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Mevja
Mevjaokwei
Type SemiFusional-Agglutinating
Alignment Nom-Acc
Head direction Head-Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Labio-Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p / b t / d k / g
Fricative f / v θ / ð s / z ʃ / ʒ x / ɣ h
Affricate tʃ / dʒ
Approximant w j
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral app. l

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Near-back Back
High i / y ɯ u
Mid e ø o
Low æ a / ɒ

Diphthongs Edit

Rising Falling
ia ae
io ao
ua ei
ue eu
uo oi

PhonotacticsEdit

. onset clusters can be stop+liquid , fricative+approximant and nasal+stop

Permitted onsets Edit

A syllable may begin with a single consonant, or a permitted cluster. Known permitted clusters consist of an oral stop followed by either a liquid, or a sibilant.

Word-initially Edit

A word may begin with a vowel, a single consonant, an oral stop followed by a liquid, or either of those preceded by a sibilant. That is, I word may begin with three consonants provided they occur in the following configuration:

1st 2nd 3rd
s p

t

k

r

l

z b

d
g

Permitted nuclei Edit

A nucleus may be a short vowel, a long vowel, or a diphthong.

Permitted codas Edit

Any consonant may appear as a geminate, except for the palatals (ñj).

Word-finally Edit

A word may end with a vowel, sn, m, t, d, r, l, k or h. The only permissible consonant clusters word-finally are ks and gz.


Stress and syllable distribution Edit

The maximum possible syllable structure in Mevja is CCCVCV.

. Word stress in Mevja is predictable and non phonemic and it is determined by syllable weight.

. Words with a single syllable it is automatically the first or unstressed entirely.

. words with two syllables the stress falls on the first syllable.

. words with three or more syllables, the stress is on the penultimate syllable if this is heavy, otherwise (if the syllable is a light one) on the antepenultimate syllable, i.e. the third-to-last syllable.

A syllable is light if:

  • It ends with a short vowel. This includes rising diphthongs that ends in a short vowel

A syllable is heavy if:

  • It contains with a long vowel
  • It contains a falling diphthong
  • It contains a long rising diphthong
  • It ends with a consonant or contains a cluster of two consonants
For syllable boundaries at the middle of a word, a good rule of thumb is that if a vowel is followed by two consonants, the first consonant is at the end of a syllable and thus the syllable is heavy. For this purpose:
  • Digraphs, such as rhghlj count as a single consonant.
  • A plosive (ptk, kw, bdg) followed by a liquid (rlrh) or a sibilant (s, š , z)
  • Only the following consonants have phonemically geminated forms: pp, tt, kk, mm, nn, ss, ff, ll, rr, gg.

Morphonology Edit

Consonant Mutation Edit

. There are four types of consonant mutation in Mevja:

  1. Lenition or Soft mutation - voiced stops to voiceless stops, voiceless stops to spirants. liquids trigger.
  2. Fortiton or hard mutation - fricatives to voiceless stops. broad vowels trigger.
  3. Nasalization - stops become a nasal of the same articulation. nasals trigger.
  4. Spirantization - stops to spirants. slender vowels trigger.

Vowel Processes Edit

. There is one type of vowel processes in Mevja :

  1. Umlaut - is a process in which the an suffix with a certain vowel either (i or u) determines the vowel quality of all other vowels in the word.

1a. i - Umlaut - the process of all vowels in a word being fronted due to an (i) suffix being attached.

1b. U- umlaut - the process of unrounded vowels being rounded due to an (u) suffix being added.

. front harmony always takes precedence before the suffix is added and umlaut takes place.

Writing SystemEdit

Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Gender Edit

Case Edit

. There are nine cases in Mevja:

  1. Nominative - the subject of a sentence.
  2. Accusative - the direct object of a sentence.
  3. Dative - the indirect object of a sentence.
  4. Genitive - shows possession or origin
  5. Ablative - shows movement.
  6. Essive - denotes a state of being.
  7. Lative - denotes a static location.
  8. Instrumental - denotes the tool used to perform an action.
  9. Comitative - denotes accompaniment when the action was performed.

. Number Edit

. There are four numbers in Mevja nouns :

  1. Singular - one of something.
  2. Dual - two of something.
  3. Plural - three or more of something.
  4. Paucal - denotes part of a whole (some, a few).

Ex: Vama - Person

Case / Number Singular Dual Plural Paucal
Nominative - u i r
Accusative e u i r
Dative en nu ni nar
Topical wa wu wi war
Genitive o u i or
Ablative t tu ti tar
Essive ju ju ji jur
Lative ssa ssu ssi ssar
Respective ra ru ri rar
Instrumental lla llu lli llar
Comitative ma mu mi mar


Edit

VerbsEdit

Tense Edit

Tense / Aspect Simple Continuous Perfect
Past Past Imperfect Pluperfect
Present Aorist Present Perfect
Future Future Near Future Future Perfect
  1. Aorist - ( I eat.)
  2. Present - (I am eating.)
  3. Perfect - ( I have eaten / I have been eating)
  4. Past - ( I ate.)
  5. Imperfect - (I was eating.)
  6. Pluperfect - ( I had eaten./ I had been eating)
  7. Future - ( I will eat.)
  8. Near Future - (I will be eating.)
  9. Future Perfect - ( I will have eaten. / I will have been eating.)

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

People Edit

  1. Vama - person / human.
  2. Đavu - man / hero.
  3. Sabi - woman.

Example textEdit

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