eu
uo oi


. onset clusters can be stop+liquid , fricative+approximant and nasal+stop

Permitted onsets[]

A syllable may begin with a single consonant, or a permitted cluster. Known permitted clusters consist of an oral stop followed by either a liquid, or a sibilant.


A word may begin with a vowel, a single consonant, an oral stop followed by a liquid, or either of those preceded by a sibilant. That is, I word may begin with three consonants provided they occur in the following configuration:

1st 2nd 3rd
s p





z b


Permitted nuclei[]

A nucleus may be a short vowel, a long vowel, or a diphthong.

Permitted codas[]

Any consonant may appear as a geminate, except for the palatals (ñj).


A word may end with a vowel, sn, m, t, d, r, l, k or h. The only permissible consonant clusters word-finally are ks and gz.

Stress and syllable distribution[]

The maximum possible syllable structure in Mevja is CCCVCV.

. Word stress in Mevja is predictable and non phonemic and it is determined by syllable weight.

. Words with a single syllable it is automatically the first or unstressed entirely.

. words with two syllables the stress falls on the first syllable.

. words with three or more syllables, the stress is on the penultimate syllable if this is heavy, otherwise (if the syllable is a light one) on the antepenultimate syllable, i.e. the third-to-last syllable.

A syllable is light if:

  • It ends with a short vowel. This includes rising diphthongs that ends in a short vowel

A syllable is heavy if:

  • It contains with a long vowel
  • It contains a falling diphthong
  • It contains a long rising diphthong
  • It ends with a consonant or contains a cluster of two consonants
For syllable boundaries at the middle of a word, a good rule of thumb is that if a vowel is followed by two consonants, the first consonant is at the end of a syllable and thus the syllable is heavy. For this purpose:
  • Digraphs, such as rhghlj count as a single consonant.
  • A plosive (ptk, kw, bdg) followed by a liquid (rlrh) or a sibilant (s, š , z)
  • Only the following consonants have phonemically geminated forms: pp, tt, kk, mm, nn, ss, ff, ll, rr, gg.


Consonant Mutation[]

. There are four types of consonant mutation in Mevja:

  1. Lenition or Soft mutation - voiced stops to voiceless stops, voiceless stops to spirants. liquids trigger.
  2. Fortiton or hard mutation - fricatives to voiceless stops. broad vowels trigger.
  3. Nasalization - stops become a nasal of the same articulation. nasals trigger.
  4. Spirantization - stops to spirants. slender vowels trigger.

Vowel Processes[]

. There is one type of vowel processes in Mevja :

  1. Umlaut - is a process in which the an suffix with a certain vowel either (i or u) determines the vowel quality of all other vowels in the word.

1a. i - Umlaut - the process of all vowels in a word being fronted due to an (i) suffix being attached.

1b. U- umlaut - the process of unrounded vowels being rounded due to an (u) suffix being added.

. front harmony always takes precedence before the suffix is added and umlaut takes place.

Writing System[]






. There are nine cases in Mevja:

  1. Nominative - the subject of a sentence.
  2. Accusative - the direct object of a sentence.
  3. Dative - the indirect object of a sentence.
  4. Genitive - shows possession or origin
  5. Ablative - shows movement.
  6. Essive - denotes a state of being.
  7. Lative - denotes a static location.
  8. Instrumental - denotes the tool used to perform an action.
  9. Comitative - denotes accompaniment when the action was performed.

. Number[]

. There are four numbers in Mevja nouns :

  1. Singular - one of something.
  2. Dual - two of something.
  3. Plural - three or more of something.
  4. Paucal - denotes part of a whole (some, a few).

Ex: Vama - Person

Case / Number Singular Dual Plural Paucal
Nominative - u i r
Accusative e u i r
Dative en nu ni nar
Topical wa wu wi war
Genitive o u i or
Ablative t tu ti tar
Essive ju ju ji jur
Lative ssa ssu ssi ssar
Respective ra ru ri rar
Instrumental lla llu lli llar
Comitative ma mu mi mar




Tense / Aspect Simple Continuous Perfect
Past Past Imperfect Pluperfect
Present Aorist Present Perfect
Future Future Near Future Future Perfect
  1. Aorist - ( I eat.)
  2. Present - (I am eating.)
  3. Perfect - ( I have eaten / I have been eating)
  4. Past - ( I ate.)
  5. Imperfect - (I was eating.)
  6. Pluperfect - ( I had eaten./ I had been eating)
  7. Future - ( I will eat.)
  8. Near Future - (I will be eating.)
  9. Future Perfect - ( I will have eaten. / I will have been eating.)




  1. Vama - person / human.
  2. Đavu - man / hero.
  3. Sabi - woman.

Example text[]